Ruten, ²Ruthenium

Ruten, ²Ruthenium (Ru)

element kimik me numrin atomik 44
Atomic Number44
Atomic Weight101.07
Numri i masës102
Group8
Period5
Blockd
protoni44 p+
neutroni58 n0
elektroni44 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ru (Ruten, ²Ruthenium)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
130 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
125 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
ionic radius
68 pm
Crystal Radius
82 pm
Van der Waals radius
213 pm
density
12,1 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Ruten, ²Ruthenium020406080100120140160180200220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
774 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Ru (Ruten, ²Ruthenium)
enthalpy of vaporization
enthalpy of fusion
25,5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
650,6 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 15, 1
Bohr model: Ru (Ruten, ²Ruthenium)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Ru (Ruten, ²Ruthenium)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Kr] 4d7 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d7 5s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Ru (Ruten, ²Ruthenium)
Orbital Diagram of Ru (Ruten, ²Ruthenium)
oxidation number-4, -2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Elektronegativiteti
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,4011669093178039 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4 420,15 K
Melting Point
2 606,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery white metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000064 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,238 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
0,49 K
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000000542 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000548 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,000067
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,7 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
6,5 MPa
bulk modulus
220 GPa
shear modulus
173 GPa
Young's modulus
447 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,3
Shpejtësia e zërit
5 970 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number61
Mendeleev Number60
Pettifor Number63
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
751,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
72 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0009
numër kuantik5F5
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Ruthenium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes36
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition10231.55%10231.55%10418.62%10418.62%10117.06%10117.06%9912.76%9912.76%10012.60%10012.60%965.54%965.54%981.87%981.87%

85Ru

Numri i masës85
numri i neutroneve41
relative atomic mass
84,967117 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2013
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

86Ru

Numri i masës86
numri i neutroneve42
relative atomic mass
85,957305 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2013
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

87Ru

Numri i masës87
numri i neutroneve43
relative atomic mass
86,950907 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1995
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

88Ru

Numri i masës88
numri i neutroneve44
relative atomic mass
87,941664 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,5 ± 0,3 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.6%

89Ru

Numri i masës89
numri i neutroneve45
relative atomic mass
88,937337849 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,32 ± 0,03 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

90Ru

Numri i masës90
numri i neutroneve46
relative atomic mass
89,930344378 ± 0,000004004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,7 ± 0,9 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1991
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

91Ru

Numri i masës91
numri i neutroneve47
relative atomic mass
90,92674153 ± 0,000002384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8 ± 0,4 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

92Ru

Numri i masës92
numri i neutroneve48
relative atomic mass
91,920234373 ± 0,000002917 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,65 ± 0,05 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

93Ru

Numri i masës93
numri i neutroneve49
relative atomic mass
92,917104442 ± 0,000002216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
59,7 ± 0,6 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

94Ru

Numri i masës94
numri i neutroneve50
relative atomic mass
93,91134286 ± 0,000003374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
51,8 ± 0,6 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

95Ru

Numri i masës95
numri i neutroneve51
relative atomic mass
94,910404415 ± 0,0000102 Da
g-factor
0,3444 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,607 ± 0,004 h
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

96Ru

Numri i masës96
numri i neutroneve52
relative atomic mass
95,90758891 ± 0,000000182 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,54 ± 0,14
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1931
parity+

decay modeintensitet
+ (double β+ decay)

97Ru

Numri i masës97
numri i neutroneve53
relative atomic mass
96,907545776 ± 0,000002965 Da
g-factor
0,3148 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,837 ± 0,0014 d
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1946
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Ru

Numri i masës98
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
97,905286709 ± 0,000006937 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,87 ± 0,03
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1944
parity+

99Ru

Numri i masës99
numri i neutroneve55
relative atomic mass
98,905930284 ± 0,000000368 Da
g-factor
-0,2564 ± 0,002
natural abundance
12,76 ± 0,14
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,079 ± 0,004
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1931
parity+

100Ru

Numri i masës100
numri i neutroneve56
relative atomic mass
99,90421046 ± 0,000000367 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,6 ± 0,07
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1931
parity+

101Ru

Numri i masës101
numri i neutroneve57
relative atomic mass
100,905573086 ± 0,000000443 Da
g-factor
-0,2872 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
17,06 ± 0,02
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,46 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1931
parity+

102Ru

Numri i masës102
numri i neutroneve58
relative atomic mass
101,904340312 ± 0,000000446 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
31,55 ± 0,14
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1931
parity+

103Ru

Numri i masës103
numri i neutroneve59
relative atomic mass
102,906314846 ± 0,000000473 Da
g-factor
0,13733333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39,245 ± 0,008 d
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,62 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1945
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

104Ru

Numri i masës104
numri i neutroneve60
relative atomic mass
103,905425312 ± 0,000002682 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,62 ± 0,27
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1931
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)

105Ru

Numri i masës105
numri i neutroneve61
relative atomic mass
104,907745478 ± 0,000002683 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,13333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,439 ± 0,011 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1945
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

106Ru

Numri i masës106
numri i neutroneve62
relative atomic mass
105,907328181 ± 0,000005787 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
371,8 ± 1,8 d
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

107Ru

Numri i masës107
numri i neutroneve63
relative atomic mass
106,909969837 ± 0,00000931 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,75 ± 0,05 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

108Ru

Numri i masës108
numri i neutroneve64
relative atomic mass
107,910185793 ± 0,000009318 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,55 ± 0,05 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

109Ru

Numri i masës109
numri i neutroneve65
relative atomic mass
108,913323707 ± 0,000009612 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
34,4 ± 0,2 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1967
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

110Ru

Numri i masës110
numri i neutroneve66
relative atomic mass
109,914038501 ± 0,00000958 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,04 ± 0,17 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

111Ru

Numri i masës111
numri i neutroneve67
relative atomic mass
110,917567566 ± 0,000010394 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,12 ± 0,07 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

112Ru

Numri i masës112
numri i neutroneve68
relative atomic mass
111,918806922 ± 0,000010305 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,75 ± 0,07 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

113Ru

Numri i masës113
numri i neutroneve69
relative atomic mass
112,922846729 ± 0,000041097 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
800 ± 50 ms
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1988
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

114Ru

Numri i masës114
numri i neutroneve70
relative atomic mass
113,92461443 ± 0,000003817 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
540 ± 30 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1991
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

115Ru

Numri i masës115
numri i neutroneve71
relative atomic mass
114,929033049 ± 0,000027016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
318 ± 19 ms
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

116Ru

Numri i masës116
numri i neutroneve72
relative atomic mass
115,931219191 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
204 ± 6 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

117Ru

Numri i masës117
numri i neutroneve73
relative atomic mass
116,936135 ± 0,000465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
151 ± 3 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

118Ru

Numri i masës118
numri i neutroneve74
relative atomic mass
117,938808 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
99 ± 3 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

119Ru

Numri i masës119
numri i neutroneve75
relative atomic mass
118,94409 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
69,5 ± 2 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

120Ru

Numri i masës120
numri i neutroneve76
relative atomic mass
119,946623 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45 ± 2 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

121Ru

Numri i masës121
numri i neutroneve77
relative atomic mass
120,952098 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
29 ± 2 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

122Ru

Numri i masës122
numri i neutroneve78
relative atomic mass
121,955147 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25 ± 1 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

123Ru

Numri i masës123
numri i neutroneve79
relative atomic mass
122,960762 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19 ± 2 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

124Ru

Numri i masës124
numri i neutroneve80
relative atomic mass
123,96394 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15 ± 3 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

125Ru

Numri i masës125
numri i neutroneve81
relative atomic mass
124,969544 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Ruthenium a half bar

historia

zbuluesKarl Klaus
vendndodhja e zbulimitRussia
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1844
EtimologjiaLatin: Ruthenia (Russia).
pronunciationroo-THE-ni-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,001 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,0000007 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000081 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,0000005 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9077
2p4.0492
2s11.6202
3d14.6411
3p16.7789
3s16.3988
4d31.1872
4p27.5652
4s26.344
5s37.5155