Silizioa

Silizioa (Si)

14 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number14
Atomic Weight28.085
masa-zenbaki28
Group14
Period3
Blockp
protoi14 p+
neutroi14 n0
elektroi14 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Si (Silizioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
110 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
116 pm
Metallic Radius
117 pm
Erradio ioniko
26 pm
Crystal Radius
40 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
210 pm
dentsitatea
2,3296 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Silizioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
837 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
1,3895211 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
8,151683 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Si (Silizioa)
Irakite-entalpia
383 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
50,6 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
450 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 4
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Si (Silizioa)
balentzia-elektroi4
Lewis egitura: Si (Silizioa)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Si (Silizioa)
Orbital Diagram of Si (Silizioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatibotasun
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1,6827934805482991 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.538,15 K
Melting Point
1.687,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Gray
appearancecrystalline, reflective with bluish-tinged faces
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000026 1/K
molar heat capacity
19,99 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,712 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeSemiconductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
0,001 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,001 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000016 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,0000000000449 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,00000373
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureTetrahedral Packing (DIA)
lattice constant
5,43 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
6,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
100 GPa
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
47 GPa
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.200 m/s
classification
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number85
Mendeleev Number88
Pettifor Number85
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
814,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
37,3 ± 0,7 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
305 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,166
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
zenbaki kuantiko3P0
talde espazial227 (Fd_3m)

Isotopes of Silicon

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes21
Natural Isotopes3
Isotopic Composition2892.25%2892.25%294.67%294.67%303.07%303.07%

22Si

masa-zenbaki22
neutron number8
atomo-masa erlatibo
22,036114 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
28,7 ± 1,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)62%
2p (2-proton emission)0.7%

23Si

masa-zenbaki23
neutron number9
atomo-masa erlatibo
23,025711 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
42,3 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%
2p (2-proton emission)3.6%

24Si

masa-zenbaki24
neutron number10
atomo-masa erlatibo
24,01153543 ± 0,000020904 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
143,2 ± 2,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)34.5%

25Si

masa-zenbaki25
neutron number11
atomo-masa erlatibo
25,004108798 ± 0,000010735 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
220,6 ± 1 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)35%

26Si

masa-zenbaki26
neutron number12
atomo-masa erlatibo
25,992333818 ± 0,000000115 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,2453 ± 0,0007 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

27Si

masa-zenbaki27
neutron number13
atomo-masa erlatibo
26,986704687 ± 0,000000115 Da
g-factor
0,34608 ± 0,00012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,117 ± 0,014 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,063 ± 0,014
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

28Si

masa-zenbaki28
neutron number14
atomo-masa erlatibo
27,97692653442 ± 0,00000000055 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
92,2545 ± 0,0037
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

29Si

masa-zenbaki29
neutron number15
atomo-masa erlatibo
28,97649466434 ± 0,0000000006 Da
g-factor
−1,110104 ± 0,000006
natural abundance
4,672 ± 0,016
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

30Si

masa-zenbaki30
neutron number16
atomo-masa erlatibo
29,973770137 ± 0,000000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3,0735 ± 0,0021
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1924
parity+

31Si

masa-zenbaki31
neutron number17
atomo-masa erlatibo
30,975363196 ± 0,000000046 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
157,16 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

32Si

masa-zenbaki32
neutron number18
atomo-masa erlatibo
31,974151538 ± 0,00000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
157 ± 7 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

33Si

masa-zenbaki33
neutron number19
atomo-masa erlatibo
32,977976964 ± 0,00000075 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,18 ± 0,18 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

34Si

masa-zenbaki34
neutron number20
atomo-masa erlatibo
33,978538045 ± 0,00000086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,77 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

35Si

masa-zenbaki35
neutron number21
atomo-masa erlatibo
34,984550111 ± 0,000038494 Da
g-factor
0,46828571428571 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
780 ± 120 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5%

36Si

masa-zenbaki36
neutron number22
atomo-masa erlatibo
35,986649271 ± 0,000077077 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
503 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

37Si

masa-zenbaki37
neutron number23
atomo-masa erlatibo
36,992945191 ± 0,000122179 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
141 ± 3,5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%
2n (2-neutron emission)

38Si

masa-zenbaki38
neutron number24
atomo-masa erlatibo
37,995523 ± 0,0001125 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
63 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)25%

39Si

masa-zenbaki39
neutron number25
atomo-masa erlatibo
39,002491 ± 0,0001455 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
41,2 ± 4,1 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)33%
2n (2-neutron emission)

40Si

masa-zenbaki40
neutron number26
atomo-masa erlatibo
40,006083641 ± 0,000130962 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
31,2 ± 2,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)38%
2n (2-neutron emission)

41Si

masa-zenbaki41
neutron number27
atomo-masa erlatibo
41,014171 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
20 ± 2,5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)55%
2n (2-neutron emission)

42Si

masa-zenbaki42
neutron number28
atomo-masa erlatibo
42,018078 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,5 ± 3,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

43Si

masa-zenbaki43
neutron number29
atomo-masa erlatibo
43,026119 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2002
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

44Si

masa-zenbaki44
neutron number30
atomo-masa erlatibo
44,031466 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2007
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

45Si

masa-zenbaki45
neutron number31
atomo-masa erlatibo
45,039818 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
SiliconCroda
Silicon-unit-cell-3D-balls

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaJöns Berzelius
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1824
etimologiaLatin: silex, silicus, (flint).
pronunciationSIL-i-ken (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
282.000 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
2,2 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,026 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
14 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,09 %
Abundance in Universe
0,07 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4255
2p4.055
2s4.98
3p9.7148
3s9.0968