Zinc

Zinc (Zn)

chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
mass number64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
proton30 p+
neutron34 n0
electron30 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zn (Zinc)

Proprietat Fisica

Rai Atomic
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
ionic radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Rai de van der Waals
201 pm
densitat
7.134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zinc0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmRai AtomicCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusRai de van der Waals

Chemical Property

energia
proton affinity
608.6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
9.394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Zinc)
enthalpy of vaporization
114.8 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
7.28 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
130.4 kJ/mol
electron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 2
Bohr model: Zn (Zinc)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zn (Zinc)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zn (Zinc)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Zinc)
oxidation number-2, 0, 1, 2
Electronegativitat
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
estat de la matèriaSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1180.15 K
Melting Point
692.677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Ponch triple
appearance
Color
Slate Gray
appearancesilver-gray
Indici de refraccion
1.00205
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.388 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
17 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0.00000005900000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
0.85 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.00000000221 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000145 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000158
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
estructura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2.66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Duretat
2.5 MPa
bulk modulus
70 GPa
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
108 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.25
speed of sound
3700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38.67 ± 0.3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1.1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.00055
quantum number1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

mass number54
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
53.993879 ± 0.000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
1.8 ± 0.5 ms
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

mass number55
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
54.984681 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
19.8 ± 1.3 ms
Espin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
data de descobèrta2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

mass number56
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
55.972743 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
32.4 ± 0.7 ms
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

mass number57
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
56.965056 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
45.7 ± 0.6 ms
Espin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
data de descobèrta1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

mass number58
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
57.954590296 ± 0.000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
86 ± 1.9 ms
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

mass number59
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
58.949311886 ± 0.000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
178.7 ± 1.3 ms
Espin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
data de descobèrta1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

mass number60
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
59.941841317 ± 0.000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
2.38 ± 0.05 m
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

mass number61
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
60.939506964 ± 0.000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
89.1 ± 0.2 s
Espin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
data de descobèrta1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

mass number62
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
61.934333359 ± 0.00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
9.193 ± 0.015 h
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

mass number63
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
62.93321114 ± 0.000001674 Da
g-factor
-0.18762 ± 0.000033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
38.47 ± 0.05 m
Espin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 0.02
data de descobèrta1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

mass number64
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
63.929141776 ± 0.00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49.17 ± 0.75
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

mass number65
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
64.929240534 ± 0.000000693 Da
g-factor
0.30736 ± 0.00008
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
243.94 ± 0.04 d
Espin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.019 ± 0.002
data de descobèrta1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

mass number66
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
65.926033639 ± 0.000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27.73 ± 0.98
Radioactivitatstable isotope
SemividaNot Radioactive ☢️
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1922
parity+

67Zn

mass number67
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
66.927127422 ± 0.00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4.04 ± 0.16
Radioactivitatstable isotope
SemividaNot Radioactive ☢️
Espin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.122 ± 0.01
data de descobèrta1928
parity-

68Zn

mass number68
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
67.924844232 ± 0.000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18.45 ± 0.63
Radioactivitatstable isotope
SemividaNot Radioactive ☢️
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1922
parity+

69Zn

mass number69
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
68.92655036 ± 0.000000853 Da
g-factor
1.114 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
56.4 ± 0.9 m
Espin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

mass number70
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
69.925319175 ± 0.000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.61 ± 0.1
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

mass number71
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
70.927719578 ± 0.000002849 Da
g-factor
1.102 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
2.4 ± 0.05 m
Espin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

mass number72
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
71.926842806 ± 0.0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
46.5 ± 0.1 h
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

mass number73
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
72.92958258 ± 0.000002 Da
g-factor
1.1162 ± 0.001
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
24.5 ± 0.2 s
Espin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

mass number74
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
73.92940726 ± 0.0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
95.6 ± 1.2 s
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

mass number75
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
74.932840244 ± 0.0000021 Da
g-factor
-0.22517142857143 ± 0.00025714285714286
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
10.2 ± 0.2 s
Espin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.16 ± 0.02
data de descobèrta1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

mass number76
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
75.933114956 ± 0.000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
5.7 ± 0.3 s
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

mass number77
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
76.936887197 ± 0.000002117 Da
g-factor
-0.25905714285714 ± 0.000028571428571429
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
2.08 ± 0.05 s
Espin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.48 ± 0.04
data de descobèrta1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

mass number78
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
77.938289204 ± 0.000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
1.47 ± 0.15 s
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

mass number79
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
78.942638067 ± 0.000002388 Da
g-factor
-0.26348888888889 ± 0.00022222222222222
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
746 ± 42 ms
Espin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.4 ± 0.04
data de descobèrta1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

mass number80
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
79.944552929 ± 0.000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
562.2 ± 3 ms
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

mass number81
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
80.950402617 ± 0.0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
299.4 ± 2.1 ms
Espin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

mass number82
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
81.954574097 ± 0.0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
177.9 ± 2.5 ms
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

mass number83
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
82.961041 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
100 ± 3 ms
Espin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
data de descobèrta1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

mass number84
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
83.965829 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
54 ± 8 ms
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

mass number85
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
84.973054 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
Espin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
data de descobèrta2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

mass number86
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
85.978463 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioactivitat☢️ radioactive element
Semivida
Espin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
data de descobèrta
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

istòria

descobridor o inventaireKnown to the ancients.
luòc de descobèrta
data de descobèrta
EtimologiaGerman: zink (German for tin).
pronunciationZINK (English)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Ocean)
0.0049 mg/L
natural abundance (còs uman)
0.0033 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0.018 %
natural abundance (Solelh)
0.0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348