Никел

Никел (Ni)

chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28
Atomic Number28
Atomic Weight58.6934
Адади массавӣ58
Group10
Period4
Blockd
proton28 p+
neutron30 n0
electron28 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ni (Никел)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
110 pm
Metallic Radius
115 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
197 pm
зичӣ
8,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Никел020406080100120140160180200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
737 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,639877 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ni (Никел)
enthalpy of vaporization
378,6 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
17,61 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
430,1 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 16, 2
Bohr model: Ni (Никел)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ni (Никел)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ni (Никел)
Orbital Diagram of Ni (Никел)
oxidation number-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.91
Electrophilicity Index
1,4915353151966217 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 186,15 K
Melting Point
1 728,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Gray
appearancelustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
90,9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,07 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
навъferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
631 K
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,52 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
4 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
76 GPa
Young's modulus
200 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,31
speed of sound
4 970 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number69
Mendeleev Number67
Pettifor Number67
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
714,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
49 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
373 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
4,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0026
ададҳои квантӣ3F4
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Nickel

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition5868.08%5868.08%6026.22%6026.22%623.63%623.63%611.14%611.14%640.93%640.93%

48Ni

Адади массавӣ48
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
48,019515 ± 0,000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,8 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

49Ni

Адади массавӣ49
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
49,009157 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,5 ± 1 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)83.4%

50Ni

Адади массавӣ50
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
49,996286 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,5 ± 1,2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)73%
2p (2-proton emission)14%

51Ni

Адади массавӣ51
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
50,987493 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,8 ± 0,2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87.2%
2p (2-proton emission)0.5%

52Ni

Адади массавӣ52
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
51,975781 ± 0,000089 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
41,8 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)31.1%

53Ni

Адади массавӣ53
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
52,96819 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,2 ± 0,7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)22.7%

54Ni

Адади массавӣ54
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
53,957833 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
114,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

55Ni

Адади массавӣ55
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
54,951329846 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0,28 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
203,9 ± 1,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

56Ni

Адади массавӣ56
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
55,942127761 ± 0,000000428 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,075 ± 0,01 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

57Ni

Адади массавӣ57
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
56,939791394 ± 0,000000608 Da
g-factor
-0,53166666666667 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,6 ± 0,06 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Ni

Адади массавӣ58
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
57,93534165 ± 0,000000374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
68,0769 ± 0,019
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1921
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

59Ni

Адади массавӣ59
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
58,934345442 ± 0,000000376 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
81 ± 5 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Ni

Адади массавӣ60
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
59,930785129 ± 0,000000378 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,2231 ± 0,015
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1921
parity+

61Ni

Адади массавӣ61
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
60,931054819 ± 0,000000381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
1,1399 ± 0,0013
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,162 ± 0,015
таърихи кашф1934
parity-

62Ni

Адади массавӣ62
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
61,928344753 ± 0,000000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3,6345 ± 0,004
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

63Ni

Адади массавӣ63
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
62,929669021 ± 0,000000457 Da
g-factor
0,992 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
101,2 ± 1,5 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Ni

Адади массавӣ64
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
63,927966228 ± 0,000000497 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,9256 ± 0,0019
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1935
parity+

65Ni

Адади массавӣ65
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
64,930084585 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
0,276 ± 0,024
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5175 ± 0,0005 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1946
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

66Ni

Адади массавӣ66
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
65,929139333 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
54,6 ± 0,3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

67Ni

Адади массавӣ67
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
66,931569413 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

68Ni

Адади массавӣ68
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
67,931868787 ± 0,0000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
29 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

69Ni

Адади массавӣ69
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
68,935610267 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,4 ± 0,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Ni

Адади массавӣ70
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
69,9364313 ± 0,000002301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

71Ni

Адади массавӣ71
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
70,940518962 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,56 ± 0,03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Ni

Адади массавӣ72
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
71,941785924 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,57 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

73Ni

Адади массавӣ73
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
72,946206681 ± 0,000002601 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
840 ± 30 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

74Ni

Адади массавӣ74
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
73,947718 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
507,7 ± 4,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

75Ni

Адади массавӣ75
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
74,952506 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
331,6 ± 3,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

76Ni

Адади массавӣ76
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
75,954707 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
234,6 ± 2,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

77Ni

Адади массавӣ77
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
76,959903 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
158,9 ± 4,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

78Ni

Адади массавӣ78
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
77,962555 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
122,2 ± 5,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Ni

Адади массавӣ79
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
78,969769 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
44 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Ni

Адади массавӣ80
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
79,975051 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30 ± 22 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2014
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Ni

Адади массавӣ81
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
80,982727 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

82Ni

Адади массавӣ82
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
81,988492 ± 0,000859 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Electrolytic nickel

таърих

кошифAxel Cronstedt
макони кашфSweden
таърихи кашф1751
РешашиносӣGerman: kupfernickel (false copper).
pronunciationNIK-l (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,00056 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
1,3 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6474
2p3.9048
2s7.7874
3d15.4705
3p13.915
3s13.039
4s22.2892