Zinki, ²Bati

Zinki, ²Bati (Zn)

chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
mass number64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
protoni30 p+
nyutroni34 n0
elektroni30 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zn (Zinki, ²Bati)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
ionic radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
201 pm
msongamano
7.134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zinki, ²Bati0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

nishati
proton affinity
608.6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
9.394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Zinki, ²Bati)
enthalpy of vaporization
114.8 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
7.28 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
130.4 kJ/mol
elektroni
Mzingo elektroni2, 8, 18, 2
Bohr model: Zn (Zinki, ²Bati)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zn (Zinki, ²Bati)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zn (Zinki, ²Bati)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Zinki, ²Bati)
oxidation number-2, 0, 1, 2
electronegativity
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,180.15 K
Melting Point
692.677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Kiwango utatu
appearance
Rangi
Slate Gray
appearancesilver-gray
refractive index
1.00205
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.388 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
17 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0.00000005900000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
0.85 K
Uga sumaku
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.00000000221 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000145 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000158
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2.66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
2.5 MPa
bulk modulus
70 GPa
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
108 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.25
speed of sound
3,700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38.67 ± 0.3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1.1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.00055
quantum number1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

mass number54
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
53.993879 ± 0.000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.8 ± 0.5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi2005
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

mass number55
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
54.984681 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
19.8 ± 1.3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2001
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

mass number56
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
55.972743 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
32.4 ± 0.7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi2001
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

mass number57
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
56.965056 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
45.7 ± 0.6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1976
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

mass number58
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
57.954590296 ± 0.000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
86 ± 1.9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1986
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

mass number59
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
58.949311886 ± 0.000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
178.7 ± 1.3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1981
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

mass number60
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
59.941841317 ± 0.000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
2.38 ± 0.05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1955
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

mass number61
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
60.939506964 ± 0.000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
89.1 ± 0.2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1955
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

mass number62
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
61.934333359 ± 0.00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
9.193 ± 0.015 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1948
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

mass number63
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
62.93321114 ± 0.000001674 Da
g-factor
-0.18762 ± 0.000033333333333333
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
38.47 ± 0.05 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 0.02
Uvumbuzi1937
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

mass number64
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
63.929141776 ± 0.00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49.17 ± 0.75
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1922
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

mass number65
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
64.929240534 ± 0.000000693 Da
g-factor
0.30736 ± 0.00008
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
243.94 ± 0.04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.019 ± 0.002
Uvumbuzi1939
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

mass number66
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
65.926033639 ± 0.000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27.73 ± 0.98
Unururifustable isotope
NusumaishaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1922
parity+

67Zn

mass number67
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
66.927127422 ± 0.00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4.04 ± 0.16
Unururifustable isotope
NusumaishaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.122 ± 0.01
Uvumbuzi1928
parity-

68Zn

mass number68
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
67.924844232 ± 0.000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18.45 ± 0.63
Unururifustable isotope
NusumaishaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1922
parity+

69Zn

mass number69
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
68.92655036 ± 0.000000853 Da
g-factor
1.114 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
56.4 ± 0.9 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1937
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

mass number70
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
69.925319175 ± 0.000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.61 ± 0.1
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1922
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

mass number71
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
70.927719578 ± 0.000002849 Da
g-factor
1.102 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
2.4 ± 0.05 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1955
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

mass number72
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
71.926842806 ± 0.0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
46.5 ± 0.1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1951
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

mass number73
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
72.92958258 ± 0.000002 Da
g-factor
1.1162 ± 0.001
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
24.5 ± 0.2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1972
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

mass number74
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
73.92940726 ± 0.0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
95.6 ± 1.2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1972
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

mass number75
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
74.932840244 ± 0.0000021 Da
g-factor
-0.22517142857143 ± 0.00025714285714286
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
10.2 ± 0.2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.16 ± 0.02
Uvumbuzi1974
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

mass number76
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
75.933114956 ± 0.000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
5.7 ± 0.3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1974
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

mass number77
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
76.936887197 ± 0.000002117 Da
g-factor
-0.25905714285714 ± 0.000028571428571429
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
2.08 ± 0.05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.48 ± 0.04
Uvumbuzi1977
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

mass number78
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
77.938289204 ± 0.000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.47 ± 0.15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1977
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

mass number79
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
78.942638067 ± 0.000002388 Da
g-factor
-0.26348888888889 ± 0.00022222222222222
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
746 ± 42 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.4 ± 0.04
Uvumbuzi1981
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

mass number80
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
79.944552929 ± 0.000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
562.2 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1981
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

mass number81
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
80.950402617 ± 0.0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
299.4 ± 2.1 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1991
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

mass number82
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
81.954574097 ± 0.0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
177.9 ± 2.5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1997
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

mass number83
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
82.961041 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
100 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1997
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

mass number84
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
83.965829 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
54 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi2010
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

mass number85
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
84.973054 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2010
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

mass number86
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
85.978463 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

historia

mgunduzi au mvumbuziKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
Uvumbuzi
EtimolojiaGerman: zink (German for tin).
pronunciationZINK (Kiingereza)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Bahari)
0.0049 mg/L
natural abundance (Mwili)
0.0033 %
natural abundance (Kimondo)
0.018 %
natural abundance (Jua)
0.0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348