Platinoa

Platinoa (Pt)

78 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number78
Atomic Weight195.084
masa-zenbaki195
Group10
Period6
Blockd
protoi78 p+
neutroi117 n0
elektroi78 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Pt (Platinoa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
135 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
123 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
Erradio ioniko
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
213 pm
dentsitatea
21,5 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Platinoa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
8,95883 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Pt (Platinoa)
Irakite-entalpia
470 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
21,76 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
565,7 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Pt (Platinoa)
balentzia-elektroi1
Lewis egitura: Pt (Platinoa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d9 6s1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Pt (Platinoa)
Orbital Diagram of Pt (Platinoa)
Oxidazio-egoera-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegatibotasun
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
2,249320350691278 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
4.098,15 K
Melting Point
2.041,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Gray
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
71,6 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000089 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,133 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
9,4 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000011 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000122 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,00000000238 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0002573
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,92 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
3,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
230 GPa
Zizaila modulua
61 GPa
Youngen modulu
168 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,38
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.680 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number64
Mendeleev Number69
Pettifor Number68
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
10
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,002
zenbaki kuantiko3D3
talde espazial225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Platinum

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition19432.86%19432.86%19533.78%19533.78%19625.21%19625.21%1987.36%1987.36%1900.01%1900.01%1920.78%1920.78%

165Pt

masa-zenbaki165
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
164,999658 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
370 ± 180 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2019
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

166Pt

masa-zenbaki166
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
165,994866 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
294 ± 62 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

167Pt

masa-zenbaki167
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
166,99275 ± 0,000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
915 ± 123 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

168Pt

masa-zenbaki168
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
167,988180196 ± 0,00016096 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,02 ± 0,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

169Pt

masa-zenbaki169
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,986619 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,99 ± 0,09 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

170Pt

masa-zenbaki170
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
169,982502087 ± 0,000019588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,93 ± 0,16 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

171Pt

masa-zenbaki171
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
170,981248868 ± 0,000086904 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
45,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Pt

masa-zenbaki172
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
171,977341059 ± 0,000011139 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
97,6 ± 1,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)96%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Pt

masa-zenbaki173
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
172,976449922 ± 0,000068096 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
382 ± 2 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

174Pt

masa-zenbaki174
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
173,972820431 ± 0,000011098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
862 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)74.9%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Pt

masa-zenbaki175
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
174,972400593 ± 0,000019982 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,43 ± 0,04 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Pt

masa-zenbaki176
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
175,968938162 ± 0,000013647 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,33 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

177Pt

masa-zenbaki177
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
176,968469541 ± 0,00001609 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10 ± 0,4 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.3%
α (α emission)5.7%

178Pt

masa-zenbaki178
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
177,965649288 ± 0,000010878 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
20,7 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.3%
α (α emission)7.7%

179Pt

masa-zenbaki179
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
178,965358742 ± 0,000008563 Da
g-factor
0,86 ± 0,06
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,2 ± 0,4 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.24%

180Pt

masa-zenbaki180
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,96303801 ± 0,00001079 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
56 ± 3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.48%
α (α emission)0.52%

181Pt

masa-zenbaki181
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
180,963089946 ± 0,000014695 Da
g-factor
0,96 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
52 ± 2,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.074%

182Pt

masa-zenbaki182
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
181,961171605 ± 0,000014057 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,67 ± 0,12 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.962%
α (α emission)0.038%

183Pt

masa-zenbaki183
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
182,961595895 ± 0,000015261 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,5 ± 1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0096%

184Pt

masa-zenbaki184
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
183,959921929 ± 0,000015828 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0017%

185Pt

masa-zenbaki185
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
184,960613659 ± 0,000027731 Da
g-factor
−0,16 ± 0,0024444444444444
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
70,9 ± 2,4 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.005%

186Pt

masa-zenbaki186
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
185,959350845 ± 0,000023344 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,08 ± 0,05 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1.4%

187Pt

masa-zenbaki187
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
186,960616646 ± 0,000025837 Da
g-factor
−0,26466666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,35 ± 0,03 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

188Pt

masa-zenbaki188
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,959397521 ± 0,000005694 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,16 ± 0,18 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)2.6%

189Pt

masa-zenbaki189
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
188,960848485 ± 0,000010832 Da
g-factor
−0,292 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,87 ± 0,12 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

190Pt

masa-zenbaki190
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
189,959949823 ± 0,000000705 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,012 ± 0,002
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
483 ± 3 Gy
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

191Pt

masa-zenbaki191
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
190,961676261 ± 0,00000443 Da
g-factor
−0,33266666666667 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,83 ± 0,02 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

192Pt

masa-zenbaki192
neutron number114
atomo-masa erlatibo
191,961042667 ± 0,000002758 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,782 ± 0,024
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

193Pt

masa-zenbaki193
neutron number115
atomo-masa erlatibo
192,962984546 ± 0,000001458 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
50 ± 6 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

194Pt

masa-zenbaki194
neutron number116
atomo-masa erlatibo
193,962683498 ± 0,000000532 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,864 ± 0,41
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

195Pt

masa-zenbaki195
neutron number117
atomo-masa erlatibo
194,964794325 ± 0,00000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
33,775 ± 0,24
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

196Pt

masa-zenbaki196
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
195,964954648 ± 0,000000547 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
25,211 ± 0,34
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

197Pt

masa-zenbaki197
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
196,96734303 ± 0,000000575 Da
g-factor
1,02 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,8915 ± 0,0019 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

198Pt

masa-zenbaki198
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
197,967896718 ± 0,000002254 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
7,356 ± 0,13
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

199Pt

masa-zenbaki199
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
198,970597022 ± 0,000002317 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30,8 ± 0,21 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

200Pt

masa-zenbaki200
neutron number122
atomo-masa erlatibo
199,971444609 ± 0,000021588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,6 ± 0,3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

201Pt

masa-zenbaki201
neutron number123
atomo-masa erlatibo
200,974513305 ± 0,000053788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,5 ± 0,1 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

202Pt

masa-zenbaki202
neutron number124
atomo-masa erlatibo
201,975639 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
44 ± 15 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

203Pt

masa-zenbaki203
neutron number125
atomo-masa erlatibo
202,979055 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
22 ± 4 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Pt

masa-zenbaki204
neutron number126
atomo-masa erlatibo
203,981084 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,3 ± 1,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

205Pt

masa-zenbaki205
neutron number127
atomo-masa erlatibo
204,986237 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

206Pt

masa-zenbaki206
neutron number128
atomo-masa erlatibo
205,99008 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

207Pt

masa-zenbaki207
neutron number129
atomo-masa erlatibo
206,995556 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

208Pt

masa-zenbaki208
neutron number130
atomo-masa erlatibo
207,999463 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Platinum crystals

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaJulius Scaliger
aurkikuntzaren lekuaItaly
aurkikuntza-data1735
etimologiaSpanish: platina (little silver).
pronunciationPLAT-n-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,005 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000098 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.506
2p4.4746
2s20.3702
3d13.5027
3p22.1139
3s23.0157
4d37.37
4f38.494
4p35.2696
4s34.3612
5d58.5925
5p53.5805
5s51.412
6s67.2486