Ruthenium

Ruthenium (Ru)

Ruthenium is the 44th element in the periodic table and has a symbol of Ru and atomic number of 44. It has an atomic weight of 101.07 and a mass number of 102. Ruthenium has forty-four protons and fifty-eight neutrons in its nucleus, and forty-four electrons in five shells. It is located in group eight, period five and block d of the periodic table. Hard white metallic transition element. Found with platinum, used as a catalyst in some platinum alloys. Dissolves in fused alkalis, and is not attacked by acids. Reacts with halogens and oxygen at high temperatures. Isolated in 1844 by K.K. Klaus.
Atomic Number44
Atomic Weight101.07
Mass Number102
Group8
Period5
Blockd
Protons44 p+
Neutrons58 n0
Electrons44 e-
Animated Bohr Model of Ru (Ruthenium)

Physical Properties

Atomic Radius
130 pm
Molar Volume
Covalent Radius
125 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
Ionic Radius
68 pm
Crystal Radius
82 pm
Van der Waals Radius
213 pm
Density
12.1 g/cm³
Atomic Radii of the Elements: Ruthenium020406080100120140160180200220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals Radius

Chemical Properties

Energy
Proton Affinity
774 kJ/mol
Electron Affinity
Ionization Energy
Ionization Energies of Ru (Ruthenium)
Heat of Vaporization
Heat of Fusion
25.5 kJ/mol
Heat of Formation
650.6 kJ/mol
Electrons
Electron Shells2, 8, 18, 15, 1
Bohr Model: Ru (Ruthenium)
Valence Electrons1
Lewis Structure: Ru (Ruthenium)
Electron Configuration[Kr] 4d7 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d7 5s1
Enhanced Bohr Model of Ru (Ruthenium)
Orbital Diagram of Ru (Ruthenium)
Oxidation States-4, -2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Electronegativity
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1.4011669093178039 eV/particle
States of Matter
PhaseSolid
Gas Phase
Boiling Point
4,420.15 K
Melting Point
2,606.15 K
Critical Pressure
Critical Temperature
Triple Point
Visual

Ruthenium is a Silver. Ru has a CPK of #ff1493, Jmol of #248f8f, and MOLCAS GV of #248f8f. The Appearance of Element 44 is silvery white metallic.

Color
Silver
Appearancesilvery white metallic
Refractive Index
Thermodynamic Properties
Thermal Conductivity
Thermal Expansion
0.0000064 1/K
Molar Heat Capacity
24.06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.238 J/(g⋅K)
Heat Capacity Ratio (Adiabatic Index)
Electrical Properties
TypeConductor
Electrical Conductivity
14 MS/m
Electrical Resistivity
0.00000007000000000002 m Ω
Superconducting Point
0.49 K
Magnetism
Typeparamagnetic
Magnetic Susceptibility (Mass)
0.00000000542 m³/Kg
Magnetic Susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000000548 m³/mol
Magnetic Susceptibility (Volume)
0.000067
Magnetic Ordering
Curie Point
Neel Point
Structure

The Crystal Structure of Ruthenium is HEX. The lattice constant of Ru is 2.7 Å. The lattice angles of Element 44 are π/2, π/2, 2 π/3.

Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
Lattice Constant
2.7 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
Mechanical Properties

Ruthenium has a Brinell of 2160 MPa, and Mohs hardness of 6.5 MPa. The Bulk Modulus of Ru is 220 GPa. The Shear Modulus of Element 44 is 173 GPa. The Young Modulus of Ruthenium (Ru) is 447 GPa. The Poisson Ratio of Ruthenium is 0.3. The Speed of Sound of Ru is 5970 m/s.

Hardness
6.5 MPa
Bulk Modulus
220 GPa
Shear Modulus
173 GPa
Young's Modulus
447 GPa
Poisson Ratio
0.3
Speed of Sound
5,970 m/s
Classification

The CAS Group of Ruthenium is VIIIA. The IUPAC Group of Ru is VIII. The Glawe Number of Element 44 is 61. The Mendeleev Number of Ruthenium (Ru) is 60. The Pettifor Number of Ruthenium is 63. The Geochemical Class of Ru is noble metal. The Goldschmidt Class of Element 44 is siderophile.

CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number61
Mendeleev Number60
Pettifor Number63
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt Classsiderophile

Other

The Gas Basicity of Ruthenium is 751.4 kJ/mol. The Dipole Polarizability of Ru is 72 plus or minus 10 a₀. Element 44 has a C6 Dispersion Coefficient (GB) of 809 a₀. The Allotropes of Ruthenium (Ru) is . The Neutron Cross Section of Ruthenium is 2.6. The Neutron Mass Absorption of Ru is 0.0009. The Quantum Numbers of Element 44 is 5F5. The Space Group of Ruthenium (Ru) is 194 (P63/mmc).

Gas Basicity
751.4 kJ/mol
Dipole Polarizability
72 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
Allotropes
Neutron Cross Section
2.6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0009
Quantum Numbers5F5
Space Group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Ruthenium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes36
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition10231.55%10231.55%10418.62%10418.62%10117.06%10117.06%9912.76%9912.76%10012.60%10012.60%965.54%965.54%981.87%981.87%

85Ru

Mass Number85
Neutron Number41
Relative Atomic Mass
84.967117 ± 0.000537 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2013
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

86Ru

Mass Number86
Neutron Number42
Relative Atomic Mass
85.957305 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2013
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

87Ru

Mass Number87
Neutron Number43
Relative Atomic Mass
86.950907 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1995
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

88Ru

Mass Number88
Neutron Number44
Relative Atomic Mass
87.941664 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.5 ± 0.3 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1994
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.6%

89Ru

Mass Number89
Neutron Number45
Relative Atomic Mass
88.937337849 ± 0.000026 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.32 ± 0.03 s
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1992
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

90Ru

Mass Number90
Neutron Number46
Relative Atomic Mass
89.930344378 ± 0.000004004 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
11.7 ± 0.9 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1991
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

91Ru

Mass Number91
Neutron Number47
Relative Atomic Mass
90.92674153 ± 0.000002384 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
8 ± 0.4 s
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1983
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

92Ru

Mass Number92
Neutron Number48
Relative Atomic Mass
91.920234373 ± 0.000002917 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.65 ± 0.05 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1971
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

93Ru

Mass Number93
Neutron Number49
Relative Atomic Mass
92.917104442 ± 0.000002216 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
59.7 ± 0.6 s
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1972
Parity

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

94Ru

Mass Number94
Neutron Number50
Relative Atomic Mass
93.91134286 ± 0.000003374 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
51.8 ± 0.6 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1952
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

95Ru

Mass Number95
Neutron Number51
Relative Atomic Mass
94.910404415 ± 0.0000102 Da
G-Factor
0.3444 ± 0.0028
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.607 ± 0.004 h
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1948
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

96Ru

Mass Number96
Neutron Number52
Relative Atomic Mass
95.90758891 ± 0.000000182 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
5.54 ± 0.14
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1931
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
+ (double β+ decay)

97Ru

Mass Number97
Neutron Number53
Relative Atomic Mass
96.907545776 ± 0.000002965 Da
G-Factor
0.3148 ± 0.0032
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.837 ± 0.0014 d
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1946
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Ru

Mass Number98
Neutron Number54
Relative Atomic Mass
97.905286709 ± 0.000006937 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
1.87 ± 0.03
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1944
Parity+

99Ru

Mass Number99
Neutron Number55
Relative Atomic Mass
98.905930284 ± 0.000000368 Da
G-Factor
-0.2564 ± 0.002
Abundance
12.76 ± 0.14
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
0.079 ± 0.004
Discovery Year1931
Parity+

100Ru

Mass Number100
Neutron Number56
Relative Atomic Mass
99.90421046 ± 0.000000367 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
12.6 ± 0.07
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1931
Parity+

101Ru

Mass Number101
Neutron Number57
Relative Atomic Mass
100.905573086 ± 0.000000443 Da
G-Factor
-0.2872 ± 0.0024
Abundance
17.06 ± 0.02
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
0.46 ± 0.02
Discovery Year1931
Parity+

102Ru

Mass Number102
Neutron Number58
Relative Atomic Mass
101.904340312 ± 0.000000446 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
31.55 ± 0.14
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1931
Parity+

103Ru

Mass Number103
Neutron Number59
Relative Atomic Mass
102.906314846 ± 0.000000473 Da
G-Factor
0.13733333333333 ± 0.002
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
39.245 ± 0.008 d
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
0.62 ± 0.02
Discovery Year1945
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

104Ru

Mass Number104
Neutron Number60
Relative Atomic Mass
103.905425312 ± 0.000002682 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
18.62 ± 0.27
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1931
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
(double β decay)

105Ru

Mass Number105
Neutron Number61
Relative Atomic Mass
104.907745478 ± 0.000002683 Da
G-Factor
0.2 ± 0.13333333333333
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
4.439 ± 0.011 h
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1945
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

106Ru

Mass Number106
Neutron Number62
Relative Atomic Mass
105.907328181 ± 0.000005787 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
371.8 ± 1.8 d
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1948
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

107Ru

Mass Number107
Neutron Number63
Relative Atomic Mass
106.909969837 ± 0.00000931 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.75 ± 0.05 m
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1951
Parity

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

108Ru

Mass Number108
Neutron Number64
Relative Atomic Mass
107.910185793 ± 0.000009318 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
4.55 ± 0.05 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1955
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

109Ru

Mass Number109
Neutron Number65
Relative Atomic Mass
108.913323707 ± 0.000009612 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
34.4 ± 0.2 s
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1967
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

110Ru

Mass Number110
Neutron Number66
Relative Atomic Mass
109.914038501 ± 0.00000958 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
12.04 ± 0.17 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1970
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

111Ru

Mass Number111
Neutron Number67
Relative Atomic Mass
110.917567566 ± 0.000010394 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.12 ± 0.07 s
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1971
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

112Ru

Mass Number112
Neutron Number68
Relative Atomic Mass
111.918806922 ± 0.000010305 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.75 ± 0.07 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1970
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

113Ru

Mass Number113
Neutron Number69
Relative Atomic Mass
112.922846729 ± 0.000041097 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
800 ± 50 ms
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1988
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

114Ru

Mass Number114
Neutron Number70
Relative Atomic Mass
113.92461443 ± 0.000003817 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
540 ± 30 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1991
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

115Ru

Mass Number115
Neutron Number71
Relative Atomic Mass
114.929033049 ± 0.000027016 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
318 ± 19 ms
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1992
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

116Ru

Mass Number116
Neutron Number72
Relative Atomic Mass
115.931219191 ± 0.000004 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
204 ± 6 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1994
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

117Ru

Mass Number117
Neutron Number73
Relative Atomic Mass
116.936135 ± 0.000465 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
151 ± 3 ms
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1994
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

118Ru

Mass Number118
Neutron Number74
Relative Atomic Mass
117.938808 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
99 ± 3 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1994
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

119Ru

Mass Number119
Neutron Number75
Relative Atomic Mass
118.94409 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
69.5 ± 2 ms
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1997
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

120Ru

Mass Number120
Neutron Number76
Relative Atomic Mass
119.946623 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
45 ± 2 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

121Ru

Mass Number121
Neutron Number77
Relative Atomic Mass
120.952098 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
29 ± 2 ms
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

122Ru

Mass Number122
Neutron Number78
Relative Atomic Mass
121.955147 ± 0.000537 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
25 ± 1 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

123Ru

Mass Number123
Neutron Number79
Relative Atomic Mass
122.960762 ± 0.000537 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
19 ± 2 ms
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

124Ru

Mass Number124
Neutron Number80
Relative Atomic Mass
123.96394 ± 0.000644 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
15 ± 3 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

125Ru

Mass Number125
Neutron Number81
Relative Atomic Mass
124.969544 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2018
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Ruthenium a half bar

History

Jędrzej Śniadecki isolated the element in 1807, but his work was not ratified. Jöns Berzelius and Gottfried Osann nearly discovered ruthenium in 1827. In 1844, Karl Ernst Claus confirmed that there was a new element and isolated ruthenium from the platinum residues of the rouble production while he was working in Kazan University, Kazan. From the Latin word Ruthenia, Russia

DiscoverersKarl Klaus
Discovery LocationRussia
Discovery Year1844
Etymology (Name Origin)Latin: Ruthenia (Russia).
Pronunciationroo-THE-ni-em (English)
Ruthenium is a suspected carcinogen and its compounds strongly stain the skin
Ruthenium is unaffected by air, water and acids

Uses

Ruthenium is used in platinum and palladium alloys to make wear-resistant electrical contacts. Ruthenium dioxide and lead and bismuth ruthenates are used in thick-film chip resistors. Fountain pen nibs are frequently tipped with alloys containing ruthenium. Ruthenium is a versatile catalyst. Used to harden platinum and palladium. Aircraft magnetos use platinum alloy with 10% ruthenium.

Sources

Found in pentlandite and pyroxinite.

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.001 mg/kg
Natural Abundance (Oceans)
0.0000007 mg/L
Natural Abundance (Human Body)
Natural Abundance (Meteor)
0.000081 %
Natural Abundance (Sun)
0.0000005 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9077
2p4.0492
2s11.6202
3d14.6411
3p16.7789
3s16.3988
4d31.1872
4p27.5652
4s26.344
5s37.5155

Also Known As

  • Ru
  • element 44
  • 44Ru
  • vestium

Translations

  • Norwegian Bokmålruthenium
  • Frenchruthénium
  • Italianrutenio
  • GermanRuthenium
  • Dutchruthenium
  • Swedishrutenium
  • Norwegian Nynorskruthenium
  • Danishruthenium
  • Hungarianruténium
  • Afrikaansrutenium
  • Amharicሩቴኒየም
  • AragoneseRutenio
  • Arabicروثينيوم
  • AzerbaijaniRutenium
  • BelarusianРутэній
  • Bulgarianрутений
  • Banglaরুথিনিয়াম
  • BretonRuteniom
  • Bosnianrutenij
  • Catalanruteni
  • CorsicanRuteniu
  • Czechruthenium
  • ChuvashРутени
  • WelshRwtheniwm
  • Greekρουθήνιο
  • Esperantorutenio
  • Spanishrutenio
  • EstonianRuteenium
  • Basquerutenio
  • Persianروتنیم
  • Finnishrutenium
  • FriulianRuteni
  • IrishRuitéiniam
  • Galicianrutenio
  • ManxRutainium
  • Hebrewרותניום
  • Hindiरुथेनियम
  • Fiji HindiRuthenium
  • CroatianRutenij
  • Armenianռութենիում
  • Interlinguaruthenium
  • Indonesianrutenium
  • Idorutenio
  • Icelandicrúten
  • Japaneseルテニウム
  • Lojbanrukyjinme
  • JavaneseRutenium
  • Georgianრუთენიუმი
  • Kannadaರುಥೇನಿಯಮ್
  • Korean루테늄
  • KurdishRûtenyûm
  • KomiРутений
  • Latinruthenium
  • LuxembourgishRuthenium
  • LigurianRutennio
  • LithuanianRutenis
  • Latvianrutēnijs
  • Malayalamറുഥീനിയം
  • Marathiरुथेनियम
  • Western MariРутений
  • MalayRutenium
  • OccitanRutèni
  • Polishruten
  • Western Panjabiروتھینیم
  • Portugueseruténio
  • QuechuaRuthenyu
  • Romanianruteniu
  • Russianрутений
  • Sicilianruteniu
  • Serbo-CroatianRutenijum
  • Slovakruténium
  • SlovenianRutenij
  • Serbianрутенијум
  • Saterland FrisianRuthenium
  • SwahiliRutheni
  • Tamilருத்தேனியம்
  • Thaiรูทีเนียม
  • TurkishRutenyum
  • TatarRuteni
  • UkrainianРутеній
  • UzbekRuteniy
  • VepsRutenii
  • Vietnameserutheni
  • WarayRutenyo
  • KalmykРүтениүм
  • Yiddishרוטעניום
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