Sink

Sink (Zn)

chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
Massagetal64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
proton30 p+
neutron34 n0
elektron30 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zn (Sink)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
Ioonradius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
201 pm
density
7,134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Sink0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
608,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
9,394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Sink)
Verdampingswarmte
114,8 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
7,28 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
130,4 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 2
Bohr model: Zn (Sink)
Valenselektrone2
Lewisteorie: Zn (Sink)
elektronkonfigurasie[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zn (Sink)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Sink)
Oksidasietoestand-2, 0, 1, 2
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 180,15 K
Melting Point
692,677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Slate Gray
appearancesilver-gray
Brekingsindeks
1,00205
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,388 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
17 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000005900000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
0,85 K
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,00000000221 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000145 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000158
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
2,5 MPa
Massamodulus
70 GPa
Skuifmodulus
43 GPa
Young se modulus
108 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,25
Spoed van klank
3 700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38,67 ± 0,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
quantum number1S0
Ruimtegroep194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

Massagetal54
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
53,993879 ± 0,000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,8 ± 0,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

Massagetal55
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
54,984681 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
19,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

Massagetal56
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
55,972743 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
32,4 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

Massagetal57
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
56,965056 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
45,7 ± 0,6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

Massagetal58
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
57,954590296 ± 0,000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
86 ± 1,9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

Massagetal59
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
58,949311886 ± 0,000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
178,7 ± 1,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

Massagetal60
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
59,941841317 ± 0,000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,38 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

Massagetal61
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
60,939506964 ± 0,000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
89,1 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

Massagetal62
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
61,934333359 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,193 ± 0,015 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

Massagetal63
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
62,93321114 ± 0,000001674 Da
g-factor
-0,18762 ± 0,000033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
38,47 ± 0,05 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

Massagetal64
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
63,929141776 ± 0,00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49,17 ± 0,75
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

Massagetal65
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
64,929240534 ± 0,000000693 Da
g-factor
0,30736 ± 0,00008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
243,94 ± 0,04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,019 ± 0,002
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

Massagetal66
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
65,926033639 ± 0,000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,73 ± 0,98
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

67Zn

Massagetal67
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
66,927127422 ± 0,00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4,04 ± 0,16
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,122 ± 0,01
ontdekkingsdatum1928
parity-

68Zn

Massagetal68
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
67,924844232 ± 0,000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,45 ± 0,63
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

69Zn

Massagetal69
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
68,92655036 ± 0,000000853 Da
g-factor
1,114 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
56,4 ± 0,9 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

Massagetal70
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
69,925319175 ± 0,000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,61 ± 0,1
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

Massagetal71
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
70,927719578 ± 0,000002849 Da
g-factor
1,102 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,4 ± 0,05 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

Massagetal72
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
71,926842806 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
46,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

Massagetal73
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
72,92958258 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
1,1162 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
24,5 ± 0,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

Massagetal74
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
73,92940726 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
95,6 ± 1,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

Massagetal75
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
74,932840244 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
-0,22517142857143 ± 0,00025714285714286
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

Massagetal76
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
75,933114956 ± 0,000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,7 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

Massagetal77
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
76,936887197 ± 0,000002117 Da
g-factor
-0,25905714285714 ± 0,000028571428571429
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,08 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,48 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

Massagetal78
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
77,938289204 ± 0,000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,47 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

Massagetal79
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
78,942638067 ± 0,000002388 Da
g-factor
-0,26348888888889 ± 0,00022222222222222
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
746 ± 42 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

Massagetal80
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
79,944552929 ± 0,000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
562,2 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

Massagetal81
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
80,950402617 ± 0,0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
299,4 ± 2,1 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

Massagetal82
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
81,954574097 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
177,9 ± 2,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

Massagetal83
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
82,961041 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
100 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

Massagetal84
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
83,965829 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
54 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

Massagetal85
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
84,973054 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

Massagetal86
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
85,978463 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurKnown to the ancients.
ligging van ontdekking
ontdekkingsdatum
etimologieGerman: zink (German for tin).
uitspraakZINK (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,0049 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,0033 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,018 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348