Aluminioa

Aluminioa (Al)

13 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number13
Atomic Weight26.9815385
masa-zenbaki27
Group13
Period3
Blockp
protoi13 p+
neutroi14 n0
elektroi13 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Al (Aluminioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
125 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
126 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
Erradio ioniko
39 pm
Crystal Radius
53 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
184 pm
dentsitatea
2,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Aluminioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
0,43283 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
5,9857684 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Al (Aluminioa)
Irakite-entalpia
284,1 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
10,75 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
330,9 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 3
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Al (Aluminioa)
balentzia-elektroi3
Lewis egitura: Al (Aluminioa)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Al (Aluminioa)
Orbital Diagram of Al (Aluminioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatibotasun
1.61
Electrophilicity Index
0,9274010094475963 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
2.792,15 K
Melting Point
933,473 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
6.700,15 K
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery gray metallic
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000231 1/K
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0,897 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
38 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,000000026 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
1,175 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000078 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,00000000021 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0000211
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,05 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
2,75 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
76 GPa
Zizaila modulua
26 GPa
Youngen modulu
70 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,35
Soinuaren lastertasun
5.100 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number78
Mendeleev Number82
Pettifor Number80
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
57,8 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
528 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,233
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,03
zenbaki kuantiko2P1/2
talde espazial225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Aluminum

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes22
Natural Isotopes1

21Al

masa-zenbaki21
neutron number8
atomo-masa erlatibo
21,029082 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

22Al

masa-zenbaki22
neutron number9
atomo-masa erlatibo
22,01954 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
91,1 ± 0,5 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)55%
2p (2-proton emission)1.1%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.038%

23Al

masa-zenbaki23
neutron number10
atomo-masa erlatibo
23,007244351 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
1,556 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
446 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.22%

24Al

masa-zenbaki24
neutron number11
atomo-masa erlatibo
23,999947598 ± 0,000000244 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,053 ± 0,004 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.035%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0016%

25Al

masa-zenbaki25
neutron number12
atomo-masa erlatibo
24,990428308 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
1,45788 ± 0,00048
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,1666 ± 0,0023 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,24 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

26Al

masa-zenbaki26
neutron number13
atomo-masa erlatibo
25,986891876 ± 0,000000071 Da
g-factor
0,5606 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
717 ± 24 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,26 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

27Al

masa-zenbaki27
neutron number14
atomo-masa erlatibo
26,981538408 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
1,45628 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1466 ± 0,001
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

28Al

masa-zenbaki28
neutron number15
atomo-masa erlatibo
27,981910009 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
1,0803333333333 ± 0,0016666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,245 ± 0,005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,172 ± 0,012
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

29Al

masa-zenbaki29
neutron number16
atomo-masa erlatibo
28,980453164 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,56 ± 0,06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

30Al

masa-zenbaki30
neutron number17
atomo-masa erlatibo
29,982969171 ± 0,000002077 Da
g-factor
1,004 ± 0,0023333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,62 ± 0,06 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

31Al

masa-zenbaki31
neutron number18
atomo-masa erlatibo
30,983949754 ± 0,0000024 Da
g-factor
1,5328 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
644 ± 25 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,134 ± 0,002
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.6%

32Al

masa-zenbaki32
neutron number19
atomo-masa erlatibo
31,988084338 ± 0,0000077 Da
g-factor
1,953 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32,6 ± 0,5 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0255 ± 0,0003
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

33Al

masa-zenbaki33
neutron number20
atomo-masa erlatibo
32,990877685 ± 0,0000075 Da
g-factor
1,636 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
41,46 ± 0,09 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,141 ± 0,003
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8.5%

34Al

masa-zenbaki34
neutron number21
atomo-masa erlatibo
33,996781924 ± 0,000002259 Da
g-factor
0,53925 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
53,73 ± 0,13 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

35Al

masa-zenbaki35
neutron number22
atomo-masa erlatibo
34,999759816 ± 0,0000079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
38,16 ± 0,21 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Al

masa-zenbaki36
neutron number23
atomo-masa erlatibo
36,006388 ± 0,0001605 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
90 ± 40 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31%
2n (2-neutron emission)

37Al

masa-zenbaki37
neutron number24
atomo-masa erlatibo
37,010531 ± 0,0001935 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,4 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)52%
2n (2-neutron emission)1%

38Al

masa-zenbaki38
neutron number25
atomo-masa erlatibo
38,017681 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)84%
2n (2-neutron emission)

39Al

masa-zenbaki39
neutron number26
atomo-masa erlatibo
39,02307 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,6 ± 1,6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)97%
2n (2-neutron emission)

40Al

masa-zenbaki40
neutron number27
atomo-masa erlatibo
40,03094 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

41Al

masa-zenbaki41
neutron number28
atomo-masa erlatibo
41,037134 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

42Al

masa-zenbaki42
neutron number29
atomo-masa erlatibo
42,045078 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2007
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

43Al

masa-zenbaki43
neutron number30
atomo-masa erlatibo
43,05182 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2007
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Aluminium-4
Aluminium bar surface etched

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaHans Christian Oersted
aurkikuntzaren lekuaDenmark
aurkikuntza-data1825
etimologiaLatin: alumen, aluminis, (alum).
pronunciationah-LOO-men-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
82.300 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,002 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,00009 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,91 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.409
2p4.0366
2s4.7864
3p8.9344
3s8.8828