Rutenij[um]

Rutenij[um] (Ru)

hemijski element sa simbolom Ru i atomskim brojem 44
Atomic Number44
Atomic Weight101.07
Maseni broj102
Group8
Period5
Blockd
Proton44 p+
Neutron58 n0
Elektron44 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Ru (Rutenij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
130 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
125 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
Ionski radijus
68 pm
Crystal Radius
82 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
213 pm
gustoća
12,1 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Rutenij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
774 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Ru (Rutenij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
toplota topljenja
25,5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
650,6 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 15, 1
Bohrov model atoma: Ru (Rutenij[um])
Valentni elektron1
Lewis structure: Ru (Rutenij[um])
electron configuration[Kr] 4d7 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d7 5s1
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Ru (Rutenij[um])
Orbital Diagram of Ru (Rutenij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje-4, -2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Elektronegativnost
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,4011669093178039 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4.420,15 K
Melting Point
2.606,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery white metallic
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000064 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,238 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
0,49 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000000542 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000548 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,000067
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,7 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
6,5 MPa
bulk modulus
220 GPa
shear modulus
173 GPa
Young's modulus
447 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,3
Brzina zvuka
5.970 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number61
Mendeleev Number60
Pettifor Number63
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
751,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
72 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0009
Kvantni brojevi5F5
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Ruthenium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes36
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition10231.55%10231.55%10418.62%10418.62%10117.06%10117.06%9912.76%9912.76%10012.60%10012.60%965.54%965.54%981.87%981.87%

85Ru

Maseni broj85
broj neutrona41
relative atomic mass
84,967117 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2013
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

86Ru

Maseni broj86
broj neutrona42
relative atomic mass
85,957305 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2013
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

87Ru

Maseni broj87
broj neutrona43
relative atomic mass
86,950907 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1995
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

88Ru

Maseni broj88
broj neutrona44
relative atomic mass
87,941664 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,5 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.6%

89Ru

Maseni broj89
broj neutrona45
relative atomic mass
88,937337849 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,32 ± 0,03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

90Ru

Maseni broj90
broj neutrona46
relative atomic mass
89,930344378 ± 0,000004004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,7 ± 0,9 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

91Ru

Maseni broj91
broj neutrona47
relative atomic mass
90,92674153 ± 0,000002384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

92Ru

Maseni broj92
broj neutrona48
relative atomic mass
91,920234373 ± 0,000002917 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,65 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

93Ru

Maseni broj93
broj neutrona49
relative atomic mass
92,917104442 ± 0,000002216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
59,7 ± 0,6 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1972
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

94Ru

Maseni broj94
broj neutrona50
relative atomic mass
93,91134286 ± 0,000003374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
51,8 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

95Ru

Maseni broj95
broj neutrona51
relative atomic mass
94,910404415 ± 0,0000102 Da
g-factor
0,3444 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,607 ± 0,004 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

96Ru

Maseni broj96
broj neutrona52
relative atomic mass
95,90758891 ± 0,000000182 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,54 ± 0,14
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1931
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

97Ru

Maseni broj97
broj neutrona53
relative atomic mass
96,907545776 ± 0,000002965 Da
g-factor
0,3148 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,837 ± 0,0014 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Ru

Maseni broj98
broj neutrona54
relative atomic mass
97,905286709 ± 0,000006937 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,87 ± 0,03
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1944
parity+

99Ru

Maseni broj99
broj neutrona55
relative atomic mass
98,905930284 ± 0,000000368 Da
g-factor
-0,2564 ± 0,002
natural abundance
12,76 ± 0,14
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,079 ± 0,004
datum otkrića1931
parity+

100Ru

Maseni broj100
broj neutrona56
relative atomic mass
99,90421046 ± 0,000000367 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,6 ± 0,07
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1931
parity+

101Ru

Maseni broj101
broj neutrona57
relative atomic mass
100,905573086 ± 0,000000443 Da
g-factor
-0,2872 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
17,06 ± 0,02
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,46 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1931
parity+

102Ru

Maseni broj102
broj neutrona58
relative atomic mass
101,904340312 ± 0,000000446 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
31,55 ± 0,14
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1931
parity+

103Ru

Maseni broj103
broj neutrona59
relative atomic mass
102,906314846 ± 0,000000473 Da
g-factor
0,13733333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39,245 ± 0,008 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,62 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

104Ru

Maseni broj104
broj neutrona60
relative atomic mass
103,905425312 ± 0,000002682 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,62 ± 0,27
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1931
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

105Ru

Maseni broj105
broj neutrona61
relative atomic mass
104,907745478 ± 0,000002683 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,13333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,439 ± 0,011 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

106Ru

Maseni broj106
broj neutrona62
relative atomic mass
105,907328181 ± 0,000005787 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
371,8 ± 1,8 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

107Ru

Maseni broj107
broj neutrona63
relative atomic mass
106,909969837 ± 0,00000931 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,75 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1951
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Ru

Maseni broj108
broj neutrona64
relative atomic mass
107,910185793 ± 0,000009318 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,55 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

109Ru

Maseni broj109
broj neutrona65
relative atomic mass
108,913323707 ± 0,000009612 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
34,4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

110Ru

Maseni broj110
broj neutrona66
relative atomic mass
109,914038501 ± 0,00000958 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12,04 ± 0,17 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

111Ru

Maseni broj111
broj neutrona67
relative atomic mass
110,917567566 ± 0,000010394 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,12 ± 0,07 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

112Ru

Maseni broj112
broj neutrona68
relative atomic mass
111,918806922 ± 0,000010305 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,75 ± 0,07 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

113Ru

Maseni broj113
broj neutrona69
relative atomic mass
112,922846729 ± 0,000041097 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
800 ± 50 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1988
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Ru

Maseni broj114
broj neutrona70
relative atomic mass
113,92461443 ± 0,000003817 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
540 ± 30 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

115Ru

Maseni broj115
broj neutrona71
relative atomic mass
114,929033049 ± 0,000027016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
318 ± 19 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

116Ru

Maseni broj116
broj neutrona72
relative atomic mass
115,931219191 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
204 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

117Ru

Maseni broj117
broj neutrona73
relative atomic mass
116,936135 ± 0,000465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
151 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

118Ru

Maseni broj118
broj neutrona74
relative atomic mass
117,938808 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
99 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

119Ru

Maseni broj119
broj neutrona75
relative atomic mass
118,94409 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
69,5 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

120Ru

Maseni broj120
broj neutrona76
relative atomic mass
119,946623 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
45 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

121Ru

Maseni broj121
broj neutrona77
relative atomic mass
120,952098 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
29 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

122Ru

Maseni broj122
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
121,955147 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

123Ru

Maseni broj123
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
122,960762 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

124Ru

Maseni broj124
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
123,96394 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

125Ru

Maseni broj125
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
124,969544 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Ruthenium a half bar

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljKarl Klaus
mjesto otkrićaRussia
datum otkrića1844
EtimologijaLatin: Ruthenia (Russia).
pronunciationroo-THE-ni-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,001 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,0000007 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,000081 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000005 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9077
2p4.0492
2s11.6202
3d14.6411
3p16.7789
3s16.3988
4d31.1872
4p27.5652
4s26.344
5s37.5155