Cink

Cink (Zn)

chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30
Atomski broj30
Relativna atomska masa65.38
Maseni broj64
Skupina12
Perioda4
Blokd
proton30 p+
neutron34 n0
elektron30 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Zn (Cink)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
135 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
Ionski radijus
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
201 pm
gustoća
7,134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Cink0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
608,6 kJ/mol
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
9,394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Cink)
Toplina isparivanja
114,8 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
7,28 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
130,4 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Zn (Cink)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zn (Cink)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Zn (Cink)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Cink)
Oksidacijski broj-2, 0, 1, 2
Elektronegativnost
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
1.180,15 K
Talište
692,677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Škriljasto siva
appearancesilver-gray
Indeks prelamanja
1,00205
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,39 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,388 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
17 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000005900000000001 m Ω
Supravodljivost
0,85 K
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
−0,00000000221 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
−0,000000000145 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
−0,0000158
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna heksagonska (HEX)
lattice constant
2,66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
2,5 MPa
bulk modulus
70 GPa
shear modulus
43 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
108 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,25
brzina zvuka
3.700 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38,67 ± 0,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
1,1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stabilni izotopi3
Nestabilni izotopi30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

Maseni broj54
neutron number24
Relativna atomska masa
53,993879 ± 0,000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,8 ± 0,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2005
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

Maseni broj55
neutron number25
Relativna atomska masa
54,984681 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2001
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

Maseni broj56
neutron number26
Relativna atomska masa
55,972743 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,4 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2001
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

Maseni broj57
neutron number27
Relativna atomska masa
56,965056 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
45,7 ± 0,6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1976
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

Maseni broj58
neutron number28
Relativna atomska masa
57,954590296 ± 0,000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
86 ± 1,9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1986
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

Maseni broj59
neutron number29
Relativna atomska masa
58,949311886 ± 0,000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
178,7 ± 1,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1981
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

Maseni broj60
neutron number30
Relativna atomska masa
59,941841317 ± 0,000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,38 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

Maseni broj61
neutron number31
Relativna atomska masa
60,939506964 ± 0,000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
89,1 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

Maseni broj62
neutron number32
Relativna atomska masa
61,934333359 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,193 ± 0,015 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

Maseni broj63
neutron number33
Relativna atomska masa
62,93321114 ± 0,000001674 Da
g-factor
−0,18762 ± 0,000033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,47 ± 0,05 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

Maseni broj64
neutron number34
Relativna atomska masa
63,929141776 ± 0,00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49,17 ± 0,75
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1922
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

Maseni broj65
neutron number35
Relativna atomska masa
64,929240534 ± 0,000000693 Da
g-factor
0,30736 ± 0,00008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
243,94 ± 0,04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,019 ± 0,002
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1939
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

Maseni broj66
neutron number36
Relativna atomska masa
65,926033639 ± 0,000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,73 ± 0,98
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1922
Parnost+

67Zn

Maseni broj67
neutron number37
Relativna atomska masa
66,927127422 ± 0,00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4,04 ± 0,16
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,122 ± 0,01
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1928
Parnost-

68Zn

Maseni broj68
neutron number38
Relativna atomska masa
67,924844232 ± 0,000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,45 ± 0,63
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1922
Parnost+

69Zn

Maseni broj69
neutron number39
Relativna atomska masa
68,92655036 ± 0,000000853 Da
g-factor
1,114 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
56,4 ± 0,9 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

Maseni broj70
neutron number40
Relativna atomska masa
69,925319175 ± 0,000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,61 ± 0,1
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1922
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

Maseni broj71
neutron number41
Relativna atomska masa
70,927719578 ± 0,000002849 Da
g-factor
1,102 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,4 ± 0,05 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

Maseni broj72
neutron number42
Relativna atomska masa
71,926842806 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
46,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

Maseni broj73
neutron number43
Relativna atomska masa
72,92958258 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
1,1162 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
24,5 ± 0,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

Maseni broj74
neutron number44
Relativna atomska masa
73,92940726 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95,6 ± 1,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

Maseni broj75
neutron number45
Relativna atomska masa
74,932840244 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
−0,22517142857143 ± 0,00025714285714286
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1974
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

Maseni broj76
neutron number46
Relativna atomska masa
75,933114956 ± 0,000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,7 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1974
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

Maseni broj77
neutron number47
Relativna atomska masa
76,936887197 ± 0,000002117 Da
g-factor
−0,25905714285714 ± 0,000028571428571429
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,08 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,48 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

Maseni broj78
neutron number48
Relativna atomska masa
77,938289204 ± 0,000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,47 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

Maseni broj79
neutron number49
Relativna atomska masa
78,942638067 ± 0,000002388 Da
g-factor
−0,26348888888889 ± 0,00022222222222222
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
746 ± 42 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1981
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

Maseni broj80
neutron number50
Relativna atomska masa
79,944552929 ± 0,000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
562,2 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1981
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

Maseni broj81
neutron number51
Relativna atomska masa
80,950402617 ± 0,0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
299,4 ± 2,1 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1991
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

Maseni broj82
neutron number52
Relativna atomska masa
81,954574097 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
177,9 ± 2,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

Maseni broj83
neutron number53
Relativna atomska masa
82,961041 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
100 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

Maseni broj84
neutron number54
Relativna atomska masa
83,965829 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
54 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

Maseni broj85
neutron number55
Relativna atomska masa
84,973054 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

Maseni broj86
neutron number56
Relativna atomska masa
85,978463 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

povijest

otkrio/izumioKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
EtimologijaGerman: zink (German for tin).
pronunciationZINK (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
natural abundance (ocean)
0,0049 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,0033 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,018 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0002 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348