Nikel

Nikel (Ni)

chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28
Atomic Number28
Atomic Weight58.6934
mass number58
Group10
Period4
Blockd
Proton28 p+
Neytron30 n0
Elektron28 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ni (Nikel)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
135 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
110 pm
Metallic Radius
115 pm
Ion radiuslar
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
197 pm
density
8,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Nikel0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
737 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,639877 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ni (Nikel)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
378,6 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
17,61 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
430,1 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 16, 2
Bohr model: Ni (Nikel)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ni (Nikel)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ni (Nikel)
Orbital Diagram of Ni (Nikel)
Oksidlanish darajasi-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektrmanfiylik
1.91
Electrophilicity Index
1,4915353151966217 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 186,15 K
Melting Point
1 728,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Rang
Gray
appearancelustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
90,9 W/(m K)
Issiqlikdan kengayish
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,07 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,444 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typeferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
631 K
Néel temperature
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
Kristall panjara davri
3,52 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
4 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
76 GPa
Yung moduli
200 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,31
Tovush tezligi
4 970 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number69
Mendeleev Number67
Pettifor Number67
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
714,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
49 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
373 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
4,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0026
Atom kvant sonlari3F4
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Nickel

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition5868.08%5868.08%6026.22%6026.22%623.63%623.63%611.14%611.14%640.93%640.93%

48Ni

mass number48
neutron number20
Nisbiy atom massa
48,019515 ± 0,000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,8 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

49Ni

mass number49
neutron number21
Nisbiy atom massa
49,009157 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
7,5 ± 1 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)83.4%

50Ni

mass number50
neutron number22
Nisbiy atom massa
49,996286 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
18,5 ± 1,2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)73%
2p (2-proton emission)14%

51Ni

mass number51
neutron number23
Nisbiy atom massa
50,987493 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
23,8 ± 0,2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87.2%
2p (2-proton emission)0.5%

52Ni

mass number52
neutron number24
Nisbiy atom massa
51,975781 ± 0,000089 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
41,8 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)31.1%

53Ni

mass number53
neutron number25
Nisbiy atom massa
52,96819 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
55,2 ± 0,7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)22.7%

54Ni

mass number54
neutron number26
Nisbiy atom massa
53,957833 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
114,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

55Ni

mass number55
neutron number27
Nisbiy atom massa
54,951329846 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0,28 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
203,9 ± 1,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

56Ni

mass number56
neutron number28
Nisbiy atom massa
55,942127761 ± 0,000000428 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6,075 ± 0,01 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

57Ni

mass number57
neutron number29
Nisbiy atom massa
56,939791394 ± 0,000000608 Da
g-factor
-0,53166666666667 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
35,6 ± 0,06 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Ni

mass number58
neutron number30
Nisbiy atom massa
57,93534165 ± 0,000000374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
68,0769 ± 0,019
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1921
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

59Ni

mass number59
neutron number31
Nisbiy atom massa
58,934345442 ± 0,000000376 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
81 ± 5 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Ni

mass number60
neutron number32
Nisbiy atom massa
59,930785129 ± 0,000000378 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,2231 ± 0,015
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1921
parity+

61Ni

mass number61
neutron number33
Nisbiy atom massa
60,931054819 ± 0,000000381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
1,1399 ± 0,0013
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,162 ± 0,015
time of discovery or invention1934
parity-

62Ni

mass number62
neutron number34
Nisbiy atom massa
61,928344753 ± 0,000000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3,6345 ± 0,004
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

63Ni

mass number63
neutron number35
Nisbiy atom massa
62,929669021 ± 0,000000457 Da
g-factor
0,992 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
101,2 ± 1,5 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Ni

mass number64
neutron number36
Nisbiy atom massa
63,927966228 ± 0,000000497 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,9256 ± 0,0019
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity+

65Ni

mass number65
neutron number37
Nisbiy atom massa
64,930084585 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
0,276 ± 0,024
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,5175 ± 0,0005 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1946
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

66Ni

mass number66
neutron number38
Nisbiy atom massa
65,929139333 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
54,6 ± 0,3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

67Ni

mass number67
neutron number39
Nisbiy atom massa
66,931569413 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
21 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

68Ni

mass number68
neutron number40
Nisbiy atom massa
67,931868787 ± 0,0000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
29 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

69Ni

mass number69
neutron number41
Nisbiy atom massa
68,935610267 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
11,4 ± 0,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Ni

mass number70
neutron number42
Nisbiy atom massa
69,9364313 ± 0,000002301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

71Ni

mass number71
neutron number43
Nisbiy atom massa
70,940518962 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,56 ± 0,03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Ni

mass number72
neutron number44
Nisbiy atom massa
71,941785924 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,57 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

73Ni

mass number73
neutron number45
Nisbiy atom massa
72,946206681 ± 0,000002601 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
840 ± 30 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

74Ni

mass number74
neutron number46
Nisbiy atom massa
73,947718 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
507,7 ± 4,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

75Ni

mass number75
neutron number47
Nisbiy atom massa
74,952506 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
331,6 ± 3,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

76Ni

mass number76
neutron number48
Nisbiy atom massa
75,954707 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
234,6 ± 2,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

77Ni

mass number77
neutron number49
Nisbiy atom massa
76,959903 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
158,9 ± 4,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

78Ni

mass number78
neutron number50
Nisbiy atom massa
77,962555 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
122,2 ± 5,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Ni

mass number79
neutron number51
Nisbiy atom massa
78,969769 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
44 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Ni

mass number80
neutron number52
Nisbiy atom massa
79,975051 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
30 ± 22 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2014
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Ni

mass number81
neutron number53
Nisbiy atom massa
80,982727 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

82Ni

mass number82
neutron number54
Nisbiy atom massa
81,988492 ± 0,000859 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Electrolytic nickel

tarix

discoverer or inventorAxel Cronstedt
location of discoverySweden
time of discovery or invention1751
EtimologiyaGerman: kupfernickel (false copper).
pronunciationNIK-l (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Okean)
0,00056 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
1,3 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6474
2p3.9048
2s7.7874
3d15.4705
3p13.915
3s13.039
4s22.2892