Aluminij[um]

Aluminij[um] (Al)

hemijski element sa simbolom Al i atomskim brojem 13
Atomic Number13
Atomic Weight26.9815385
Maseni broj27
Group13
Period3
Blockp
Proton13 p+
Neutron14 n0
Elektron13 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Al (Aluminij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
125 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
126 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
Ionski radijus
39 pm
Crystal Radius
53 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
184 pm
gustoća
2,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Aluminij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,43283 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,9857684 eV/particle
ionization energy of Al (Aluminij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
284,1 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
10,75 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
330,9 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 3
Bohrov model atoma: Al (Aluminij[um])
Valentni elektron3
Lewis structure: Al (Aluminij[um])
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Al (Aluminij[um])
Orbital Diagram of Al (Aluminij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativnost
1.61
Electrophilicity Index
0,9274010094475963 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2.792,15 K
Melting Point
933,473 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
6.700,15 K
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery gray metallic
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000231 1/K
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0,897 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
38 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,000000026 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
1,175 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000078 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000021 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000211
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,05 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
2,75 MPa
bulk modulus
76 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
70 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,35
Brzina zvuka
5.100 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number78
Mendeleev Number82
Pettifor Number80
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
57,8 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
528 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,233
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,03
Kvantni brojevi2P1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Aluminum

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes22
Natural Isotopes1

21Al

Maseni broj21
broj neutrona8
relative atomic mass
21,029082 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

22Al

Maseni broj22
broj neutrona9
relative atomic mass
22,01954 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
91,1 ± 0,5 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)55%
2p (2-proton emission)1.1%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.038%

23Al

Maseni broj23
broj neutrona10
relative atomic mass
23,007244351 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
1,556 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
446 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.22%

24Al

Maseni broj24
broj neutrona11
relative atomic mass
23,999947598 ± 0,000000244 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,053 ± 0,004 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.035%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0016%

25Al

Maseni broj25
broj neutrona12
relative atomic mass
24,990428308 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
1,45788 ± 0,00048
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,1666 ± 0,0023 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,24 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

26Al

Maseni broj26
broj neutrona13
relative atomic mass
25,986891876 ± 0,000000071 Da
g-factor
0,5606 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
717 ± 24 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,26 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

27Al

Maseni broj27
broj neutrona14
relative atomic mass
26,981538408 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
1,45628 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1466 ± 0,001
datum otkrića1922
parity+

28Al

Maseni broj28
broj neutrona15
relative atomic mass
27,981910009 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
1,0803333333333 ± 0,0016666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,245 ± 0,005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,172 ± 0,012
datum otkrića1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

29Al

Maseni broj29
broj neutrona16
relative atomic mass
28,980453164 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,56 ± 0,06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

30Al

Maseni broj30
broj neutrona17
relative atomic mass
29,982969171 ± 0,000002077 Da
g-factor
1,004 ± 0,0023333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,62 ± 0,06 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

31Al

Maseni broj31
broj neutrona18
relative atomic mass
30,983949754 ± 0,0000024 Da
g-factor
1,5328 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
644 ± 25 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,134 ± 0,002
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.6%

32Al

Maseni broj32
broj neutrona19
relative atomic mass
31,988084338 ± 0,0000077 Da
g-factor
1,953 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,6 ± 0,5 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0255 ± 0,0003
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

33Al

Maseni broj33
broj neutrona20
relative atomic mass
32,990877685 ± 0,0000075 Da
g-factor
1,636 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
41,46 ± 0,09 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,141 ± 0,003
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8.5%

34Al

Maseni broj34
broj neutrona21
relative atomic mass
33,996781924 ± 0,000002259 Da
g-factor
0,53925 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
53,73 ± 0,13 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

35Al

Maseni broj35
broj neutrona22
relative atomic mass
34,999759816 ± 0,0000079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,16 ± 0,21 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Al

Maseni broj36
broj neutrona23
relative atomic mass
36,006388 ± 0,0001605 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
90 ± 40 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31%
2n (2-neutron emission)

37Al

Maseni broj37
broj neutrona24
relative atomic mass
37,010531 ± 0,0001935 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,4 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)52%
2n (2-neutron emission)1%

38Al

Maseni broj38
broj neutrona25
relative atomic mass
38,017681 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)84%
2n (2-neutron emission)

39Al

Maseni broj39
broj neutrona26
relative atomic mass
39,02307 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,6 ± 1,6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)97%
2n (2-neutron emission)

40Al

Maseni broj40
broj neutrona27
relative atomic mass
40,03094 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1996
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

41Al

Maseni broj41
broj neutrona28
relative atomic mass
41,037134 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

42Al

Maseni broj42
broj neutrona29
relative atomic mass
42,045078 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2007
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

43Al

Maseni broj43
broj neutrona30
relative atomic mass
43,05182 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2007
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Aluminium-4
Aluminium bar surface etched

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljHans Christian Oersted
mjesto otkrićaDenmark
datum otkrića1825
EtimologijaLatin: alumen, aluminis, (alum).
pronunciationah-LOO-men-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
82.300 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,002 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,00009 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,91 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.409
2p4.0366
2s4.7864
3p8.9344
3s8.8828