Rutenioa

Rutenioa (Ru)

Zenbaki atomikoa 44 duen elementu kimikoa. Metal gogor eta hauskorra da
Atomic Number44
Atomic Weight101.07
masa-zenbaki102
Group8
Period5
Blockd
protoi44 p+
neutroi58 n0
elektroi44 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Ru (Rutenioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
130 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
125 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
Erradio ioniko
68 pm
Crystal Radius
82 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
213 pm
dentsitatea
12,1 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Rutenioa020406080100120140160180200220pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
774 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of Ru (Rutenioa)
Irakite-entalpia
urtze-entalpia
25,5 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
650,6 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 15, 1
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Ru (Rutenioa)
balentzia-elektroi1
Lewis egitura: Ru (Rutenioa)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d7 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d7 5s1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Ru (Rutenioa)
Orbital Diagram of Ru (Rutenioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-4, -2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Elektronegatibotasun
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,4011669093178039 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
4.420,15 K
Melting Point
2.606,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white metallic
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000064 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,238 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
14 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
0,49 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,00000000542 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000000548 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,000067
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,7 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
6,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
220 GPa
Zizaila modulua
173 GPa
Youngen modulu
447 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,3
Soinuaren lastertasun
5.970 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number61
Mendeleev Number60
Pettifor Number63
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
751,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
72 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0009
zenbaki kuantiko5F5
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Ruthenium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes36
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition10231.55%10231.55%10418.62%10418.62%10117.06%10117.06%9912.76%9912.76%10012.60%10012.60%965.54%965.54%981.87%981.87%

85Ru

masa-zenbaki85
neutron number41
atomo-masa erlatibo
84,967117 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2013
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

86Ru

masa-zenbaki86
neutron number42
atomo-masa erlatibo
85,957305 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2013
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

87Ru

masa-zenbaki87
neutron number43
atomo-masa erlatibo
86,950907 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

88Ru

masa-zenbaki88
neutron number44
atomo-masa erlatibo
87,941664 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,5 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.6%

89Ru

masa-zenbaki89
neutron number45
atomo-masa erlatibo
88,937337849 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,32 ± 0,03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

90Ru

masa-zenbaki90
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
89,930344378 ± 0,000004004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,7 ± 0,9 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

91Ru

masa-zenbaki91
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
90,92674153 ± 0,000002384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

92Ru

masa-zenbaki92
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
91,920234373 ± 0,000002917 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,65 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

93Ru

masa-zenbaki93
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
92,917104442 ± 0,000002216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
59,7 ± 0,6 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

94Ru

masa-zenbaki94
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
93,91134286 ± 0,000003374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
51,8 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

95Ru

masa-zenbaki95
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
94,910404415 ± 0,0000102 Da
g-factor
0,3444 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,607 ± 0,004 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

96Ru

masa-zenbaki96
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
95,90758891 ± 0,000000182 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,54 ± 0,14
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1931
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

97Ru

masa-zenbaki97
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
96,907545776 ± 0,000002965 Da
g-factor
0,3148 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,837 ± 0,0014 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Ru

masa-zenbaki98
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
97,905286709 ± 0,000006937 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,87 ± 0,03
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1944
parity+

99Ru

masa-zenbaki99
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
98,905930284 ± 0,000000368 Da
g-factor
−0,2564 ± 0,002
natural abundance
12,76 ± 0,14
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,079 ± 0,004
aurkikuntza-data1931
parity+

100Ru

masa-zenbaki100
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
99,90421046 ± 0,000000367 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,6 ± 0,07
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1931
parity+

101Ru

masa-zenbaki101
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
100,905573086 ± 0,000000443 Da
g-factor
−0,2872 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
17,06 ± 0,02
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,46 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1931
parity+

102Ru

masa-zenbaki102
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
101,904340312 ± 0,000000446 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
31,55 ± 0,14
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1931
parity+

103Ru

masa-zenbaki103
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
102,906314846 ± 0,000000473 Da
g-factor
0,13733333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
39,245 ± 0,008 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,62 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

104Ru

masa-zenbaki104
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
103,905425312 ± 0,000002682 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,62 ± 0,27
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1931
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

105Ru

masa-zenbaki105
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
104,907745478 ± 0,000002683 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,13333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,439 ± 0,011 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

106Ru

masa-zenbaki106
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
105,907328181 ± 0,000005787 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
371,8 ± 1,8 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

107Ru

masa-zenbaki107
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
106,909969837 ± 0,00000931 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,75 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Ru

masa-zenbaki108
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
107,910185793 ± 0,000009318 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,55 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

109Ru

masa-zenbaki109
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
108,913323707 ± 0,000009612 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
34,4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

110Ru

masa-zenbaki110
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
109,914038501 ± 0,00000958 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,04 ± 0,17 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

111Ru

masa-zenbaki111
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
110,917567566 ± 0,000010394 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,12 ± 0,07 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

112Ru

masa-zenbaki112
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
111,918806922 ± 0,000010305 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,75 ± 0,07 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

113Ru

masa-zenbaki113
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
112,922846729 ± 0,000041097 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
800 ± 50 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1988
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Ru

masa-zenbaki114
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
113,92461443 ± 0,000003817 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
540 ± 30 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

115Ru

masa-zenbaki115
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
114,929033049 ± 0,000027016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
318 ± 19 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

116Ru

masa-zenbaki116
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
115,931219191 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
204 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

117Ru

masa-zenbaki117
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
116,936135 ± 0,000465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
151 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

118Ru

masa-zenbaki118
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
117,938808 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
99 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

119Ru

masa-zenbaki119
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
118,94409 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
69,5 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

120Ru

masa-zenbaki120
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
119,946623 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
45 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

121Ru

masa-zenbaki121
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
120,952098 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
29 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

122Ru

masa-zenbaki122
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
121,955147 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

123Ru

masa-zenbaki123
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
122,960762 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

124Ru

masa-zenbaki124
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
123,96394 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

125Ru

masa-zenbaki125
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
124,969544 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Ruthenium a half bar

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaKarl Klaus
aurkikuntzaren lekuaRussia
aurkikuntza-data1844
etimologiaLatin: Ruthenia (Russia).
pronunciationroo-THE-ni-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,001 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,0000007 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000081 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000005 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9077
2p4.0492
2s11.6202
3d14.6411
3p16.7789
3s16.3988
4d31.1872
4p27.5652
4s26.344
5s37.5155