Platina

Platina (Pt)

chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78
Atomic Number78
Atomic Weight195.084
mass number195
Group10
Period6
Blockd
Proton78 p+
Neytron117 n0
Elektron78 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pt (Platina)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
135 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
123 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
Ion radiuslar
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
213 pm
density
21,5 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Platina0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,95883 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pt (Platina)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
470 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
21,76 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
565,7 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
Bohr model: Pt (Platina)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Pt (Platina)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d9 6s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Pt (Platina)
Orbital Diagram of Pt (Platina)
Oksidlanish darajasi-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektrmanfiylik
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
2,249320350691278 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4 098,15 K
Melting Point
2 041,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Rang
Gray
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
71,6 W/(m K)
Issiqlikdan kengayish
0,0000089 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,133 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
9,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000011 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000122 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000238 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0002573
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
Néel temperature
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
Kristall panjara davri
3,92 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
3,5 MPa
bulk modulus
230 GPa
shear modulus
61 GPa
Yung moduli
168 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,38
Tovush tezligi
2 680 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number64
Mendeleev Number69
Pettifor Number68
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
10
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,002
Atom kvant sonlari3D3
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Platinum

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition19432.86%19432.86%19533.78%19533.78%19625.21%19625.21%1987.36%1987.36%1900.01%1900.01%1920.78%1920.78%

165Pt

mass number165
neutron number87
Nisbiy atom massa
164,999658 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
370 ± 180 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2019
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

166Pt

mass number166
neutron number88
Nisbiy atom massa
165,994866 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
294 ± 62 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

167Pt

mass number167
neutron number89
Nisbiy atom massa
166,99275 ± 0,000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
915 ± 123 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

168Pt

mass number168
neutron number90
Nisbiy atom massa
167,988180196 ± 0,00016096 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,02 ± 0,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

169Pt

mass number169
neutron number91
Nisbiy atom massa
168,986619 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6,99 ± 0,09 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

170Pt

mass number170
neutron number92
Nisbiy atom massa
169,982502087 ± 0,000019588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
13,93 ± 0,16 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

171Pt

mass number171
neutron number93
Nisbiy atom massa
170,981248868 ± 0,000086904 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
45,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Pt

mass number172
neutron number94
Nisbiy atom massa
171,977341059 ± 0,000011139 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
97,6 ± 1,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)96%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Pt

mass number173
neutron number95
Nisbiy atom massa
172,976449922 ± 0,000068096 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
382 ± 2 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

174Pt

mass number174
neutron number96
Nisbiy atom massa
173,972820431 ± 0,000011098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
862 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)74.9%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Pt

mass number175
neutron number97
Nisbiy atom massa
174,972400593 ± 0,000019982 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,43 ± 0,04 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Pt

mass number176
neutron number98
Nisbiy atom massa
175,968938162 ± 0,000013647 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6,33 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

177Pt

mass number177
neutron number99
Nisbiy atom massa
176,968469541 ± 0,00001609 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
10 ± 0,4 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.3%
α (α emission)5.7%

178Pt

mass number178
neutron number100
Nisbiy atom massa
177,965649288 ± 0,000010878 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
20,7 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.3%
α (α emission)7.7%

179Pt

mass number179
neutron number101
Nisbiy atom massa
178,965358742 ± 0,000008563 Da
g-factor
0,86 ± 0,06
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
21,2 ± 0,4 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.24%

180Pt

mass number180
neutron number102
Nisbiy atom massa
179,96303801 ± 0,00001079 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
56 ± 3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.48%
α (α emission)0.52%

181Pt

mass number181
neutron number103
Nisbiy atom massa
180,963089946 ± 0,000014695 Da
g-factor
0,96 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
52 ± 2,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.074%

182Pt

mass number182
neutron number104
Nisbiy atom massa
181,961171605 ± 0,000014057 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,67 ± 0,12 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.962%
α (α emission)0.038%

183Pt

mass number183
neutron number105
Nisbiy atom massa
182,961595895 ± 0,000015261 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6,5 ± 1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0096%

184Pt

mass number184
neutron number106
Nisbiy atom massa
183,959921929 ± 0,000015828 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
17,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0017%

185Pt

mass number185
neutron number107
Nisbiy atom massa
184,960613659 ± 0,000027731 Da
g-factor
-0,16 ± 0,0024444444444444
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
70,9 ± 2,4 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.005%

186Pt

mass number186
neutron number108
Nisbiy atom massa
185,959350845 ± 0,000023344 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,08 ± 0,05 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1.4%

187Pt

mass number187
neutron number109
Nisbiy atom massa
186,960616646 ± 0,000025837 Da
g-factor
-0,26466666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,35 ± 0,03 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1961
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

188Pt

mass number188
neutron number110
Nisbiy atom massa
187,959397521 ± 0,000005694 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
10,16 ± 0,18 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)2.6%

189Pt

mass number189
neutron number111
Nisbiy atom massa
188,960848485 ± 0,000010832 Da
g-factor
-0,292 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
10,87 ± 0,12 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

190Pt

mass number190
neutron number112
Nisbiy atom massa
189,959949823 ± 0,000000705 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,012 ± 0,002
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
483 ± 3 Gy
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

191Pt

mass number191
neutron number113
Nisbiy atom massa
190,961676261 ± 0,00000443 Da
g-factor
-0,33266666666667 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,83 ± 0,02 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

192Pt

mass number192
neutron number114
Nisbiy atom massa
191,961042667 ± 0,000002758 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,782 ± 0,024
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

193Pt

mass number193
neutron number115
Nisbiy atom massa
192,962984546 ± 0,000001458 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,016
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
50 ± 6 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

194Pt

mass number194
neutron number116
Nisbiy atom massa
193,962683498 ± 0,000000532 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,864 ± 0,41
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity+

195Pt

mass number195
neutron number117
Nisbiy atom massa
194,964794325 ± 0,00000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
33,775 ± 0,24
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

196Pt

mass number196
neutron number118
Nisbiy atom massa
195,964954648 ± 0,000000547 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
25,211 ± 0,34
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity+

197Pt

mass number197
neutron number119
Nisbiy atom massa
196,96734303 ± 0,000000575 Da
g-factor
1,02 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
19,8915 ± 0,0019 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

198Pt

mass number198
neutron number120
Nisbiy atom massa
197,967896718 ± 0,000002254 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
7,356 ± 0,13
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

199Pt

mass number199
neutron number121
Nisbiy atom massa
198,970597022 ± 0,000002317 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
30,8 ± 0,21 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

200Pt

mass number200
neutron number122
Nisbiy atom massa
199,971444609 ± 0,000021588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
12,6 ± 0,3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

201Pt

mass number201
neutron number123
Nisbiy atom massa
200,974513305 ± 0,000053788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,5 ± 0,1 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

202Pt

mass number202
neutron number124
Nisbiy atom massa
201,975639 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
44 ± 15 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

203Pt

mass number203
neutron number125
Nisbiy atom massa
202,979055 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
22 ± 4 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Pt

mass number204
neutron number126
Nisbiy atom massa
203,981084 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
10,3 ± 1,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

205Pt

mass number205
neutron number127
Nisbiy atom massa
204,986237 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

206Pt

mass number206
neutron number128
Nisbiy atom massa
205,99008 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

207Pt

mass number207
neutron number129
Nisbiy atom massa
206,995556 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

208Pt

mass number208
neutron number130
Nisbiy atom massa
207,999463 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Platinum crystals

tarix

discoverer or inventorJulius Scaliger
location of discoveryItaly
time of discovery or invention1735
EtimologiyaSpanish: platina (little silver).
pronunciationPLAT-n-em (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,005 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okean)
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0,000098 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.506
2p4.4746
2s20.3702
3d13.5027
3p22.1139
3s23.0157
4d37.37
4f38.494
4p35.2696
4s34.3612
5d58.5925
5p53.5805
5s51.412
6s67.2486