Rutenium

Rutenium (Ru)

chemical element with symbol Ru and atomic number 44
Atomic Number44
Atomic Weight101.07
Massagetal102
Group8
Period5
Blockd
proton44 p+
neutron58 n0
elektron44 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ru (Rutenium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
130 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
125 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
Ioonradius
68 pm
Crystal Radius
82 pm
Van der Waals radius
213 pm
density
12,1 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Rutenium020406080100120140160180200220pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
774 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Ru (Rutenium)
Verdampingswarmte
smeltingswarmte
25,5 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
650,6 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 15, 1
Bohr model: Ru (Rutenium)
Valenselektrone1
Lewisteorie: Ru (Rutenium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Kr] 4d7 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d7 5s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Ru (Rutenium)
Orbital Diagram of Ru (Rutenium)
Oksidasietoestand-4, -2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Elektronegatiwiteit
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,4011669093178039 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4 420,15 K
Melting Point
2 606,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery white metallic
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000064 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,238 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
14 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
superconductivity
0,49 K
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000000542 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000548 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,000067
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,7 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
6,5 MPa
Massamodulus
220 GPa
Skuifmodulus
173 GPa
Young se modulus
447 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,3
Spoed van klank
5 970 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number61
Mendeleev Number60
Pettifor Number63
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
751,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
72 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0009
quantum number5F5
Ruimtegroep194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Ruthenium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes36
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition10231.55%10231.55%10418.62%10418.62%10117.06%10117.06%9912.76%9912.76%10012.60%10012.60%965.54%965.54%981.87%981.87%

85Ru

Massagetal85
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
84,967117 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2013
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

86Ru

Massagetal86
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
85,957305 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2013
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

87Ru

Massagetal87
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
86,950907 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1995
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

88Ru

Massagetal88
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
87,941664 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,5 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.6%

89Ru

Massagetal89
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
88,937337849 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,32 ± 0,03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

90Ru

Massagetal90
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
89,930344378 ± 0,000004004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
11,7 ± 0,9 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

91Ru

Massagetal91
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
90,92674153 ± 0,000002384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

92Ru

Massagetal92
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
91,920234373 ± 0,000002917 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,65 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

93Ru

Massagetal93
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
92,917104442 ± 0,000002216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
59,7 ± 0,6 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

94Ru

Massagetal94
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
93,91134286 ± 0,000003374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
51,8 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

95Ru

Massagetal95
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
94,910404415 ± 0,0000102 Da
g-factor
0,3444 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,607 ± 0,004 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

96Ru

Massagetal96
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
95,90758891 ± 0,000000182 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,54 ± 0,14
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1931
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

97Ru

Massagetal97
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
96,907545776 ± 0,000002965 Da
g-factor
0,3148 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,837 ± 0,0014 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Ru

Massagetal98
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
97,905286709 ± 0,000006937 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,87 ± 0,03
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1944
parity+

99Ru

Massagetal99
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
98,905930284 ± 0,000000368 Da
g-factor
-0,2564 ± 0,002
natural abundance
12,76 ± 0,14
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,079 ± 0,004
ontdekkingsdatum1931
parity+

100Ru

Massagetal100
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
99,90421046 ± 0,000000367 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,6 ± 0,07
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1931
parity+

101Ru

Massagetal101
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
100,905573086 ± 0,000000443 Da
g-factor
-0,2872 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
17,06 ± 0,02
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,46 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1931
parity+

102Ru

Massagetal102
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
101,904340312 ± 0,000000446 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
31,55 ± 0,14
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1931
parity+

103Ru

Massagetal103
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
102,906314846 ± 0,000000473 Da
g-factor
0,13733333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
39,245 ± 0,008 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,62 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

104Ru

Massagetal104
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
103,905425312 ± 0,000002682 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,62 ± 0,27
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1931
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

105Ru

Massagetal105
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
104,907745478 ± 0,000002683 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,13333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,439 ± 0,011 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

106Ru

Massagetal106
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
105,907328181 ± 0,000005787 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
371,8 ± 1,8 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

107Ru

Massagetal107
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
106,909969837 ± 0,00000931 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,75 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Ru

Massagetal108
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
107,910185793 ± 0,000009318 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,55 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

109Ru

Massagetal109
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
108,913323707 ± 0,000009612 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
34,4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

110Ru

Massagetal110
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
109,914038501 ± 0,00000958 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
12,04 ± 0,17 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

111Ru

Massagetal111
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
110,917567566 ± 0,000010394 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,12 ± 0,07 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

112Ru

Massagetal112
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
111,918806922 ± 0,000010305 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,75 ± 0,07 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

113Ru

Massagetal113
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
112,922846729 ± 0,000041097 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
800 ± 50 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1988
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Ru

Massagetal114
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
113,92461443 ± 0,000003817 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
540 ± 30 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

115Ru

Massagetal115
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
114,929033049 ± 0,000027016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
318 ± 19 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

116Ru

Massagetal116
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
115,931219191 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
204 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

117Ru

Massagetal117
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
116,936135 ± 0,000465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
151 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

118Ru

Massagetal118
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
117,938808 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
99 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

119Ru

Massagetal119
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
118,94409 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
69,5 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

120Ru

Massagetal120
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
119,946623 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
45 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

121Ru

Massagetal121
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
120,952098 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
29 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

122Ru

Massagetal122
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
121,955147 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
25 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

123Ru

Massagetal123
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
122,960762 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
19 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

124Ru

Massagetal124
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
123,96394 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

125Ru

Massagetal125
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
124,969544 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Ruthenium a half bar

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurKarl Klaus
ligging van ontdekkingRussia
ontdekkingsdatum1844
etimologieLatin: Ruthenia (Russia).
uitspraakroo-THE-ni-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,001 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,0000007 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,000081 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,0000005 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9077
2p4.0492
2s11.6202
3d14.6411
3p16.7789
3s16.3988
4d31.1872
4p27.5652
4s26.344
5s37.5155