Renium, ²Rheniumi

Renium, ²Rheniumi (Re)

chemical element with symbol Re and atomic number 75
Atomic Number75
Atomic Weight186.207
Numri i masës187
Group7
Period6
Blockd
protoni75 p+
neutroni112 n0
elektroni75 e-
Animated Bohr model of Re (Renium, ²Rheniumi)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
131 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
ionic radius
63 pm
Crystal Radius
77 pm
Van der Waals radius
216 pm
density
20,8 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Renium, ²Rheniumi020406080100120140160180200220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,83352 eV/particle
ionization energy of Re (Renium, ²Rheniumi)
enthalpy of vaporization
704 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
774 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 13, 2
Bohr model: Re (Renium, ²Rheniumi)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Re (Renium, ²Rheniumi)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d5 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Re (Renium, ²Rheniumi)
Orbital Diagram of Re (Renium, ²Rheniumi)
oxidation number-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegativiteti
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1,0369041726708592 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
5 863,15 K
Melting Point
3 458,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Gray
appearancesilvery-grayish
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000062 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,48 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,137 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
5,6 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000018 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
1,7 K
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000000456 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000849 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000959
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,76 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
7 MPa
bulk modulus
370 GPa
shear modulus
178 GPa
Young's modulus
463 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,3
Shpejtësia e zërit
4 700 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIA
IUPAC GroupVIIB
Glawe Number58
Mendeleev Number57
Pettifor Number59
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
62 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
90
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,016
numër kuantik6S5/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Rhenium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes40
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition18762.60%18762.60%18537.40%18537.40%

159Re

Numri i masës159
numri i neutroneve84
relative atomic mass
158,984106 ± 0,000327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2006
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)

160Re

Numri i masës160
numri i neutroneve85
relative atomic mass
159,98188 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
611 ± 7 us
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)89%
α (α emission)11%

161Re

Numri i masës161
numri i neutroneve86
relative atomic mass
160,977624313 ± 0,00016093 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
440 ± 1 us
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%
α (α emission)

162Re

Numri i masës162
numri i neutroneve87
relative atomic mass
161,975896 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
107 ± 13 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

163Re

Numri i masës163
numri i neutroneve88
relative atomic mass
162,972085434 ± 0,000019897 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
390 ± 70 ms
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)32%

164Re

Numri i masës164
numri i neutroneve89
relative atomic mass
163,970507122 ± 0,000058566 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
719 ± 89 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

165Re

Numri i masës165
numri i neutroneve90
relative atomic mass
164,967085831 ± 0,000025328 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,6 ± 0,6 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86%
α (α emission)14%

166Re

Numri i masës166
numri i neutroneve91
relative atomic mass
165,965821216 ± 0,000094731 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,25 ± 0,21 s
Spini7
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1978
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

167Re

Numri i masës167
numri i neutroneve92
relative atomic mass
166,962604 ± 0,000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,4 ± 0,4 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

168Re

Numri i masës168
numri i neutroneve93
relative atomic mass
167,961572607 ± 0,000033087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,4 ± 0,1 s
Spini7
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.005%

169Re

Numri i masës169
numri i neutroneve94
relative atomic mass
168,958765979 ± 0,000012204 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,1 ± 0,5 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1978
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)0.005%

170Re

Numri i masës170
numri i neutroneve95
relative atomic mass
169,958234844 ± 0,000012267 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini8
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1974
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171Re

Numri i masës171
numri i neutroneve96
relative atomic mass
170,955716 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,2 ± 0,4 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172Re

Numri i masës172
numri i neutroneve97
relative atomic mass
171,955376165 ± 0,000038183 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55 ± 5 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173Re

Numri i masës173
numri i neutroneve98
relative atomic mass
172,953243 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2 ± 0,3 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1986
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

174Re

Numri i masës174
numri i neutroneve99
relative atomic mass
173,953115 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,04 m
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175Re

Numri i masës175
numri i neutroneve100
relative atomic mass
174,951381 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,89 ± 0,05 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1967
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

176Re

Numri i masës176
numri i neutroneve101
relative atomic mass
175,951623 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,3 ± 0,3 m
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1967
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

177Re

Numri i masës177
numri i neutroneve102
relative atomic mass
176,950328 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14 ± 1 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

178Re

Numri i masës178
numri i neutroneve103
relative atomic mass
177,950989 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,2 ± 0,2 m
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

179Re

Numri i masës179
numri i neutroneve104
relative atomic mass
178,949989686 ± 0,00002645 Da
g-factor
1,12 ± 0,16
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,5 ± 0,1 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

180Re

Numri i masës180
numri i neutroneve105
relative atomic mass
179,950791568 ± 0,000022965 Da
g-factor
1,6 ± 0,2
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,46 ± 0,03 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

181Re

Numri i masës181
numri i neutroneve106
relative atomic mass
180,950061507 ± 0,000013471 Da
g-factor
1,276 ± 0,028
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,9 ± 0,7 h
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

182Re

Numri i masës182
numri i neutroneve107
relative atomic mass
181,95121156 ± 0,000109483 Da
g-factor
0,40571428571429 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64,2 ± 0,5 h
Spini7
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

183Re

Numri i masës183
numri i neutroneve108
relative atomic mass
182,950821306 ± 0,000008625 Da
g-factor
1,2632 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70 ± 1,4 d
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

184Re

Numri i masës184
numri i neutroneve109
relative atomic mass
183,952528073 ± 0,00000459 Da
g-factor
0,84333333333333 ± 0,016666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,4 ± 0,7 d
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

185Re

Numri i masës185
numri i neutroneve110
relative atomic mass
184,95295832 ± 0,000000879 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
37,4 ± 0,05
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,07 ± 0,05
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1931
parity+

186Re

Numri i masës186
numri i neutroneve111
relative atomic mass
185,954989172 ± 0,00000088 Da
g-factor
1,734 ± 0,003
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,7185 ± 0,0005 d
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1939
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)92.53%
ϵ (electron capture)7.47%

187Re

Numri i masës187
numri i neutroneve112
relative atomic mass
186,955752217 ± 0,000000791 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
62,6 ± 0,05
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
41,6 ± 0,02 Gy
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,94 ± 0,05
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1931
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0%

188Re

Numri i masës188
numri i neutroneve113
relative atomic mass
187,958113658 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
1,783 ± 0,005
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,005 ± 0,003 h
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1939
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

189Re

Numri i masës189
numri i neutroneve114
relative atomic mass
188,959227764 ± 0,000008793 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24,3 ± 0,4 h
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

190Re

Numri i masës190
numri i neutroneve115
relative atomic mass
189,961800064 ± 0,000005227 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3 ± 0,2 m
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

191Re

Numri i masës191
numri i neutroneve116
relative atomic mass
190,963123322 ± 0,000011019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,8 ± 0,5 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

192Re

Numri i masës192
numri i neutroneve117
relative atomic mass
191,966088 ± 0,000076 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,4 ± 0,5 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1965
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

193Re

Numri i masës193
numri i neutroneve118
relative atomic mass
192,967545 ± 0,000042 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)

194Re

Numri i masës194
numri i neutroneve119
relative atomic mass
193,970735 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5 ± 1 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

195Re

Numri i masës195
numri i neutroneve120
relative atomic mass
194,97256 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6 ± 1 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2008
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

196Re

Numri i masës196
numri i neutroneve121
relative atomic mass
195,975996 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 1,5 s
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2008
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)

197Re

Numri i masës197
numri i neutroneve122
relative atomic mass
196,978153 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)

198Re

Numri i masës198
numri i neutroneve123
relative atomic mass
197,98176 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

199Re

Numri i masës199
numri i neutroneve124
relative atomic mass
198,984187 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
Rhenium single crystal bar and 1cm3 cube

historia

zbuluesWalter Noddack, Ida Tacke, Otto Berg
vendndodhja e zbulimitGermany
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1925
EtimologjiaLatin: Rhenus, the Rhine River.
pronunciationREE-ni-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0007 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0000049 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,00000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.4522
2p4.438
2s19.5902
3d13.5453
3p21.5655
3s22.3515
4d36.9456
4f39.0752
4p34.6268
4s33.6436
5d57.617
5p52.856
5s50.643
6s64.884