Rodium

Rodium (Rh)

chemical element with symbol Rh and atomic number 45
Atomic Number45
Atomic Weight102.9055
Nombor jisim103
Group9
Period5
Blockd
proton45 p+
neutron58 n0
Elektron45 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Rh (Rodium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
135 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
125 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
ionic radius
66.5 pm
Crystal Radius
80.5 pm
Jejari van der Waals
210 pm
ketumpatan
12.4 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Rodium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
768 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
ionization energy of Rh (Rodium)
Entalpi pengewapan
494 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
21.8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
556 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 16, 1
Model Bohr: Rh (Rodium)
Elektron valens1
Teori ion Lewis: Rh (Rodium)
tatarajah elektron[Kr] 4d8 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d8 5s1
Enhanced Model Bohr of Rh (Rodium)
Orbital Diagram of Rh (Rodium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Keelektronegatifan
2.28
Electrophilicity Index
1.4609827901817496 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,968.15 K
Melting Point
2,236.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery white metallic
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
0.000008 1/K
molar heat capacity
24.98 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.243 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
23 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000004300000000003 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000136 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.0000000014 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0001693
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3.8 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
6 MPa
Modulus pukal
380 GPa
shear modulus
150 GPa
Young's modulus
275 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.26
Kelajuan bunyi
4,700 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number63
Mendeleev Number64
Pettifor Number66
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
745.4 kJ/mol
polarizability
66 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
145
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.063
Nombor kuantum4F9/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Rhodium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes40
Natural Isotopes1

88Rh

Nombor jisim88
nombor neutron43
jisim atom relatif
87.960429 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

89Rh

Nombor jisim89
nombor neutron44
jisim atom relatif
88.950992 ± 0.000387 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

90Rh

Nombor jisim90
nombor neutron45
jisim atom relatif
89.944569 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
29 ± 3 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

91Rh

Nombor jisim91
nombor neutron46
jisim atom relatif
90.937123 ± 0.00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.47 ± 0.22 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.3%

92Rh

Nombor jisim92
nombor neutron47
jisim atom relatif
91.932367692 ± 0.0000047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.61 ± 0.08 s
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.05%

93Rh

Nombor jisim93
nombor neutron48
jisim atom relatif
92.925912778 ± 0.000002821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
13.9 ± 1.6 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

94Rh

Nombor jisim94
nombor neutron49
jisim atom relatif
93.92173045 ± 0.000003627 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
70.6 ± 0.6 s
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.8%

95Rh

Nombor jisim95
nombor neutron50
jisim atom relatif
94.915897893 ± 0.000004171 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.02 ± 0.1 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1967
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

96Rh

Nombor jisim96
nombor neutron51
jisim atom relatif
95.914451705 ± 0.000010737 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.9 ± 0.1 m
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1967
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

97Rh

Nombor jisim97
nombor neutron52
jisim atom relatif
96.911327872 ± 0.000038071 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
30.7 ± 0.6 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1955
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Rh

Nombor jisim98
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
97.910707734 ± 0.000012782 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.72 ± 0.12 m
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1955
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

99Rh

Nombor jisim99
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
98.908121241 ± 0.000020881 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
16.1 ± 0.2 d
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1952
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Rh

Nombor jisim100
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
99.908114147 ± 0.000019458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
20.8 ± 0.1 h
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1948
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)95.1%
e+ (positron emission)4.9%

101Rh

Nombor jisim101
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
100.906158903 ± 0.00000627 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.07 ± 0.05 y
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

102Rh

Nombor jisim102
nombor neutron57
jisim atom relatif
101.906834282 ± 0.00000688 Da
g-factor
0.25 ± 0.2
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
207 ± 1.5 d
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1941
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)78%
β (β decay)22%

103Rh

Nombor jisim103
nombor neutron58
jisim atom relatif
102.905494081 ± 0.00000247 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1934
parity-

104Rh

Nombor jisim104
nombor neutron59
jisim atom relatif
103.906645309 ± 0.000002471 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
42.3 ± 0.4 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1939
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)99.55%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.45%

105Rh

Nombor jisim105
nombor neutron60
jisim atom relatif
104.905687787 ± 0.000002685 Da
g-factor
1.26 ± 0.014285714285714
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
35.341 ± 0.019 h
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1945
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

106Rh

Nombor jisim106
nombor neutron61
jisim atom relatif
105.907285879 ± 0.000005786 Da
g-factor
2.55 ± 0.03
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
30.07 ± 0.35 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1947
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

107Rh

Nombor jisim107
nombor neutron62
jisim atom relatif
106.906747975 ± 0.000012937 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
21.7 ± 0.4 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

108Rh

Nombor jisim108
nombor neutron63
jisim atom relatif
107.908715304 ± 0.000015026 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
16.8 ± 0.5 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1955
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

109Rh

Nombor jisim109
nombor neutron64
jisim atom relatif
108.908749555 ± 0.000004336 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
80.8 ± 0.7 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1972
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

110Rh

Nombor jisim110
nombor neutron65
jisim atom relatif
109.911079745 ± 0.000019114 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.35 ± 0.12 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1963
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

111Rh

Nombor jisim111
nombor neutron66
jisim atom relatif
110.911643164 ± 0.000007356 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
11 ± 1 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1975
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

112Rh

Nombor jisim112
nombor neutron67
jisim atom relatif
111.914405199 ± 0.000047327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.4 ± 0.4 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1972
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

113Rh

Nombor jisim113
nombor neutron68
jisim atom relatif
112.915440212 ± 0.000007656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.8 ± 0.12 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1971
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

114Rh

Nombor jisim114
nombor neutron69
jisim atom relatif
113.91872168 ± 0.000076824 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.85 ± 0.05 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1988
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

115Rh

Nombor jisim115
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
114.920311649 ± 0.000007857 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.03 ± 3 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1988
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

116Rh

Nombor jisim116
nombor neutron71
jisim atom relatif
115.92406206 ± 0.000079261 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
685 ± 39 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1970
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.1%

117Rh

Nombor jisim117
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
116.926036291 ± 0.000009548 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
421 ± 30 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1991
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.6%

118Rh

Nombor jisim118
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
117.930341116 ± 0.000026018 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
282 ± 9 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.1%

119Rh

Nombor jisim119
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
118.932556951 ± 0.00001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
190 ± 6 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.4%

120Rh

Nombor jisim120
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
119.937069 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
129.6 ± 4.2 ms
Spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)9.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

121Rh

Nombor jisim121
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
120.939613 ± 0.000665 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
74 ± 4 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)11%

122Rh

Nombor jisim122
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
121.944305 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
51 ± 6 ms
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1997
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.9%
2n (2-neutron emission)

123Rh

Nombor jisim123
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
122.947192 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
42 ± 4 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24%
2n (2-neutron emission)

124Rh

Nombor jisim124
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
123.952002 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
30 ± 2 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31%
2n (2-neutron emission)

125Rh

Nombor jisim125
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
124.955094 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
26.5 ± 2 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

126Rh

Nombor jisim126
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
125.960064 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19 ± 3 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

127Rh

Nombor jisim127
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
126.963789 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
28 ± 14 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2015
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

128Rh

Nombor jisim128
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
127.970649 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2018
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Rhodium powder pressed melted

sejarah

penemu atau perekaWilliam Wollaston
tempat penemuanEngland
tarikh penemuan1803
EtimologiGreek: rhodon (rose). Its salts give a rosy solution.
sebutanRO-di-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.001 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.000018 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9244
2p4.0596
2s11.8454
3d14.595
3p16.8456
3s16.5615
4d31.5576
4p27.8604
4s26.4184
5s38.3605