Nikel, ²Nikli

Nikel, ²Nikli (Ni)

chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28
Atomic Number28
Atomic Weight58.6934
Numri i masës58
Group10
Period4
Blockd
protoni28 p+
neutroni30 n0
elektroni28 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ni (Nikel, ²Nikli)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
110 pm
Metallic Radius
115 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
197 pm
density
8,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Nikel, ²Nikli020406080100120140160180200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
737 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,639877 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ni (Nikel, ²Nikli)
enthalpy of vaporization
378,6 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
17,61 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
430,1 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 16, 2
Bohr model: Ni (Nikel, ²Nikli)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ni (Nikel, ²Nikli)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ni (Nikel, ²Nikli)
Orbital Diagram of Ni (Nikel, ²Nikli)
oxidation number-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativiteti
1.91
Electrophilicity Index
1,4915353151966217 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 186,15 K
Melting Point
1 728,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Gray
appearancelustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
90,9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,07 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,444 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typeferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
631 K
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,52 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
4 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
76 GPa
Young's modulus
200 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,31
Shpejtësia e zërit
4 970 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number69
Mendeleev Number67
Pettifor Number67
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
714,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
49 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
373 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
4,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0026
numër kuantik3F4
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Nickel

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition5868.08%5868.08%6026.22%6026.22%623.63%623.63%611.14%611.14%640.93%640.93%

48Ni

Numri i masës48
numri i neutroneve20
relative atomic mass
48,019515 ± 0,000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,8 ± 0,8 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2000
parity+

decay modeintensitet
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

49Ni

Numri i masës49
numri i neutroneve21
relative atomic mass
49,009157 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,5 ± 1 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1996
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)83.4%

50Ni

Numri i masës50
numri i neutroneve22
relative atomic mass
49,996286 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,5 ± 1,2 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)73%
2p (2-proton emission)14%

51Ni

Numri i masës51
numri i neutroneve23
relative atomic mass
50,987493 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,8 ± 0,2 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87.2%
2p (2-proton emission)0.5%

52Ni

Numri i masës52
numri i neutroneve24
relative atomic mass
51,975781 ± 0,000089 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
41,8 ± 1 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)31.1%

53Ni

Numri i masës53
numri i neutroneve25
relative atomic mass
52,96819 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,2 ± 0,7 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1976
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)22.7%

54Ni

Numri i masës54
numri i neutroneve26
relative atomic mass
53,957833 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
114,1 ± 0,3 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

55Ni

Numri i masës55
numri i neutroneve27
relative atomic mass
54,951329846 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0,28 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
203,9 ± 1,3 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

56Ni

Numri i masës56
numri i neutroneve28
relative atomic mass
55,942127761 ± 0,000000428 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,075 ± 0,01 d
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

57Ni

Numri i masës57
numri i neutroneve29
relative atomic mass
56,939791394 ± 0,000000608 Da
g-factor
-0,53166666666667 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,6 ± 0,06 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1938
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Ni

Numri i masës58
numri i neutroneve30
relative atomic mass
57,93534165 ± 0,000000374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
68,0769 ± 0,019
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1921
parity+

decay modeintensitet
+ (double β+ decay)

59Ni

Numri i masës59
numri i neutroneve31
relative atomic mass
58,934345442 ± 0,000000376 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
81 ± 5 ky
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Ni

Numri i masës60
numri i neutroneve32
relative atomic mass
59,930785129 ± 0,000000378 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,2231 ± 0,015
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1921
parity+

61Ni

Numri i masës61
numri i neutroneve33
relative atomic mass
60,931054819 ± 0,000000381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
1,1399 ± 0,0013
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,162 ± 0,015
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity-

62Ni

Numri i masës62
numri i neutroneve34
relative atomic mass
61,928344753 ± 0,000000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3,6345 ± 0,004
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity+

63Ni

Numri i masës63
numri i neutroneve35
relative atomic mass
62,929669021 ± 0,000000457 Da
g-factor
0,992 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
101,2 ± 1,5 y
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

64Ni

Numri i masës64
numri i neutroneve36
relative atomic mass
63,927966228 ± 0,000000497 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,9256 ± 0,0019
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

65Ni

Numri i masës65
numri i neutroneve37
relative atomic mass
64,930084585 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
0,276 ± 0,024
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5175 ± 0,0005 h
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1946
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

66Ni

Numri i masës66
numri i neutroneve38
relative atomic mass
65,929139333 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
54,6 ± 0,3 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

67Ni

Numri i masës67
numri i neutroneve39
relative atomic mass
66,931569413 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21 ± 1 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1978
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

68Ni

Numri i masës68
numri i neutroneve40
relative atomic mass
67,931868787 ± 0,0000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
29 ± 2 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

69Ni

Numri i masës69
numri i neutroneve41
relative atomic mass
68,935610267 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,4 ± 0,3 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1984
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

70Ni

Numri i masës70
numri i neutroneve42
relative atomic mass
69,9364313 ± 0,000002301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6 ± 0,3 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

71Ni

Numri i masës71
numri i neutroneve43
relative atomic mass
70,940518962 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,56 ± 0,03 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

72Ni

Numri i masës72
numri i neutroneve44
relative atomic mass
71,941785924 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,57 ± 0,05 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

73Ni

Numri i masës73
numri i neutroneve45
relative atomic mass
72,946206681 ± 0,000002601 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
840 ± 30 ms
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

74Ni

Numri i masës74
numri i neutroneve46
relative atomic mass
73,947718 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
507,7 ± 4,6 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

75Ni

Numri i masës75
numri i neutroneve47
relative atomic mass
74,952506 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
331,6 ± 3,2 ms
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

76Ni

Numri i masës76
numri i neutroneve48
relative atomic mass
75,954707 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
234,6 ± 2,7 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1995
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

77Ni

Numri i masës77
numri i neutroneve49
relative atomic mass
76,959903 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
158,9 ± 4,2 ms
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1995
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

78Ni

Numri i masës78
numri i neutroneve50
relative atomic mass
77,962555 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
122,2 ± 5,1 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1995
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Ni

Numri i masës79
numri i neutroneve51
relative atomic mass
78,969769 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
44 ± 8 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Ni

Numri i masës80
numri i neutroneve52
relative atomic mass
79,975051 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30 ± 22 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2014
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Ni

Numri i masës81
numri i neutroneve53
relative atomic mass
80,982727 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2017
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)

82Ni

Numri i masës82
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
81,988492 ± 0,000859 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2017
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
Electrolytic nickel

historia

zbuluesAxel Cronstedt
vendndodhja e zbulimitSweden
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1751
EtimologjiaGerman: kupfernickel (false copper).
pronunciationNIK-l (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,00056 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
1,3 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6474
2p3.9048
2s7.7874
3d15.4705
3p13.915
3s13.039
4s22.2892