Rodyûm

Rodyûm (Rh)

chemical element with symbol Rh and atomic number 45
Atomic Number45
Atomic Weight102.9055
Hejmara baristeyî103
Group9
Period5
Blockd
Proton45 p+
Notron58 n0
Kareva45 e-
Animated Bohr model of Rh (Rodyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
125 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
ionic radius
66,5 pm
Crystal Radius
80,5 pm
Van der Waals radius
210 pm
density
12,4 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Rodyûm0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
768 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Rh (Rodyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
494 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
21,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
556 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 16, 1
Bohr model: Rh (Rodyûm)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Rh (Rodyûm)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d8 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d8 5s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Rh (Rodyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Rh (Rodyûm)
oxidation number-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
electronegativity
2.28
Electrophilicity Index
1,4609827901817496 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.968,15 K
Melting Point
2.236,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery white metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,000008 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,98 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,243 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
23 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000004300000000003 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000136 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,0000000014 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0001693
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,8 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
6 MPa
bulk modulus
380 GPa
shear modulus
150 GPa
Young's modulus
275 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,26
Leza dengê
4.700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number63
Mendeleev Number64
Pettifor Number66
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
745,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
66 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
145
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,063
quantum number4F9/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Rhodium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes40
Natural Isotopes1

88Rh

Hejmara baristeyî88
neutron number43
Giraniya atomê
87,960429 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

89Rh

Hejmara baristeyî89
neutron number44
Giraniya atomê
88,950992 ± 0,000387 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

90Rh

Hejmara baristeyî90
neutron number45
Giraniya atomê
89,944569 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
29 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

91Rh

Hejmara baristeyî91
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
90,937123 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,47 ± 0,22 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.3%

92Rh

Hejmara baristeyî92
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
91,932367692 ± 0,0000047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,61 ± 0,08 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.05%

93Rh

Hejmara baristeyî93
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
92,925912778 ± 0,000002821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,9 ± 1,6 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

94Rh

Hejmara baristeyî94
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
93,92173045 ± 0,000003627 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70,6 ± 0,6 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.8%

95Rh

Hejmara baristeyî95
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
94,915897893 ± 0,000004171 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,02 ± 0,1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1967
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

96Rh

Hejmara baristeyî96
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
95,914451705 ± 0,000010737 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,9 ± 0,1 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

97Rh

Hejmara baristeyî97
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
96,911327872 ± 0,000038071 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,7 ± 0,6 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Rh

Hejmara baristeyî98
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
97,910707734 ± 0,000012782 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,72 ± 0,12 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

99Rh

Hejmara baristeyî99
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
98,908121241 ± 0,000020881 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,1 ± 0,2 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Rh

Hejmara baristeyî100
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
99,908114147 ± 0,000019458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,8 ± 0,1 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)95.1%
e+ (positron emission)4.9%

101Rh

Hejmara baristeyî101
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
100,906158903 ± 0,00000627 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,07 ± 0,05 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

102Rh

Hejmara baristeyî102
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
101,906834282 ± 0,00000688 Da
g-factor
0,25 ± 0,2
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
207 ± 1,5 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)78%
β (β decay)22%

103Rh

Hejmara baristeyî103
neutron number58
Giraniya atomê
102,905494081 ± 0,00000247 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity-

104Rh

Hejmara baristeyî104
neutron number59
Giraniya atomê
103,906645309 ± 0,000002471 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
42,3 ± 0,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.55%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.45%

105Rh

Hejmara baristeyî105
neutron number60
Giraniya atomê
104,905687787 ± 0,000002685 Da
g-factor
1,26 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,341 ± 0,019 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

106Rh

Hejmara baristeyî106
neutron number61
Giraniya atomê
105,907285879 ± 0,000005786 Da
g-factor
2,55 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,07 ± 0,35 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

107Rh

Hejmara baristeyî107
neutron number62
Giraniya atomê
106,906747975 ± 0,000012937 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,7 ± 0,4 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Rh

Hejmara baristeyî108
neutron number63
Giraniya atomê
107,908715304 ± 0,000015026 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,8 ± 0,5 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

109Rh

Hejmara baristeyî109
neutron number64
Giraniya atomê
108,908749555 ± 0,000004336 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
80,8 ± 0,7 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

110Rh

Hejmara baristeyî110
neutron number65
Giraniya atomê
109,911079745 ± 0,000019114 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,35 ± 0,12 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

111Rh

Hejmara baristeyî111
neutron number66
Giraniya atomê
110,911643164 ± 0,000007356 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11 ± 1 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

112Rh

Hejmara baristeyî112
neutron number67
Giraniya atomê
111,914405199 ± 0,000047327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,4 ± 0,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

113Rh

Hejmara baristeyî113
neutron number68
Giraniya atomê
112,915440212 ± 0,000007656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,8 ± 0,12 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Rh

Hejmara baristeyî114
neutron number69
Giraniya atomê
113,91872168 ± 0,000076824 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,85 ± 0,05 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1988
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

115Rh

Hejmara baristeyî115
neutron number70
Giraniya atomê
114,920311649 ± 0,000007857 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,03 ± 3 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1988
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

116Rh

Hejmara baristeyî116
neutron number71
Giraniya atomê
115,92406206 ± 0,000079261 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
685 ± 39 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.1%

117Rh

Hejmara baristeyî117
neutron number72
Giraniya atomê
116,926036291 ± 0,000009548 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
421 ± 30 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.6%

118Rh

Hejmara baristeyî118
neutron number73
Giraniya atomê
117,930341116 ± 0,000026018 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
282 ± 9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.1%

119Rh

Hejmara baristeyî119
neutron number74
Giraniya atomê
118,932556951 ± 0,00001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
190 ± 6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.4%

120Rh

Hejmara baristeyî120
neutron number75
Giraniya atomê
119,937069 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
129,6 ± 4,2 ms
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)9.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

121Rh

Hejmara baristeyî121
neutron number76
Giraniya atomê
120,939613 ± 0,000665 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
74 ± 4 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)11%

122Rh

Hejmara baristeyî122
neutron number77
Giraniya atomê
121,944305 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
51 ± 6 ms
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.9%
2n (2-neutron emission)

123Rh

Hejmara baristeyî123
neutron number78
Giraniya atomê
122,947192 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
42 ± 4 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24%
2n (2-neutron emission)

124Rh

Hejmara baristeyî124
neutron number79
Giraniya atomê
123,952002 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30 ± 2 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31%
2n (2-neutron emission)

125Rh

Hejmara baristeyî125
neutron number80
Giraniya atomê
124,955094 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,5 ± 2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

126Rh

Hejmara baristeyî126
neutron number81
Giraniya atomê
125,960064 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19 ± 3 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

127Rh

Hejmara baristeyî127
neutron number82
Giraniya atomê
126,963789 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28 ± 14 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2015
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

128Rh

Hejmara baristeyî128
neutron number83
Giraniya atomê
127,970649 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Rhodium powder pressed melted

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerWilliam Wollaston
location of discoveryEngland
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1803
BêjenasîGreek: rhodon (rose). Its salts give a rosy solution.
pronunciationRO-di-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,001 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000018 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9244
2p4.0596
2s11.8454
3d14.595
3p16.8456
3s16.5615
4d31.5576
4p27.8604
4s26.4184
5s38.3605