Platin

Platin (Pt)

element kimik me numrin atomik 78
Atomic Number78
Atomic Weight195.084
Numri i masës195
Group10
Period6
Blockd
protoni78 p+
neutroni117 n0
elektroni78 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pt (Platin)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
123 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
ionic radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
213 pm
density
21,5 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Platin020406080100120140160180200220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,95883 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pt (Platin)
enthalpy of vaporization
470 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
21,76 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
565,7 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
Bohr model: Pt (Platin)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Pt (Platin)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d9 6s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Pt (Platin)
Orbital Diagram of Pt (Platin)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegativiteti
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
2,249320350691278 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4 098,15 K
Melting Point
2 041,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Gray
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
71,6 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000089 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,133 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
9,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000011 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000122 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000238 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0002573
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,92 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
3,5 MPa
bulk modulus
230 GPa
shear modulus
61 GPa
Young's modulus
168 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,38
Shpejtësia e zërit
2 680 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number64
Mendeleev Number69
Pettifor Number68
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
10
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,002
numër kuantik3D3
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Platinum

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition19432.86%19432.86%19533.78%19533.78%19625.21%19625.21%1987.36%1987.36%1900.01%1900.01%1920.78%1920.78%

165Pt

Numri i masës165
numri i neutroneve87
relative atomic mass
164,999658 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
370 ± 180 us
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2019
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

166Pt

Numri i masës166
numri i neutroneve88
relative atomic mass
165,994866 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
294 ± 62 us
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1996
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

167Pt

Numri i masës167
numri i neutroneve89
relative atomic mass
166,99275 ± 0,000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
915 ± 123 us
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1996
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

168Pt

Numri i masës168
numri i neutroneve90
relative atomic mass
167,988180196 ± 0,00016096 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,02 ± 0,1 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

169Pt

Numri i masës169
numri i neutroneve91
relative atomic mass
168,986619 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,99 ± 0,09 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

170Pt

Numri i masës170
numri i neutroneve92
relative atomic mass
169,982502087 ± 0,000019588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,93 ± 0,16 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

171Pt

Numri i masës171
numri i neutroneve93
relative atomic mass
170,981248868 ± 0,000086904 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,5 ± 2,5 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Pt

Numri i masës172
numri i neutroneve94
relative atomic mass
171,977341059 ± 0,000011139 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
97,6 ± 1,3 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)96%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Pt

Numri i masës173
numri i neutroneve95
relative atomic mass
172,976449922 ± 0,000068096 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
382 ± 2 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

174Pt

Numri i masës174
numri i neutroneve96
relative atomic mass
173,972820431 ± 0,000011098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
862 ± 8 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)74.9%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Pt

Numri i masës175
numri i neutroneve97
relative atomic mass
174,972400593 ± 0,000019982 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,43 ± 0,04 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Pt

Numri i masës176
numri i neutroneve98
relative atomic mass
175,968938162 ± 0,000013647 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,33 ± 0,15 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

177Pt

Numri i masës177
numri i neutroneve99
relative atomic mass
176,968469541 ± 0,00001609 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10 ± 0,4 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.3%
α (α emission)5.7%

178Pt

Numri i masës178
numri i neutroneve100
relative atomic mass
177,965649288 ± 0,000010878 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,7 ± 0,7 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.3%
α (α emission)7.7%

179Pt

Numri i masës179
numri i neutroneve101
relative atomic mass
178,965358742 ± 0,000008563 Da
g-factor
0,86 ± 0,06
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,2 ± 0,4 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.24%

180Pt

Numri i masës180
numri i neutroneve102
relative atomic mass
179,96303801 ± 0,00001079 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 3 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.48%
α (α emission)0.52%

181Pt

Numri i masës181
numri i neutroneve103
relative atomic mass
180,963089946 ± 0,000014695 Da
g-factor
0,96 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
52 ± 2,2 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.074%

182Pt

Numri i masës182
numri i neutroneve104
relative atomic mass
181,961171605 ± 0,000014057 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,67 ± 0,12 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.962%
α (α emission)0.038%

183Pt

Numri i masës183
numri i neutroneve105
relative atomic mass
182,961595895 ± 0,000015261 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,5 ± 1 m
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0096%

184Pt

Numri i masës184
numri i neutroneve106
relative atomic mass
183,959921929 ± 0,000015828 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,3 ± 0,2 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0017%

185Pt

Numri i masës185
numri i neutroneve107
relative atomic mass
184,960613659 ± 0,000027731 Da
g-factor
-0,16 ± 0,0024444444444444
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70,9 ± 2,4 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.005%

186Pt

Numri i masës186
numri i neutroneve108
relative atomic mass
185,959350845 ± 0,000023344 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,08 ± 0,05 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1961
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1.4%

187Pt

Numri i masës187
numri i neutroneve109
relative atomic mass
186,960616646 ± 0,000025837 Da
g-factor
-0,26466666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,35 ± 0,03 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1961
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

188Pt

Numri i masës188
numri i neutroneve110
relative atomic mass
187,959397521 ± 0,000005694 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,16 ± 0,18 d
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1954
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)2.6%

189Pt

Numri i masës189
numri i neutroneve111
relative atomic mass
188,960848485 ± 0,000010832 Da
g-factor
-0,292 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,87 ± 0,12 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

190Pt

Numri i masës190
numri i neutroneve112
relative atomic mass
189,959949823 ± 0,000000705 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,012 ± 0,002
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
483 ± 3 Gy
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

191Pt

Numri i masës191
numri i neutroneve113
relative atomic mass
190,961676261 ± 0,00000443 Da
g-factor
-0,33266666666667 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,83 ± 0,02 d
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

192Pt

Numri i masës192
numri i neutroneve114
relative atomic mass
191,961042667 ± 0,000002758 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,782 ± 0,024
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)

193Pt

Numri i masës193
numri i neutroneve115
relative atomic mass
192,962984546 ± 0,000001458 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,016
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
50 ± 6 y
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

194Pt

Numri i masës194
numri i neutroneve116
relative atomic mass
193,962683498 ± 0,000000532 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,864 ± 0,41
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

195Pt

Numri i masës195
numri i neutroneve117
relative atomic mass
194,964794325 ± 0,00000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
33,775 ± 0,24
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)

196Pt

Numri i masës196
numri i neutroneve118
relative atomic mass
195,964954648 ± 0,000000547 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
25,211 ± 0,34
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

197Pt

Numri i masës197
numri i neutroneve119
relative atomic mass
196,96734303 ± 0,000000575 Da
g-factor
1,02 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,8915 ± 0,0019 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1936
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

198Pt

Numri i masës198
numri i neutroneve120
relative atomic mass
197,967896718 ± 0,000002254 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
7,356 ± 0,13
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

199Pt

Numri i masës199
numri i neutroneve121
relative atomic mass
198,970597022 ± 0,000002317 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,8 ± 0,21 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

200Pt

Numri i masës200
numri i neutroneve122
relative atomic mass
199,971444609 ± 0,000021588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,6 ± 0,3 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

201Pt

Numri i masës201
numri i neutroneve123
relative atomic mass
200,974513305 ± 0,000053788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5 ± 0,1 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

202Pt

Numri i masës202
numri i neutroneve124
relative atomic mass
201,975639 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
44 ± 15 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

203Pt

Numri i masës203
numri i neutroneve125
relative atomic mass
202,979055 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
22 ± 4 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2008
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

204Pt

Numri i masës204
numri i neutroneve126
relative atomic mass
203,981084 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,3 ± 1,4 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2008
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

205Pt

Numri i masës205
numri i neutroneve127
relative atomic mass
204,986237 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)

206Pt

Numri i masës206
numri i neutroneve128
relative atomic mass
205,99008 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

207Pt

Numri i masës207
numri i neutroneve129
relative atomic mass
206,995556 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

208Pt

Numri i masës208
numri i neutroneve130
relative atomic mass
207,999463 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Platinum crystals

historia

zbuluesJulius Scaliger
vendndodhja e zbulimitItaly
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1735
EtimologjiaSpanish: platina (little silver).
pronunciationPLAT-n-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,005 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000098 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.506
2p4.4746
2s20.3702
3d13.5027
3p22.1139
3s23.0157
4d37.37
4f38.494
4p35.2696
4s34.3612
5d58.5925
5p53.5805
5s51.412
6s67.2486