Titanij

Titanij (Ti)

chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22
Atomski broj22
Relativna atomska masa47.867
Maseni broj48
Skupina4
Perioda4
Blokd
proton22 p+
neutron26 n0
elektron22 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Ti (Titanij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
140 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
136 pm
Metallic Radius
132 pm
Ionski radijus
86 pm
Crystal Radius
100 pm
Van der Waals radius
211 pm
gustoća
4,506 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Titanij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
876 kJ/mol
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
6,82812 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ti (Titanij)
Toplina isparivanja
422,6 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
18,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
473 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 10, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Ti (Titanij)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ti (Titanij)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d2 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d2 4s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Ti (Titanij)
Orbital Diagram of Ti (Titanij)
Oksidacijski broj-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.54
Electrophilicity Index
0,8836023565738941 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
3.560,15 K
Talište
1.943,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery grey-white metallic
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
21,9 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000086 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,06 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,523 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
2,5 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,0000004 m Ω
Supravodljivost
0,4 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000401 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000001919 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0001807
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna heksagonska (HEX)
lattice constant
2,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
6 MPa
bulk modulus
110 GPa
shear modulus
44 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
116 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,32
brzina zvuka
4.140 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupIVA
IUPAC GroupIVB
Glawe Number51
Mendeleev Number43
Pettifor Number51
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
853,7 kJ/mol
polarizability
100 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1.044 a₀
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
6,1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0044
Kvantni brojevi3F2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Titanium

Stabilni izotopi5
Nestabilni izotopi24
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition4873.72%4873.72%468.25%468.25%477.44%477.44%495.41%495.41%505.18%505.18%

37Ti

Maseni broj37
neutron number15
Relativna atomska masa
37,027021 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

38Ti

Maseni broj38
neutron number16
Relativna atomska masa
38,012206 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)

39Ti

Maseni broj39
neutron number17
Relativna atomska masa
39,002684 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28,5 ± 0,9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1990
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)93.7%
2p (2-proton emission)

40Ti

Maseni broj40
neutron number18
Relativna atomska masa
39,990345146 ± 0,000073262 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
52,4 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)95.8%

41Ti

Maseni broj41
neutron number19
Relativna atomska masa
40,983148 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
81,9 ± 0,5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91.1%

42Ti

Maseni broj42
neutron number20
Relativna atomska masa
41,973049369 ± 0,000000289 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
208,3 ± 0,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

43Ti

Maseni broj43
neutron number21
Relativna atomska masa
42,96852842 ± 0,000006139 Da
g-factor
0,24285714285714 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
509 ± 5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

44Ti

Maseni broj44
neutron number22
Relativna atomska masa
43,959689936 ± 0,000000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
59,1 ± 0,3 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

45Ti

Maseni broj45
neutron number23
Relativna atomska masa
44,958120758 ± 0,000000897 Da
g-factor
0,027142857142857 ± 0,00057142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
184,8 ± 0,5 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,015 ± 0,015
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1941
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

46Ti

Maseni broj46
neutron number24
Relativna atomska masa
45,952626356 ± 0,000000097 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8,25 ± 0,03
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

47Ti

Maseni broj47
neutron number25
Relativna atomska masa
46,951757491 ± 0,000000085 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7,44 ± 0,02
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,302 ± 0,01
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost-

48Ti

Maseni broj48
neutron number26
Relativna atomska masa
47,947940677 ± 0,000000079 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
73,72 ± 0,03
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1923
Parnost+

49Ti

Maseni broj49
neutron number27
Relativna atomska masa
48,947864391 ± 0,000000084 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
5,41 ± 0,02
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,247 ± 0,011
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost-

50Ti

Maseni broj50
neutron number28
Relativna atomska masa
49,944785622 ± 0,000000088 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,18 ± 0,02
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

51Ti

Maseni broj51
neutron number29
Relativna atomska masa
50,946609468 ± 0,000000519 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,76 ± 0,01 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1947
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

52Ti

Maseni broj52
neutron number30
Relativna atomska masa
51,946883509 ± 0,000002948 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,7 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1966
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

53Ti

Maseni broj53
neutron number31
Relativna atomska masa
52,949670714 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,7 ± 0,9 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

54Ti

Maseni broj54
neutron number32
Relativna atomska masa
53,950892 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,1 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

55Ti

Maseni broj55
neutron number33
Relativna atomska masa
54,955091 ± 0,000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,3 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

56Ti

Maseni broj56
neutron number34
Relativna atomska masa
55,957677675 ± 0,000107569 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
200 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

57Ti

Maseni broj57
neutron number35
Relativna atomska masa
56,963068098 ± 0,00022102 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1985
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

58Ti

Maseni broj58
neutron number36
Relativna atomska masa
57,966808519 ± 0,000196823 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
55 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1992
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

59Ti

Maseni broj59
neutron number37
Relativna atomska masa
58,972217 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28,5 ± 1,9 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

60Ti

Maseni broj60
neutron number38
Relativna atomska masa
59,976275 ± 0,000258 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
22,2 ± 1,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

61Ti

Maseni broj61
neutron number39
Relativna atomska masa
60,982426 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15 ± 4 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

62Ti

Maseni broj62
neutron number40
Relativna atomska masa
61,986903 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2009
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

63Ti

Maseni broj63
neutron number41
Relativna atomska masa
62,993709 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2009
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

64Ti

Maseni broj64
neutron number42
Relativna atomska masa
63,998411 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2013
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

65Ti

Maseni broj65
neutron number43
Relativna atomska masa
65,005593 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Titan-crystal bar.JPG

povijest

otkrio/izumioWilliam Gregor
location of discoveryEngland
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1791
EtimologijaGreek: titanos (Titans).
pronunciationtie-TAY-ni-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
5.650 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,001 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,054 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0004 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.5591
2p3.9352
2s6.6234
3d13.8586
3p11.8963
3s10.9669
4s17.1832