Proprietăți

CAS Number7440-69-9
PubChem CID5359367
Rază atomică156
Volum molar21,3
Masă atomică208,98
Blocp
Punct de fierbere1.564
Bulk Modulus
CategorieMetale post-tranziţionale
Structură cristalinăBază Centrată Monoclinic
CuloareGri
Rază de covalență148
Densitate9,78
Electrical Resistivity
Configurație electronică[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Electroni pe nivelul de energie2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Electronegativitate2,02
Electrons83
Grupă15
Energie de fuziune10,9
Energie de evaporare160
Potențial de ionizare7,286
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Masa208,98
Mass Number83
Punct de topire271,5
NumeBismut
Neutroni126
Număr atomic209
Număr de oxidare-3, 3, 5
Perioadă6
FazăSolid
Poisson Ratio
Protoni83
Shear Modulus
Căldură specifică0,122
SimbolBi
Conductivitate termică0,08
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Abundență naturală
Abundența în scoarța Pământului2.5×10-6%
Abundența în Univers7×10-8%
Bi Bismut 83 208.9804 15 6 p 83 271.0 1560.0 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3 2 8 18 32 18 5 9.75 2.5E-6% Gray Rhombohedral 2.0 2.01 {"1":"703","2":"1610","3":"2466","4":"4370","5":"5400","6":"8520"} 711 91.2 170 +3,5 1.7 21.3 11.0 179.0 0.122 7.87 0 1.9×101919y AlphaEmission Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, PoorMetal BIZ-meth Hard, brittle, steel-gray metal with a pink tint. Main use is in pharmaceuticals and low melting point alloys used as fuses. It can be found free in nature and in minerals like bismuthine (Bi2O3) and in bismuth ochre (Bi2O3) jUHN9a1zNA4 Bismuth
Erbium was discovered in 1843 by Swedish chemist Carl Gustaf Mosander, who detected it as an impurity in yttria.

Using ammonium hydroxide he precipitated fractions of different basicity from yttria.

In these fractions he found that the fraction that contained the pink color was erbium. Erbium a fost numit după Ytterby, un oraș în Suedia 83 From the German word "bisemutum"

Isotopes of Erbium

Standard Atomic Weight

208.98040(1)

Izotopi stabili

209Bi

Izotopi instabili

184Bi 185Bi 186Bi 187Bi 188Bi 189Bi 190Bi 191Bi 192Bi 193Bi 194Bi 195Bi 196Bi 197Bi 198Bi 199Bi 200Bi 201Bi 202Bi 203Bi 204Bi 205Bi 206Bi 207Bi 208Bi 210Bi 211Bi 212Bi 213Bi 214Bi 215Bi 216Bi 217Bi 218Bi

Erbium is considered to be moderately toxic
The highest concentration of erbium in humans is in the bones
Erbium is used in photographic filters to absorb infrared light.

Erbium oxide gives a pink color and has been used as a colorant in glasses and porcelain enamel glazes.

It is also used in nuclear technology in neutron-absorbing control rods.

Erbium is used in alloys especially with vanadium to decrease the hardness of metals.