Titani

Titani (Ti)

chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22
Atomic Number22
Atomic Weight47.867
Rhif màs48
Group4
Period4
Blockd
Proton22 p+
Niwtron26 n0
Electron22 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ti (Titani)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
140 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
136 pm
Metallic Radius
132 pm
ionic radius
86 pm
Crystal Radius
100 pm
Van der Waals radius
211 pm
density
4.506 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Titani0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
876 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
6.82812 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ti (Titani)
enthalpy of vaporization
422.6 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
18.8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
473 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 10, 2
Bohr model: Ti (Titani)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ti (Titani)
trefn yr electronnau[Ar] 3d2 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d2 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ti (Titani)
Orbital Diagram of Ti (Titani)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Electronegatifedd
1.54
Electrophilicity Index
0.8836023565738941 eV/particle
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,560.15 K
Melting Point
1,943.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
lliw
Silver
appearancesilvery grey-white metallic
Mynegrif plygiant
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
21.9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0.0000086 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.523 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
2.5 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.0000004 m Ω
superconductivity
0.4 K
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000401 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000001919 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0001807
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2.95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
6 MPa
bulk modulus
110 GPa
shear modulus
44 GPa
Young's modulus
116 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.32
speed of sound
4,140 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIVA
IUPAC GroupIVB
Glawe Number51
Mendeleev Number43
Pettifor Number51
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
853.7 kJ/mol
polarizability
100 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1,044 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
6.1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0044
quantum number3F2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Titanium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes24
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition4873.72%4873.72%468.25%468.25%477.44%477.44%495.41%495.41%505.18%505.18%

37Ti

Rhif màs37
neutron number15
relative atomic mass
37.027021 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

38Ti

Rhif màs38
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
38.012206 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)

39Ti

Rhif màs39
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
39.002684 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
28.5 ± 0.9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)93.7%
2p (2-proton emission)

40Ti

Rhif màs40
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
39.990345146 ± 0.000073262 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
52.4 ± 0.3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)95.8%

41Ti

Rhif màs41
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
40.983148 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
81.9 ± 0.5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91.1%

42Ti

Rhif màs42
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
41.973049369 ± 0.000000289 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
208.3 ± 0.4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

43Ti

Rhif màs43
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
42.96852842 ± 0.000006139 Da
g-factor
0.24285714285714 ± 0.0057142857142857
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
509 ± 5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

44Ti

Rhif màs44
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
43.959689936 ± 0.000000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
59.1 ± 0.3 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

45Ti

Rhif màs45
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
44.958120758 ± 0.000000897 Da
g-factor
0.027142857142857 ± 0.00057142857142857
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
184.8 ± 0.5 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.015 ± 0.015
dyddiad darganfod1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

46Ti

Rhif màs46
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
45.952626356 ± 0.000000097 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8.25 ± 0.03
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity+

47Ti

Rhif màs47
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
46.951757491 ± 0.000000085 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7.44 ± 0.02
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.302 ± 0.01
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity-

48Ti

Rhif màs48
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
47.947940677 ± 0.000000079 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
73.72 ± 0.03
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1923
parity+

49Ti

Rhif màs49
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
48.947864391 ± 0.000000084 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
5.41 ± 0.02
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.247 ± 0.011
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity-

50Ti

Rhif màs50
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
49.944785622 ± 0.000000088 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5.18 ± 0.02
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity+

51Ti

Rhif màs51
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
50.946609468 ± 0.000000519 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
5.76 ± 0.01 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

52Ti

Rhif màs52
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
51.946883509 ± 0.000002948 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.7 ± 0.1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

53Ti

Rhif màs53
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
52.949670714 ± 0.0000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
32.7 ± 0.9 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1977
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

54Ti

Rhif màs54
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
53.950892 ± 0.000017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.1 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

55Ti

Rhif màs55
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
54.955091 ± 0.000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.3 ± 0.1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1980
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

56Ti

Rhif màs56
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
55.957677675 ± 0.000107569 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
200 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

57Ti

Rhif màs57
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
56.963068098 ± 0.00022102 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
95 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

58Ti

Rhif màs58
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
57.966808519 ± 0.000196823 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
55 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

59Ti

Rhif màs59
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
58.972217 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
28.5 ± 1.9 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

60Ti

Rhif màs60
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
59.976275 ± 0.000258 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
22.2 ± 1.6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

61Ti

Rhif màs61
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
60.982426 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
15 ± 4 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

62Ti

Rhif màs62
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
61.986903 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

63Ti

Rhif màs63
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
62.993709 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

64Ti

Rhif màs64
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
63.998411 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2013
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

65Ti

Rhif màs65
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
65.005593 ± 0.000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Titan-crystal bar.JPG

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrWilliam Gregor
man darganfodEngland
dyddiad darganfod1791
geirdarddiadGreek: titanos (Titans).
ynganiadtie-TAY-ni-em (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
5,650 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.001 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.054 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.0004 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.5591
2p3.9352
2s6.6234
3d13.8586
3p11.8963
3s10.9669
4s17.1832