Renium

Renium (Re)

chemical element with symbol Re and atomic number 75
Atomic Number75
Atomic Weight186.207
Nombor jisim187
Group7
Period6
Blockd
proton75 p+
neutron112 n0
Elektron75 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Re (Renium)

Properties

sifat fizikal
Jejari atom
135 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
131 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
ionic radius
63 pm
Crystal Radius
77 pm
Jejari van der Waals
216 pm
ketumpatan
20.8 g/cm³
tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
7.83352 eV/particle
ionization energy of Re (Renium)
Entalpi pengewapan
704 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
standard enthalpy of formation
774 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 32, 13, 2
Model Bohr: Re (Renium)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Re (Renium)
tatarajah elektron[Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d5 6s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Re (Renium)
Orbital Diagram of Re (Renium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Keelektronegatifan
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1.0369041726708592 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
5,863.15 K
Melting Point
3,458.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Gray
rupasilvery-grayish
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
0.0000062 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.48 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.137 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
5.6 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000018 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
1.7 K
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.00000000456 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000000849 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0000959
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2.76 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
7 MPa
Modulus pukal
370 GPa
shear modulus
178 GPa
Young's modulus
463 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.3
Kelajuan bunyi
4,700 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIA
IUPAC GroupVIIB
Glawe Number58
Mendeleev Number57
Pettifor Number59
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile
other
Gas Basicity
polarizability
62 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
90
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.016
Nombor kuantum6S5/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Rhenium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes40
Radioactive Isotopes40
Isotopic Composition18762.60%18762.60%18537.40%18537.40%

159Re

Nombor jisim159
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
158.984106 ± 0.000327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2006
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)

160Re

Nombor jisim160
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
159.98188 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
611 ± 7 us
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1992
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)89%
α (α emission)11%

161Re

Nombor jisim161
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
160.977624313 ± 0.00016093 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
440 ± 1 us
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1979
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)100%
α (α emission)

162Re

Nombor jisim162
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
161.975896 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
107 ± 13 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

163Re

Nombor jisim163
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
162.972085434 ± 0.000019897 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
390 ± 70 ms
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1979
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)32%

164Re

Nombor jisim164
nombor neutron89
jisim atom relatif
163.970507122 ± 0.000058566 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
719 ± 89 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

165Re

Nombor jisim165
nombor neutron90
jisim atom relatif
164.967085831 ± 0.000025328 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.6 ± 0.6 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86%
α (α emission)14%

166Re

Nombor jisim166
nombor neutron91
jisim atom relatif
165.965821216 ± 0.000094731 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.25 ± 0.21 s
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1978
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

167Re

Nombor jisim167
nombor neutron92
jisim atom relatif
166.962604 ± 0.000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.4 ± 0.4 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1992
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

168Re

Nombor jisim168
nombor neutron93
jisim atom relatif
167.961572607 ± 0.000033087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.4 ± 0.1 s
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1992
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.005%

169Re

Nombor jisim169
nombor neutron94
jisim atom relatif
168.958765979 ± 0.000012204 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.1 ± 0.5 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1978
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)0.005%

170Re

Nombor jisim170
nombor neutron95
jisim atom relatif
169.958234844 ± 0.000012267 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1974
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171Re

Nombor jisim171
nombor neutron96
jisim atom relatif
170.955716 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
15.2 ± 0.4 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1987
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172Re

Nombor jisim172
nombor neutron97
jisim atom relatif
171.955376165 ± 0.000038183 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
55 ± 5 s
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173Re

Nombor jisim173
nombor neutron98
jisim atom relatif
172.953243 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2 ± 0.3 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1986
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

174Re

Nombor jisim174
nombor neutron99
jisim atom relatif
173.953115 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.4 ± 0.04 m
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1972
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175Re

Nombor jisim175
nombor neutron100
jisim atom relatif
174.951381 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.89 ± 0.05 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1967
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

176Re

Nombor jisim176
nombor neutron101
jisim atom relatif
175.951623 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.3 ± 0.3 m
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1967
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

177Re

Nombor jisim177
nombor neutron102
jisim atom relatif
176.950328 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
14 ± 1 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1957
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

178Re

Nombor jisim178
nombor neutron103
jisim atom relatif
177.950989 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
13.2 ± 0.2 m
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1957
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

179Re

Nombor jisim179
nombor neutron104
jisim atom relatif
178.949989686 ± 0.00002645 Da
g-factor
1.12 ± 0.16
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19.5 ± 0.1 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1960
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

180Re

Nombor jisim180
nombor neutron105
jisim atom relatif
179.950791568 ± 0.000022965 Da
g-factor
1.6 ± 0.2
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.46 ± 0.03 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1955
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

181Re

Nombor jisim181
nombor neutron106
jisim atom relatif
180.950061507 ± 0.000013471 Da
g-factor
1.276 ± 0.028
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19.9 ± 0.7 h
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1957
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

182Re

Nombor jisim182
nombor neutron107
jisim atom relatif
181.95121156 ± 0.000109483 Da
g-factor
0.40571428571429 ± 0.0085714285714286
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
64.2 ± 0.5 h
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1950
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

183Re

Nombor jisim183
nombor neutron108
jisim atom relatif
182.950821306 ± 0.000008625 Da
g-factor
1.2632 ± 0.006
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
70 ± 1.4 d
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1950
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

184Re

Nombor jisim184
nombor neutron109
jisim atom relatif
183.952528073 ± 0.00000459 Da
g-factor
0.84333333333333 ± 0.016666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
35.4 ± 0.7 d
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1940
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

185Re

Nombor jisim185
nombor neutron110
jisim atom relatif
184.95295832 ± 0.000000879 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
37.4 ± 0.05
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.07 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1931
parity+

186Re

Nombor jisim186
nombor neutron111
jisim atom relatif
185.954989172 ± 0.00000088 Da
g-factor
1.734 ± 0.003
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.7185 ± 0.0005 d
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1939
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)92.53%
ϵ (electron capture)7.47%

187Re

Nombor jisim187
nombor neutron112
jisim atom relatif
186.955752217 ± 0.000000791 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
62.6 ± 0.05
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
41.6 ± 0.02 Gy
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.94 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1931
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0%

188Re

Nombor jisim188
nombor neutron113
jisim atom relatif
187.958113658 ± 0.000000792 Da
g-factor
1.783 ± 0.005
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
17.005 ± 0.003 h
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1939
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

189Re

Nombor jisim189
nombor neutron114
jisim atom relatif
188.959227764 ± 0.000008793 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
24.3 ± 0.4 h
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1963
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

190Re

Nombor jisim190
nombor neutron115
jisim atom relatif
189.961800064 ± 0.000005227 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3 ± 0.2 m
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1955
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

191Re

Nombor jisim191
nombor neutron116
jisim atom relatif
190.963123322 ± 0.000011019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.8 ± 0.5 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1963
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

192Re

Nombor jisim192
nombor neutron117
jisim atom relatif
191.966088 ± 0.000076 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
15.4 ± 0.5 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1965
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

193Re

Nombor jisim193
nombor neutron118
jisim atom relatif
192.967545 ± 0.000042 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

194Re

Nombor jisim194
nombor neutron119
jisim atom relatif
193.970735 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5 ± 1 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

195Re

Nombor jisim195
nombor neutron120
jisim atom relatif
194.97256 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6 ± 1 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2008
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

196Re

Nombor jisim196
nombor neutron121
jisim atom relatif
195.975996 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.4 ± 1.5 s
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2008
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

197Re

Nombor jisim197
nombor neutron122
jisim atom relatif
196.978153 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2009
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

198Re

Nombor jisim198
nombor neutron123
jisim atom relatif
197.98176 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2009
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

199Re

Nombor jisim199
nombor neutron124
jisim atom relatif
198.984187 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
Rhenium single crystal bar and 1cm3 cube

sejarah

penemu atau perekaWalter Noddack, Ida Tacke, Otto Berg
tempat penemuanGermany
tarikh penemuan1925
EtimologiLatin: Rhenus, the Rhine River.
sebutanREE-ni-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.0007 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.000004 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.0000049 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.00000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.4522
2p4.438
2s19.5902
3d13.5453
3p21.5655
3s22.3515
4d36.9456
4f39.0752
4p34.6268
4s33.6436
5d57.617
5p52.856
5s50.643
6s64.884