Cink

Cink (Zn)

hemijski element sa simbolom Zn i atomskim brojem 30
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
Maseni broj64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
Proton30 p+
Neutron34 n0
Elektron30 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Zn (Cink)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
135 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
Ionski radijus
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
201 pm
gustoća
7,134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Cink0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
608,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
9,394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Cink)
Toplota isparavanja
114,8 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
7,28 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
130,4 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Zn (Cink)
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Zn (Cink)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Zn (Cink)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Cink)
oksidacijsko stanje-2, 0, 1, 2
Elektronegativnost
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.180,15 K
Melting Point
692,677 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Slate Gray
appearancesilver-gray
Indeks prelamanja
1,00205
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,388 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
17 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000005900000000001 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
0,85 K
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,00000000221 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000145 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000158
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
2,5 MPa
bulk modulus
70 GPa
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
108 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,25
Brzina zvuka
3.700 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38,67 ± 0,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

Maseni broj54
broj neutrona24
relative atomic mass
53,993879 ± 0,000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,8 ± 0,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

Maseni broj55
broj neutrona25
relative atomic mass
54,984681 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

Maseni broj56
broj neutrona26
relative atomic mass
55,972743 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,4 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

Maseni broj57
broj neutrona27
relative atomic mass
56,965056 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
45,7 ± 0,6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

Maseni broj58
broj neutrona28
relative atomic mass
57,954590296 ± 0,000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
86 ± 1,9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

Maseni broj59
broj neutrona29
relative atomic mass
58,949311886 ± 0,000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
178,7 ± 1,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

Maseni broj60
broj neutrona30
relative atomic mass
59,941841317 ± 0,000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,38 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

Maseni broj61
broj neutrona31
relative atomic mass
60,939506964 ± 0,000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
89,1 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

Maseni broj62
broj neutrona32
relative atomic mass
61,934333359 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,193 ± 0,015 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

Maseni broj63
broj neutrona33
relative atomic mass
62,93321114 ± 0,000001674 Da
g-factor
-0,18762 ± 0,000033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,47 ± 0,05 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

Maseni broj64
broj neutrona34
relative atomic mass
63,929141776 ± 0,00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49,17 ± 0,75
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

Maseni broj65
broj neutrona35
relative atomic mass
64,929240534 ± 0,000000693 Da
g-factor
0,30736 ± 0,00008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
243,94 ± 0,04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,019 ± 0,002
datum otkrića1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

Maseni broj66
broj neutrona36
relative atomic mass
65,926033639 ± 0,000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,73 ± 0,98
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

67Zn

Maseni broj67
broj neutrona37
relative atomic mass
66,927127422 ± 0,00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4,04 ± 0,16
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,122 ± 0,01
datum otkrića1928
parity-

68Zn

Maseni broj68
broj neutrona38
relative atomic mass
67,924844232 ± 0,000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,45 ± 0,63
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

69Zn

Maseni broj69
broj neutrona39
relative atomic mass
68,92655036 ± 0,000000853 Da
g-factor
1,114 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
56,4 ± 0,9 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

Maseni broj70
broj neutrona40
relative atomic mass
69,925319175 ± 0,000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,61 ± 0,1
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

Maseni broj71
broj neutrona41
relative atomic mass
70,927719578 ± 0,000002849 Da
g-factor
1,102 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,4 ± 0,05 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

Maseni broj72
broj neutrona42
relative atomic mass
71,926842806 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
46,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

Maseni broj73
broj neutrona43
relative atomic mass
72,92958258 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
1,1162 ± 0,001
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
24,5 ± 0,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

Maseni broj74
broj neutrona44
relative atomic mass
73,92940726 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95,6 ± 1,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

Maseni broj75
broj neutrona45
relative atomic mass
74,932840244 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
-0,22517142857143 ± 0,00025714285714286
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

Maseni broj76
broj neutrona46
relative atomic mass
75,933114956 ± 0,000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,7 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

Maseni broj77
broj neutrona47
relative atomic mass
76,936887197 ± 0,000002117 Da
g-factor
-0,25905714285714 ± 0,000028571428571429
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,08 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,48 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

Maseni broj78
broj neutrona48
relative atomic mass
77,938289204 ± 0,000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,47 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

Maseni broj79
broj neutrona49
relative atomic mass
78,942638067 ± 0,000002388 Da
g-factor
-0,26348888888889 ± 0,00022222222222222
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
746 ± 42 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

Maseni broj80
broj neutrona50
relative atomic mass
79,944552929 ± 0,000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
562,2 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

Maseni broj81
broj neutrona51
relative atomic mass
80,950402617 ± 0,0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
299,4 ± 2,1 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

Maseni broj82
broj neutrona52
relative atomic mass
81,954574097 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
177,9 ± 2,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

Maseni broj83
broj neutrona53
relative atomic mass
82,961041 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
100 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

Maseni broj84
broj neutrona54
relative atomic mass
83,965829 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
54 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

Maseni broj85
broj neutrona55
relative atomic mass
84,973054 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

Maseni broj86
broj neutrona56
relative atomic mass
85,978463 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljKnown to the ancients.
mjesto otkrića
datum otkrića
EtimologijaGerman: zink (German for tin).
pronunciationZINK (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (okean)
0,0049 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,0033 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,018 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348