Nikeli

Nikeli (Ni)

chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28
Atomic Number28
Atomic Weight58.6934
mass number58
Group10
Period4
Blockd
protoni28 p+
nyutroni30 n0
elektroni28 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ni (Nikeli)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
110 pm
Metallic Radius
115 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
197 pm
msongamano
8.9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Nikeli0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

nishati
proton affinity
737 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7.639877 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ni (Nikeli)
enthalpy of vaporization
378.6 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
17.61 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
430.1 kJ/mol
elektroni
Mzingo elektroni2, 8, 16, 2
Bohr model: Ni (Nikeli)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ni (Nikeli)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ni (Nikeli)
Orbital Diagram of Ni (Nikeli)
oxidation number-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.91
Electrophilicity Index
1.4915353151966217 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,186.15 K
Melting Point
1,728.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Kiwango utatu
appearance
Rangi
Gray
appearancelustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
90.9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0.0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.07 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.444 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0.00000007000000000002 m Ω
superconductivity
Uga sumaku
typeferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
631 K
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3.52 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
4 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
76 GPa
Young's modulus
200 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.31
speed of sound
4,970 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number69
Mendeleev Number67
Pettifor Number67
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
714.1 kJ/mol
polarizability
49 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
373 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
4.5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0026
quantum number3F4
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Nickel

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition5868.08%5868.08%6026.22%6026.22%623.63%623.63%611.14%611.14%640.93%640.93%

48Ni

mass number48
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
48.019515 ± 0.000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
2.8 ± 0.8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi2000
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

49Ni

mass number49
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
49.009157 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
7.5 ± 1 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1996
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)83.4%

50Ni

mass number50
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
49.996286 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
18.5 ± 1.2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1994
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)73%
2p (2-proton emission)14%

51Ni

mass number51
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
50.987493 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
23.8 ± 0.2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1987
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87.2%
2p (2-proton emission)0.5%

52Ni

mass number52
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
51.975781 ± 0.000089 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
41.8 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1987
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)31.1%

53Ni

mass number53
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
52.96819 ± 0.000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
55.2 ± 0.7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1976
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)22.7%

54Ni

mass number54
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
53.957833 ± 0.000005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
114.1 ± 0.3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1977
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

55Ni

mass number55
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
54.951329846 ± 0.000000757 Da
g-factor
0.28 ± 0.0085714285714286
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
203.9 ± 1.3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1972
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

56Ni

mass number56
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
55.942127761 ± 0.000000428 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
6.075 ± 0.01 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1952
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

57Ni

mass number57
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
56.939791394 ± 0.000000608 Da
g-factor
-0.53166666666667 ± 0.00093333333333333
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
35.6 ± 0.06 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1938
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Ni

mass number58
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
57.93534165 ± 0.000000374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
68.0769 ± 0.019
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1921
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

59Ni

mass number59
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
58.934345442 ± 0.000000376 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
81 ± 5 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1951
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Ni

mass number60
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
59.930785129 ± 0.000000378 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26.2231 ± 0.015
Unururifustable isotope
NusumaishaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1921
parity+

61Ni

mass number61
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
60.931054819 ± 0.000000381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
1.1399 ± 0.0013
Unururifustable isotope
NusumaishaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.162 ± 0.015
Uvumbuzi1934
parity-

62Ni

mass number62
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
61.928344753 ± 0.000000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3.6345 ± 0.004
Unururifustable isotope
NusumaishaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1934
parity+

63Ni

mass number63
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
62.929669021 ± 0.000000457 Da
g-factor
0.992 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
101.2 ± 1.5 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1951
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Ni

mass number64
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
63.927966228 ± 0.000000497 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.9256 ± 0.0019
Unururifustable isotope
NusumaishaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1935
parity+

65Ni

mass number65
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
64.930084585 ± 0.000000518 Da
g-factor
0.276 ± 0.024
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
2.5175 ± 0.0005 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1946
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

66Ni

mass number66
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
65.929139333 ± 0.0000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
54.6 ± 0.3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1948
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

67Ni

mass number67
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
66.931569413 ± 0.0000031 Da
g-factor
1.202 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
21 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1978
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

68Ni

mass number68
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
67.931868787 ± 0.0000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
29 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1977
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

69Ni

mass number69
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
68.935610267 ± 0.000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
11.4 ± 0.3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1984
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Ni

mass number70
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
69.9364313 ± 0.000002301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
6 ± 0.3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1987
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

71Ni

mass number71
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
70.940518962 ± 0.000002401 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
2.56 ± 0.03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1987
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Ni

mass number72
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
71.941785924 ± 0.000002401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.57 ± 0.05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1987
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

73Ni

mass number73
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
72.946206681 ± 0.000002601 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
840 ± 30 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1987
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

74Ni

mass number74
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
73.947718 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
507.7 ± 4.6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1987
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

75Ni

mass number75
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
74.952506 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
331.6 ± 3.2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1992
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

76Ni

mass number76
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
75.954707 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
234.6 ± 2.7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1995
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

77Ni

mass number77
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
76.959903 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
158.9 ± 4.2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1995
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

78Ni

mass number78
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
77.962555 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
122.2 ± 5.1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1995
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Ni

mass number79
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
78.969769 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
44 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2010
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Ni

mass number80
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
79.975051 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
30 ± 22 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi2014
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Ni

mass number81
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
80.982727 ± 0.000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2017
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)

82Ni

mass number82
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
81.988492 ± 0.000859 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi2017
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)
Electrolytic nickel

historia

mgunduzi au mvumbuziAxel Cronstedt
location of discoverySweden
Uvumbuzi1751
EtimolojiaGerman: kupfernickel (false copper).
pronunciationNIK-l (Kiingereza)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Bahari)
0.00056 mg/L
natural abundance (Mwili)
0.00001 %
natural abundance (Kimondo)
1.3 %
natural abundance (Jua)
0.008 %
Abundance in Universe
0.006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6474
2p3.9048
2s7.7874
3d15.4705
3p13.915
3s13.039
4s22.2892