Nikal

Nikal (Ni)

chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28
Atomski broj28
Relativna atomska masa58.6934
Maseni broj58
Skupina10
Perioda4
Blokd
proton28 p+
neutron30 n0
elektron28 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Ni (Nikal)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
135 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
110 pm
Metallic Radius
115 pm
Ionski radijus
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
197 pm
gustoća
8,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Nikal0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
737 kJ/mol
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
7,639877 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ni (Nikal)
Toplina isparivanja
378,6 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
17,61 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
430,1 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 16, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Ni (Nikal)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ni (Nikal)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Ni (Nikal)
Orbital Diagram of Ni (Nikal)
Oksidacijski broj-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.91
Electrophilicity Index
1,4915353151966217 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
3.186,15 K
Talište
1.728,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Siva
appearancelustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
90,9 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,07 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,444 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
14 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typeferromagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
631 K
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna plošno centrirana (FCC)
lattice constant
3,52 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
4 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
76 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
200 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,31
brzina zvuka
4.970 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number69
Mendeleev Number67
Pettifor Number67
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
714,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
49 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
373 a₀
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
4,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0026
Kvantni brojevi3F4
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Nickel

Stabilni izotopi4
Nestabilni izotopi31
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition5868.08%5868.08%6026.22%6026.22%623.63%623.63%611.14%611.14%640.93%640.93%

48Ni

Maseni broj48
neutron number20
Relativna atomska masa
48,019515 ± 0,000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,8 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2000
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

49Ni

Maseni broj49
neutron number21
Relativna atomska masa
49,009157 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,5 ± 1 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1996
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)83.4%

50Ni

Maseni broj50
neutron number22
Relativna atomska masa
49,996286 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,5 ± 1,2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)73%
2p (2-proton emission)14%

51Ni

Maseni broj51
neutron number23
Relativna atomska masa
50,987493 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
23,8 ± 0,2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87.2%
2p (2-proton emission)0.5%

52Ni

Maseni broj52
neutron number24
Relativna atomska masa
51,975781 ± 0,000089 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
41,8 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)31.1%

53Ni

Maseni broj53
neutron number25
Relativna atomska masa
52,96819 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
55,2 ± 0,7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1976
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)22.7%

54Ni

Maseni broj54
neutron number26
Relativna atomska masa
53,957833 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
114,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

55Ni

Maseni broj55
neutron number27
Relativna atomska masa
54,951329846 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0,28 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
203,9 ± 1,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

56Ni

Maseni broj56
neutron number28
Relativna atomska masa
55,942127761 ± 0,000000428 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,075 ± 0,01 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1952
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

57Ni

Maseni broj57
neutron number29
Relativna atomska masa
56,939791394 ± 0,000000608 Da
g-factor
−0,53166666666667 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
35,6 ± 0,06 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1938
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Ni

Maseni broj58
neutron number30
Relativna atomska masa
57,93534165 ± 0,000000374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
68,0769 ± 0,019
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1921
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

59Ni

Maseni broj59
neutron number31
Relativna atomska masa
58,934345442 ± 0,000000376 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
81 ± 5 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Ni

Maseni broj60
neutron number32
Relativna atomska masa
59,930785129 ± 0,000000378 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,2231 ± 0,015
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1921
Parnost+

61Ni

Maseni broj61
neutron number33
Relativna atomska masa
60,931054819 ± 0,000000381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
1,1399 ± 0,0013
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,162 ± 0,015
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost-

62Ni

Maseni broj62
neutron number34
Relativna atomska masa
61,928344753 ± 0,000000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3,6345 ± 0,004
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

63Ni

Maseni broj63
neutron number35
Relativna atomska masa
62,929669021 ± 0,000000457 Da
g-factor
0,992 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
101,2 ± 1,5 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Ni

Maseni broj64
neutron number36
Relativna atomska masa
63,927966228 ± 0,000000497 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,9256 ± 0,0019
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

65Ni

Maseni broj65
neutron number37
Relativna atomska masa
64,930084585 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
0,276 ± 0,024
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,5175 ± 0,0005 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1946
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

66Ni

Maseni broj66
neutron number38
Relativna atomska masa
65,929139333 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
54,6 ± 0,3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

67Ni

Maseni broj67
neutron number39
Relativna atomska masa
66,931569413 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1978
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

68Ni

Maseni broj68
neutron number40
Relativna atomska masa
67,931868787 ± 0,0000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
29 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

69Ni

Maseni broj69
neutron number41
Relativna atomska masa
68,935610267 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,4 ± 0,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1984
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Ni

Maseni broj70
neutron number42
Relativna atomska masa
69,9364313 ± 0,000002301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

71Ni

Maseni broj71
neutron number43
Relativna atomska masa
70,940518962 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,56 ± 0,03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Ni

Maseni broj72
neutron number44
Relativna atomska masa
71,941785924 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,57 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

73Ni

Maseni broj73
neutron number45
Relativna atomska masa
72,946206681 ± 0,000002601 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
840 ± 30 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

74Ni

Maseni broj74
neutron number46
Relativna atomska masa
73,947718 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
507,7 ± 4,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

75Ni

Maseni broj75
neutron number47
Relativna atomska masa
74,952506 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
331,6 ± 3,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1992
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

76Ni

Maseni broj76
neutron number48
Relativna atomska masa
75,954707 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
234,6 ± 2,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1995
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

77Ni

Maseni broj77
neutron number49
Relativna atomska masa
76,959903 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
158,9 ± 4,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1995
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

78Ni

Maseni broj78
neutron number50
Relativna atomska masa
77,962555 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
122,2 ± 5,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1995
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Ni

Maseni broj79
neutron number51
Relativna atomska masa
78,969769 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
44 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Ni

Maseni broj80
neutron number52
Relativna atomska masa
79,975051 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30 ± 22 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2014
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Ni

Maseni broj81
neutron number53
Relativna atomska masa
80,982727 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2017
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

82Ni

Maseni broj82
neutron number54
Relativna atomska masa
81,988492 ± 0,000859 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2017
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Electrolytic nickel

povijest

otkrio/izumioAxel Cronstedt
location of discoverySweden
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1751
EtimologijaGerman: kupfernickel (false copper).
pronunciationNIK-l (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
natural abundance (ocean)
0,00056 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
1,3 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,008 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6474
2p3.9048
2s7.7874
3d15.4705
3p13.915
3s13.039
4s22.2892