Rhenium

Rhenium (Re)

chemical element with symbol Re and atomic number 75
Atomic Number75
Atomic Weight186.207
Massagetal187
Group7
Period6
Blockd
proton75 p+
neutron112 n0
elektron75 e-
Animated Bohr model of Re (Rhenium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
131 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
Ioonradius
63 pm
Crystal Radius
77 pm
Van der Waals radius
216 pm
density
20,8 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Rhenium020406080100120140160180200220pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,83352 eV/particle
ionization energy of Re (Rhenium)
Verdampingswarmte
704 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
Vormingsentalpie
774 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 32, 13, 2
Bohr model: Re (Rhenium)
Valenselektrone2
Lewisteorie: Re (Rhenium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d5 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Re (Rhenium)
Orbital Diagram of Re (Rhenium)
Oksidasietoestand-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1,0369041726708592 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
5 863,15 K
Melting Point
3 458,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Gray
appearancesilvery-grayish
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000062 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,48 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,137 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
5,6 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000018 m Ω
superconductivity
1,7 K
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000000456 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000849 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000959
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,76 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
7 MPa
Massamodulus
370 GPa
Skuifmodulus
178 GPa
Young se modulus
463 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,3
Spoed van klank
4 700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIA
IUPAC GroupVIIB
Glawe Number58
Mendeleev Number57
Pettifor Number59
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
62 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
90
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,016
quantum number6S5/2
Ruimtegroep194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Rhenium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes40
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition18762.60%18762.60%18537.40%18537.40%

159Re

Massagetal159
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
158,984106 ± 0,000327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2006
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)

160Re

Massagetal160
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
159,98188 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
611 ± 7 us
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)89%
α (α emission)11%

161Re

Massagetal161
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
160,977624313 ± 0,00016093 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
440 ± 1 us
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
α (α emission)

162Re

Massagetal162
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
161,975896 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
107 ± 13 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

163Re

Massagetal163
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
162,972085434 ± 0,000019897 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
390 ± 70 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)32%

164Re

Massagetal164
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
163,970507122 ± 0,000058566 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
719 ± 89 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

165Re

Massagetal165
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
164,967085831 ± 0,000025328 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,6 ± 0,6 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86%
α (α emission)14%

166Re

Massagetal166
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
165,965821216 ± 0,000094731 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,25 ± 0,21 s
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

167Re

Massagetal167
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
166,962604 ± 0,000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,4 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

168Re

Massagetal168
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
167,961572607 ± 0,000033087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,4 ± 0,1 s
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.005%

169Re

Massagetal169
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
168,958765979 ± 0,000012204 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,1 ± 0,5 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)0.005%

170Re

Massagetal170
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
169,958234844 ± 0,000012267 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171Re

Massagetal171
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
170,955716 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15,2 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172Re

Massagetal172
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
171,955376165 ± 0,000038183 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
55 ± 5 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173Re

Massagetal173
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
172,953243 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1986
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

174Re

Massagetal174
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
173,953115 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,4 ± 0,04 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175Re

Massagetal175
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
174,951381 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,89 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

176Re

Massagetal176
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
175,951623 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,3 ± 0,3 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

177Re

Massagetal177
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
176,950328 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14 ± 1 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

178Re

Massagetal178
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
177,950989 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
13,2 ± 0,2 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

179Re

Massagetal179
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
178,949989686 ± 0,00002645 Da
g-factor
1,12 ± 0,16
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
19,5 ± 0,1 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

180Re

Massagetal180
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
179,950791568 ± 0,000022965 Da
g-factor
1,6 ± 0,2
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,46 ± 0,03 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

181Re

Massagetal181
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
180,950061507 ± 0,000013471 Da
g-factor
1,276 ± 0,028
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
19,9 ± 0,7 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

182Re

Massagetal182
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
181,95121156 ± 0,000109483 Da
g-factor
0,40571428571429 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
64,2 ± 0,5 h
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

183Re

Massagetal183
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
182,950821306 ± 0,000008625 Da
g-factor
1,2632 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
70 ± 1,4 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

184Re

Massagetal184
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
183,952528073 ± 0,00000459 Da
g-factor
0,84333333333333 ± 0,016666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
35,4 ± 0,7 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

185Re

Massagetal185
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
184,95295832 ± 0,000000879 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
37,4 ± 0,05
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,07 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1931
parity+

186Re

Massagetal186
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
185,954989172 ± 0,00000088 Da
g-factor
1,734 ± 0,003
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,7185 ± 0,0005 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)92.53%
ϵ (electron capture)7.47%

187Re

Massagetal187
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
186,955752217 ± 0,000000791 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
62,6 ± 0,05
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
41,6 ± 0,02 Gy
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,94 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1931
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0%

188Re

Massagetal188
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
187,958113658 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
1,783 ± 0,005
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
17,005 ± 0,003 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

189Re

Massagetal189
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
188,959227764 ± 0,000008793 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
24,3 ± 0,4 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

190Re

Massagetal190
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
189,961800064 ± 0,000005227 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3 ± 0,2 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

191Re

Massagetal191
neutron number116
relative atomic mass
190,963123322 ± 0,000011019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,8 ± 0,5 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

192Re

Massagetal192
neutron number117
relative atomic mass
191,966088 ± 0,000076 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15,4 ± 0,5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

193Re

Massagetal193
neutron number118
relative atomic mass
192,967545 ± 0,000042 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

194Re

Massagetal194
neutron number119
relative atomic mass
193,970735 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5 ± 1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

195Re

Massagetal195
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
194,97256 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

196Re

Massagetal196
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
195,975996 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,4 ± 1,5 s
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2008
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

197Re

Massagetal197
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
196,978153 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

198Re

Massagetal198
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
197,98176 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

199Re

Massagetal199
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
198,984187 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Rhenium single crystal bar and 1cm3 cube

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurWalter Noddack, Ida Tacke, Otto Berg
ligging van ontdekkingGermany
ontdekkingsdatum1925
etimologieLatin: Rhenus, the Rhine River.
uitspraakREE-ni-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0007 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,0000049 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,00000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.4522
2p4.438
2s19.5902
3d13.5453
3p21.5655
3s22.3515
4d36.9456
4f39.0752
4p34.6268
4s33.6436
5d57.617
5p52.856
5s50.643
6s64.884