Свойства

CAS Number7440-43-9
PubChem CID23973
Атомный радиус151
Атомный объем13,1
Атомный вес112,411
Блокd
Температура кипения767
Bulk Modulus
КатегорияПереходные металлы
Кристаллическая структураПростой шестиугольник
ЦветСеребряный
Ковалентный радиус144
Плотность8,69
Electrical Resistivity
Электронная конфигурация[Kr] 4d10 5s2
Электронов на оболочку2, 8, 18, 18, 2
Электроотрицательность1,69
Electrons48
Группа12
Теплота плавления6,3
Теплота парообразования100
Ионизационный потенциал8,994
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Масса112,411
Mass Number48
Температура плавления321,07
ИмяКадмий
Нейтроны64
Атомный номер112
Состояния окисления1, 2
Период5
ФазаТвердое тело
Poisson Ratio
Протоны48
Shear Modulus
Удельная теплоемкость0,232
СимволCd
Теплопроводность0,968
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Избыток
Избыток на Земле0.000015%
Избыток во Вселенной2×10-7%
Cd Кадмий 48 112.411 12 5 d 48 320.9 765.0 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 2 8 18 18 2 8.65 0.000015% Silver Hexagonal 1.7 1.52 {"1":"867.8","2":"1631.4","3":"3616"} 868 0 148 2 1.71 13.1 6.07 99.87 0.233 96.8 0 Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, TransitionMetal, Metal, Stable, Natural KAD-me-em Soft, malleable, blue-white metal. Used in nickel-cadmium batteries. Also in electroplating steel and in the manufacture of berings. Its compounds are found in paint pigments and a wide variety of intense colors. Boiling cadmium gives off a weird, yellow-colored vapor that is poisonous. Obtained as a by product of zinc refining. boRius1DYdQ Cadmium
Scottish chemist Sir William Ramsay and his assistant English chemist Morris Travers discovered krypton in 1898 in London.

They found krypton in the residue left from evaporating nearly all components of liquid air.

William Ramsay was awarded the 1904 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovery of a series of noble gases, including krypton. От греческого слова криптос, спрятанный 48 1817 Friedrich Strohmeyer Germany Somewhat confusingly, from the Latin word "cadmia" meaning "calamine" (zinc carbonate, ZnCO3) and from the Greek word "kadmeia" with the same meaning.

Изотопы криптона

Standard Atomic Weight

112.414(4)

Стабильные изотопы

106Cd 108Cd 110Cd 111Cd 112Cd 113Cd 114Cd 116Cd

Нестабильные изотопы

95Cd 96Cd 97Cd 98Cd 99Cd 100Cd 101Cd 102Cd 103Cd 104Cd 105Cd 107Cd 109Cd 115Cd 117Cd 118Cd 119Cd 120Cd 121Cd 122Cd 123Cd 124Cd 125Cd 126Cd 127Cd 128Cd 129Cd 130Cd 131Cd 132Cd

Krypton is considered to be non-toxic
When ionized, krypton gas emits bright white light
Krypton is used in certain photographic flash lamps for high-speed photography.

Krypton-83 has application in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for imaging airways.

Krypton is used as a filling gas for energy-saving fluorescent lights and as an inert filling gas in incandescent bulbs.