Titanij[um]

Titanij[um] (Ti)

hemijski element sa simbolom Ti i atomskim brojem 22
Atomic Number22
Atomic Weight47.867
Maseni broj48
Group4
Period4
Blockd
Proton22 p+
Neutron26 n0
Elektron22 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Ti (Titanij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
140 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
136 pm
Metallic Radius
132 pm
Ionski radijus
86 pm
Crystal Radius
100 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
211 pm
gustoća
4,506 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Titanij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
876 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,82812 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ti (Titanij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
422,6 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
18,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
473 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 10, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Ti (Titanij[um])
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Ti (Titanij[um])
electron configuration[Ar] 3d2 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d2 4s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Ti (Titanij[um])
Orbital Diagram of Ti (Titanij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.54
Electrophilicity Index
0,8836023565738941 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.560,15 K
Melting Point
1.943,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery grey-white metallic
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
21,9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000086 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,523 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
2,5 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000004 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
0,4 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000401 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000001919 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0001807
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
6 MPa
bulk modulus
110 GPa
shear modulus
44 GPa
Young's modulus
116 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,32
Brzina zvuka
4.140 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIVA
IUPAC GroupIVB
Glawe Number51
Mendeleev Number43
Pettifor Number51
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
853,7 kJ/mol
polarizability
100 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1.044 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
6,1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0044
Kvantni brojevi3F2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Titanium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes24
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition4873.72%4873.72%468.25%468.25%477.44%477.44%495.41%495.41%505.18%505.18%

37Ti

Maseni broj37
broj neutrona15
relative atomic mass
37,027021 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

38Ti

Maseni broj38
broj neutrona16
relative atomic mass
38,012206 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)

39Ti

Maseni broj39
broj neutrona17
relative atomic mass
39,002684 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28,5 ± 0,9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)93.7%
2p (2-proton emission)

40Ti

Maseni broj40
broj neutrona18
relative atomic mass
39,990345146 ± 0,000073262 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
52,4 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)95.8%

41Ti

Maseni broj41
broj neutrona19
relative atomic mass
40,983148 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
81,9 ± 0,5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91.1%

42Ti

Maseni broj42
broj neutrona20
relative atomic mass
41,973049369 ± 0,000000289 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
208,3 ± 0,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

43Ti

Maseni broj43
broj neutrona21
relative atomic mass
42,96852842 ± 0,000006139 Da
g-factor
0,24285714285714 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
509 ± 5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

44Ti

Maseni broj44
broj neutrona22
relative atomic mass
43,959689936 ± 0,000000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
59,1 ± 0,3 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

45Ti

Maseni broj45
broj neutrona23
relative atomic mass
44,958120758 ± 0,000000897 Da
g-factor
0,027142857142857 ± 0,00057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
184,8 ± 0,5 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,015 ± 0,015
datum otkrića1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

46Ti

Maseni broj46
broj neutrona24
relative atomic mass
45,952626356 ± 0,000000097 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8,25 ± 0,03
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

47Ti

Maseni broj47
broj neutrona25
relative atomic mass
46,951757491 ± 0,000000085 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7,44 ± 0,02
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,302 ± 0,01
datum otkrića1934
parity-

48Ti

Maseni broj48
broj neutrona26
relative atomic mass
47,947940677 ± 0,000000079 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
73,72 ± 0,03
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1923
parity+

49Ti

Maseni broj49
broj neutrona27
relative atomic mass
48,947864391 ± 0,000000084 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
5,41 ± 0,02
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,247 ± 0,011
datum otkrića1934
parity-

50Ti

Maseni broj50
broj neutrona28
relative atomic mass
49,944785622 ± 0,000000088 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,18 ± 0,02
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

51Ti

Maseni broj51
broj neutrona29
relative atomic mass
50,946609468 ± 0,000000519 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,76 ± 0,01 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

52Ti

Maseni broj52
broj neutrona30
relative atomic mass
51,946883509 ± 0,000002948 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,7 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

53Ti

Maseni broj53
broj neutrona31
relative atomic mass
52,949670714 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,7 ± 0,9 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1977
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

54Ti

Maseni broj54
broj neutrona32
relative atomic mass
53,950892 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,1 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

55Ti

Maseni broj55
broj neutrona33
relative atomic mass
54,955091 ± 0,000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,3 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1980
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

56Ti

Maseni broj56
broj neutrona34
relative atomic mass
55,957677675 ± 0,000107569 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
200 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

57Ti

Maseni broj57
broj neutrona35
relative atomic mass
56,963068098 ± 0,00022102 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

58Ti

Maseni broj58
broj neutrona36
relative atomic mass
57,966808519 ± 0,000196823 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
55 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

59Ti

Maseni broj59
broj neutrona37
relative atomic mass
58,972217 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28,5 ± 1,9 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

60Ti

Maseni broj60
broj neutrona38
relative atomic mass
59,976275 ± 0,000258 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
22,2 ± 1,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

61Ti

Maseni broj61
broj neutrona39
relative atomic mass
60,982426 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15 ± 4 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

62Ti

Maseni broj62
broj neutrona40
relative atomic mass
61,986903 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

63Ti

Maseni broj63
broj neutrona41
relative atomic mass
62,993709 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

64Ti

Maseni broj64
broj neutrona42
relative atomic mass
63,998411 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2013
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

65Ti

Maseni broj65
broj neutrona43
relative atomic mass
65,005593 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Titan-crystal bar.JPG

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljWilliam Gregor
mjesto otkrićaEngland
datum otkrića1791
EtimologijaGreek: titanos (Titans).
pronunciationtie-TAY-ni-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
5.650 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,001 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,054 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.5591
2p3.9352
2s6.6234
3d13.8586
3p11.8963
3s10.9669
4s17.1832