Zinc

Zinc (Zn)

chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
Rhif màs64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
Proton30 p+
Niwtron34 n0
Electron30 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zn (Zinc)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
ionic radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
201 pm
density
7.134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zinc0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
608.6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
9.394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Zinc)
enthalpy of vaporization
114.8 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
7.28 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
130.4 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 18, 2
Bohr model: Zn (Zinc)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zn (Zinc)
trefn yr electronnau[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zn (Zinc)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Zinc)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-2, 0, 1, 2
Electronegatifedd
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,180.15 K
Melting Point
692.677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
lliw
Slate Gray
appearancesilver-gray
Mynegrif plygiant
1.00205
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.388 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
17 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.00000005900000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
0.85 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.00000000221 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000145 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000158
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2.66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
2.5 MPa
bulk modulus
70 GPa
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
108 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.25
speed of sound
3,700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38.67 ± 0.3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1.1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.00055
quantum number1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

Rhif màs54
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
53.993879 ± 0.000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.8 ± 0.5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

Rhif màs55
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
54.984681 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
19.8 ± 1.3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

Rhif màs56
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
55.972743 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
32.4 ± 0.7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

Rhif màs57
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
56.965056 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
45.7 ± 0.6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

Rhif màs58
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
57.954590296 ± 0.000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
86 ± 1.9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

Rhif màs59
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
58.949311886 ± 0.000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
178.7 ± 1.3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

Rhif màs60
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
59.941841317 ± 0.000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.38 ± 0.05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

Rhif màs61
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
60.939506964 ± 0.000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
89.1 ± 0.2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

Rhif màs62
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
61.934333359 ± 0.00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
9.193 ± 0.015 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

Rhif màs63
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
62.93321114 ± 0.000001674 Da
g-factor
-0.18762 ± 0.000033333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
38.47 ± 0.05 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 0.02
dyddiad darganfod1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

Rhif màs64
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
63.929141776 ± 0.00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49.17 ± 0.75
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

Rhif màs65
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
64.929240534 ± 0.000000693 Da
g-factor
0.30736 ± 0.00008
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
243.94 ± 0.04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.019 ± 0.002
dyddiad darganfod1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

Rhif màs66
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
65.926033639 ± 0.000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27.73 ± 0.98
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1922
parity+

67Zn

Rhif màs67
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
66.927127422 ± 0.00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4.04 ± 0.16
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.122 ± 0.01
dyddiad darganfod1928
parity-

68Zn

Rhif màs68
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
67.924844232 ± 0.000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18.45 ± 0.63
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1922
parity+

69Zn

Rhif màs69
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
68.92655036 ± 0.000000853 Da
g-factor
1.114 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
56.4 ± 0.9 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

Rhif màs70
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
69.925319175 ± 0.000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.61 ± 0.1
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

Rhif màs71
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
70.927719578 ± 0.000002849 Da
g-factor
1.102 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.4 ± 0.05 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

Rhif màs72
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
71.926842806 ± 0.0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
46.5 ± 0.1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

Rhif màs73
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
72.92958258 ± 0.000002 Da
g-factor
1.1162 ± 0.001
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
24.5 ± 0.2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

Rhif màs74
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
73.92940726 ± 0.0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
95.6 ± 1.2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

Rhif màs75
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
74.932840244 ± 0.0000021 Da
g-factor
-0.22517142857143 ± 0.00025714285714286
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
10.2 ± 0.2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.16 ± 0.02
dyddiad darganfod1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

Rhif màs76
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
75.933114956 ± 0.000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
5.7 ± 0.3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

Rhif màs77
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
76.936887197 ± 0.000002117 Da
g-factor
-0.25905714285714 ± 0.000028571428571429
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.08 ± 0.05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.48 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

Rhif màs78
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
77.938289204 ± 0.000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.47 ± 0.15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

Rhif màs79
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
78.942638067 ± 0.000002388 Da
g-factor
-0.26348888888889 ± 0.00022222222222222
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
746 ± 42 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.4 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

Rhif màs80
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
79.944552929 ± 0.000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
562.2 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

Rhif màs81
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
80.950402617 ± 0.0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
299.4 ± 2.1 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

Rhif màs82
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
81.954574097 ± 0.0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
177.9 ± 2.5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

Rhif màs83
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
82.961041 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
100 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

Rhif màs84
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
83.965829 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
54 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

Rhif màs85
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
84.973054 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

Rhif màs86
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
85.978463 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrKnown to the ancients.
man darganfod
dyddiad darganfod
geirdarddiadGerman: zink (German for tin).
ynganiadZINK (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.0049 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
0.0033 %
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.018 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348