Руҳ

Руҳ (Zn)

chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
Адади массавӣ64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
proton30 p+
neutron34 n0
electron30 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zn (Руҳ)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
ionic radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
201 pm
зичӣ
7,134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Руҳ0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
608,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
9,394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Руҳ)
enthalpy of vaporization
114,8 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
7,28 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
130,4 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 2
Bohr model: Zn (Руҳ)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zn (Руҳ)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zn (Руҳ)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Руҳ)
oxidation number-2, 0, 1, 2
electronegativity
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 180,15 K
Melting Point
692,677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Slate Gray
appearancesilver-gray
refractive index
1,00205
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
17 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000005900000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
0,85 K
magnetism
навъdiamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,00000000221 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000145 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000158
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
2,5 MPa
bulk modulus
70 GPa
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
108 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,25
speed of sound
3 700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38,67 ± 0,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
ададҳои квантӣ1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

Адади массавӣ54
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
53,993879 ± 0,000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,8 ± 0,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

Адади массавӣ55
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
54,984681 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

Адади массавӣ56
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
55,972743 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,4 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

Адади массавӣ57
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
56,965056 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,7 ± 0,6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

Адади массавӣ58
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
57,954590296 ± 0,000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
86 ± 1,9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

Адади массавӣ59
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
58,949311886 ± 0,000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
178,7 ± 1,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

Адади массавӣ60
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
59,941841317 ± 0,000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,38 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

Адади массавӣ61
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
60,939506964 ± 0,000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
89,1 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

Адади массавӣ62
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
61,934333359 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,193 ± 0,015 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

Адади массавӣ63
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
62,93321114 ± 0,000001674 Da
g-factor
-0,18762 ± 0,000033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,47 ± 0,05 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

Адади массавӣ64
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
63,929141776 ± 0,00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49,17 ± 0,75
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

Адади массавӣ65
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
64,929240534 ± 0,000000693 Da
g-factor
0,30736 ± 0,00008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
243,94 ± 0,04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,019 ± 0,002
таърихи кашф1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

Адади массавӣ66
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
65,926033639 ± 0,000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,73 ± 0,98
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1922
parity+

67Zn

Адади массавӣ67
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
66,927127422 ± 0,00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4,04 ± 0,16
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,122 ± 0,01
таърихи кашф1928
parity-

68Zn

Адади массавӣ68
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
67,924844232 ± 0,000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,45 ± 0,63
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1922
parity+

69Zn

Адади массавӣ69
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
68,92655036 ± 0,000000853 Da
g-factor
1,114 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56,4 ± 0,9 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

Адади массавӣ70
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
69,925319175 ± 0,000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,61 ± 0,1
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

Адади массавӣ71
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
70,927719578 ± 0,000002849 Da
g-factor
1,102 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,05 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

Адади массавӣ72
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
71,926842806 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
46,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

Адади массавӣ73
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
72,92958258 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
1,1162 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24,5 ± 0,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

Адади массавӣ74
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
73,92940726 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95,6 ± 1,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

Адади массавӣ75
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
74,932840244 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
-0,22517142857143 ± 0,00025714285714286
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

Адади массавӣ76
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
75,933114956 ± 0,000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,7 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

Адади массавӣ77
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
76,936887197 ± 0,000002117 Da
g-factor
-0,25905714285714 ± 0,000028571428571429
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,08 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,48 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

Адади массавӣ78
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
77,938289204 ± 0,000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,47 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

Адади массавӣ79
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
78,942638067 ± 0,000002388 Da
g-factor
-0,26348888888889 ± 0,00022222222222222
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
746 ± 42 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

Адади массавӣ80
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
79,944552929 ± 0,000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
562,2 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

Адади массавӣ81
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
80,950402617 ± 0,0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
299,4 ± 2,1 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

Адади массавӣ82
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
81,954574097 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
177,9 ± 2,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

Адади массавӣ83
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
82,961041 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
100 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

Адади массавӣ84
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
83,965829 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
54 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

Адади массавӣ85
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
84,973054 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

Адади массавӣ86
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
85,978463 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

таърих

кошифKnown to the ancients.
макони кашф
таърихи кашф
РешашиносӣGerman: zink (German for tin).
pronunciationZINK (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,0049 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,0033 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,018 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348