Rubidiy

Rubidiy (Rb)

chemical element with symbol Rb and atomic number 37
Atomic Number37
Atomic Weight85.4678
mass number85
Group1
Period5
Blocks
Proton37 p+
Neytron48 n0
Elektron37 e-
Animated Bohr model of Rb (Rubidiy)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
235 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
210 pm
Metallic Radius
216 pm
Ion radiuslar
152 pm
Crystal Radius
166 pm
Van der Waals radius
303 pm
density
1,53 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Rubidiy0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250260270280290300310pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,48592 eV/particle
ionization energy
4,177128 eV/particle
ionization energy of Rb (Rubidiy)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
75,8 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
2,2 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
80,9 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 18, 8, 1
Bohr model: Rb (Rubidiy)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Rb (Rubidiy)
electron configuration[Kr] 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Rb (Rubidiy)
Orbital Diagram of Rb (Rubidiy)
Oksidlanish darajasi-1, 1
Elektrmanfiylik
0.82
Electrophilicity Index
0,7363448717297969 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
961,15 K
Melting Point
312,45 K
critical pressure
16 MPa
critical temperature
2 093,15 K
triple point
312,41 K
appearance
Rang
Silver
appearancegrey white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
58,2 W/(m K)
Issiqlikdan kengayish
molar heat capacity
31,06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,363 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
8,3 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000012 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000026 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000222 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,00000398
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
Néel temperature
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
Kristall panjara davri
5,59 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
0,3 MPa
bulk modulus
2,5 GPa
shear modulus
Yung moduli
2,4 GPa
Poisson's ratio
Tovush tezligi
1 300 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryAlkali metals, Alkali metals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number9
Mendeleev Number4
Pettifor Number9
Geochemical Classalkali metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
319,8 ± 0,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
4 769 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,38
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0003
Atom kvant sonlari2S1/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Rubidium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes33
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition8572.17%8572.17%8727.83%8727.83%

71Rb

mass number71
neutron number34
Nisbiy atom massa
70,965335 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

72Rb

mass number72
neutron number35
Nisbiy atom massa
71,958851 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
103 ± 22 ns
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

73Rb

mass number73
neutron number36
Nisbiy atom massa
72,950604506 ± 0,000043794 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)100%

74Rb

mass number74
neutron number37
Nisbiy atom massa
73,944265867 ± 0,000003249 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
64,78 ± 0,03 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

75Rb

mass number75
neutron number38
Nisbiy atom massa
74,9385732 ± 0,000001266 Da
g-factor
0,386 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
19 ± 1,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,04
time of discovery or invention1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

76Rb

mass number76
neutron number39
Nisbiy atom massa
75,935073031 ± 0,000001006 Da
g-factor
-0,372552 ± 0,000011
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
36,5 ± 0,6 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,41 ± 0,09
time of discovery or invention1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)3.8%

77Rb

mass number77
neutron number40
Nisbiy atom massa
76,930401599 ± 0,0000014 Da
g-factor
0,43622666666667 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,78 ± 0,04 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,84 ± 0,17
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

78Rb

mass number78
neutron number41
Nisbiy atom massa
77,928141866 ± 0,000003475 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
17,66 ± 0,03 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

79Rb

mass number79
neutron number42
Nisbiy atom massa
78,923990095 ± 0,000002085 Da
g-factor
1,34292 ± 0,00048
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
22,9 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,12 ± 0,04
time of discovery or invention1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

80Rb

mass number80
neutron number43
Nisbiy atom massa
79,922516442 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
-0,0833 ± 0,0007
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
33,4 ± 0,7 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,42 ± 0,08
time of discovery or invention1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Rb

mass number81
neutron number44
Nisbiy atom massa
80,9189939 ± 0,000005265 Da
g-factor
1,3727333333333 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
4,572 ± 0,004 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,48 ± 0,1
time of discovery or invention1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

82Rb

mass number82
neutron number45
Nisbiy atom massa
81,918209023 ± 0,00000323 Da
g-factor
0,554403 ± 0,000016
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,2575 ± 0,0002 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,1
time of discovery or invention1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Rb

mass number83
neutron number46
Nisbiy atom massa
82,915114181 ± 0,0000025 Da
g-factor
0,56984 ± 0,00032
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
86,2 ± 0,1 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,24 ± 0,05
time of discovery or invention1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

84Rb

mass number84
neutron number47
Nisbiy atom massa
83,914375223 ± 0,000002355 Da
g-factor
-0,6625 ± 0,001
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
32,82 ± 0,07 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,02 ± 0,04
time of discovery or invention1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.1%
β (β decay)3.9%

85Rb

mass number85
neutron number48
Nisbiy atom massa
84,91178973604 ± 0,00000000537 Da
g-factor
0,541224 ± 0,000016
natural abundance
72,17 ± 0,02
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,276 ± 0,001
time of discovery or invention1921
parity-

86Rb

mass number86
neutron number49
Nisbiy atom massa
85,911167443 ± 0,000000214 Da
g-factor
-0,8487 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
18,645 ± 0,008 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,06
time of discovery or invention1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
ϵ (electron capture)0.0052%

87Rb

mass number87
neutron number50
Nisbiy atom massa
86,909180529 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
1,8341933333333 ± 0,000053333333333333
natural abundance
27,83 ± 0,02
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
49,7 ± 0,3 Gy
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1335 ± 0,0005
time of discovery or invention1921
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

88Rb

mass number88
neutron number51
Nisbiy atom massa
87,91131559 ± 0,00000017 Da
g-factor
0,253755 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
17,78 ± 0,03 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,01 ± 0,11
time of discovery or invention1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

89Rb

mass number89
neutron number52
Nisbiy atom massa
88,912278136 ± 0,000005825 Da
g-factor
1,5887333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
15,32 ± 0,1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,17 ± 0,03
time of discovery or invention1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

90Rb

mass number90
neutron number53
Nisbiy atom massa
89,914797557 ± 0,000006926 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
158 ± 5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

91Rb

mass number91
neutron number54
Nisbiy atom massa
90,916537261 ± 0,000008375 Da
g-factor
1,4540666666667 ± 0,001
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
58,2 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,19 ± 0,05
time of discovery or invention1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

92Rb

mass number92
neutron number55
Nisbiy atom massa
91,919728477 ± 0,000006573 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
4,48 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0107%

93Rb

mass number93
neutron number56
Nisbiy atom massa
92,922039334 ± 0,000008406 Da
g-factor
0,56368 ± 0,00064
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
5,84 ± 0,02 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,06
time of discovery or invention1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.39%

94Rb

mass number94
neutron number57
Nisbiy atom massa
93,926394819 ± 0,000002177 Da
g-factor
0,49936666666667 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,702 ± 0,005 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,07
time of discovery or invention1961
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10.3%

95Rb

mass number95
neutron number58
Nisbiy atom massa
94,929263849 ± 0,000021733 Da
g-factor
0,5332 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
377,7 ± 0,8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,26 ± 0,09
time of discovery or invention1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8.7%

96Rb

mass number96
neutron number59
Nisbiy atom massa
95,934133398 ± 0,000003599 Da
g-factor
0,73275 ± 0,00085
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
201,5 ± 0,9 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,3 ± 0,09
time of discovery or invention1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)13.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)

97Rb

mass number97
neutron number60
Nisbiy atom massa
96,937177117 ± 0,000002052 Da
g-factor
1,2266666666667 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
169,1 ± 0,6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,7
time of discovery or invention1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)25.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

98Rb

mass number98
neutron number61
Nisbiy atom massa
97,941632317 ± 0,000017265 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
115 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.054%

99Rb

mass number99
neutron number62
Nisbiy atom massa
98,94511919 ± 0,000004327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
54 ± 4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

100Rb

mass number100
neutron number63
Nisbiy atom massa
99,950331532 ± 0,000014089 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
51,3 ± 1,6 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.15%

101Rb

mass number101
neutron number64
Nisbiy atom massa
100,954302 ± 0,000022 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
31,8 ± 3,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)

102Rb

mass number102
neutron number65
Nisbiy atom massa
101,960008 ± 0,000089 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
37 ± 4 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)65%
2n (2-neutron emission)

103Rb

mass number103
neutron number66
Nisbiy atom massa
102,964401 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
26 ± 11 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

104Rb

mass number104
neutron number67
Nisbiy atom massa
103,970531 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
RbMetal.JPG

tarix

discoverer or inventorR. Bunsen, G. Kirchoff
location of discoveryGermany
time of discovery or invention1861
EtimologiyaLatin: rubidus (deep red); the color its salts impart to flames.
pronunciationroo-BID-i-em (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Okean)
0,12 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
0,00046 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0,00032 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,000003 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.7922
2p3.9612
2s9.8432
3d15.3208
3p15.6967
3s15.1573
4p26.1192
4s24.612
5s32.0155