Aluminij

Aluminij (Al)

metallic chemical element of silvery appearance with symbol Al and atomic number 13
Atomski broj13
Relativna atomska masa26.9815385
Maseni broj27
Skupina13
Perioda3
Blokp
proton13 p+
neutron14 n0
elektron13 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Al (Aluminij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
125 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
126 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
Ionski radijus
39 pm
Crystal Radius
53 pm
Van der Waals radius
184 pm
gustoća
2,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Aluminij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
0,43283 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,9857684 eV/particle
ionization energy of Al (Aluminij)
Toplina isparivanja
284,1 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
10,75 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
330,9 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 3
Bohrov model atoma: Al (Aluminij)
valence electron3
Lewis structure: Al (Aluminij)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Al (Aluminij)
Orbital Diagram of Al (Aluminij)
Oksidacijski broj-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativnost
1.61
Electrophilicity Index
0,9274010094475963 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
2.792,15 K
Talište
933,473 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
6.700,15 K
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery gray metallic
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000231 1/K
molar heat capacity
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,897 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
38 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,000000026 m Ω
Supravodljivost
1,175 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000078 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,00000000021 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0000211
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna plošno centrirana (FCC)
lattice constant
4,05 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
2,75 MPa
bulk modulus
76 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
70 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,35
brzina zvuka
5.100 m/s
classification
KategorijaSlabi metali, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number78
Mendeleev Number82
Pettifor Number80
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
57,8 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
528 a₀
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
0,233
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,03
Kvantni brojevi2P1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Aluminum

Stabilni izotopi1
Nestabilni izotopi22
Natural Isotopes1

21Al

Maseni broj21
neutron number8
Relativna atomska masa
21,029082 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

22Al

Maseni broj22
neutron number9
Relativna atomska masa
22,01954 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
91,1 ± 0,5 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)55%
2p (2-proton emission)1.1%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.038%

23Al

Maseni broj23
neutron number10
Relativna atomska masa
23,007244351 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
1,556 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
446 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1969
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.22%

24Al

Maseni broj24
neutron number11
Relativna atomska masa
23,999947598 ± 0,000000244 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,053 ± 0,004 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1953
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.035%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0016%

25Al

Maseni broj25
neutron number12
Relativna atomska masa
24,990428308 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
1,45788 ± 0,00048
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,1666 ± 0,0023 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,24 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1953
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

26Al

Maseni broj26
neutron number13
Relativna atomska masa
25,986891876 ± 0,000000071 Da
g-factor
0,5606 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
717 ± 24 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,26 ± 0,03
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

27Al

Maseni broj27
neutron number14
Relativna atomska masa
26,981538408 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
1,45628 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
100
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1466 ± 0,001
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1922
Parnost+

28Al

Maseni broj28
neutron number15
Relativna atomska masa
27,981910009 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
1,0803333333333 ± 0,0016666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,245 ± 0,005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,172 ± 0,012
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

29Al

Maseni broj29
neutron number16
Relativna atomska masa
28,980453164 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,56 ± 0,06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1939
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

30Al

Maseni broj30
neutron number17
Relativna atomska masa
29,982969171 ± 0,000002077 Da
g-factor
1,004 ± 0,0023333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,62 ± 0,06 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1961
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

31Al

Maseni broj31
neutron number18
Relativna atomska masa
30,983949754 ± 0,0000024 Da
g-factor
1,5328 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
644 ± 25 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,134 ± 0,002
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.6%

32Al

Maseni broj32
neutron number19
Relativna atomska masa
31,988084338 ± 0,0000077 Da
g-factor
1,953 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,6 ± 0,5 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0255 ± 0,0003
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

33Al

Maseni broj33
neutron number20
Relativna atomska masa
32,990877685 ± 0,0000075 Da
g-factor
1,636 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
41,46 ± 0,09 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,141 ± 0,003
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8.5%

34Al

Maseni broj34
neutron number21
Relativna atomska masa
33,996781924 ± 0,000002259 Da
g-factor
0,53925 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
53,73 ± 0,13 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

35Al

Maseni broj35
neutron number22
Relativna atomska masa
34,999759816 ± 0,0000079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,16 ± 0,21 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1979
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Al

Maseni broj36
neutron number23
Relativna atomska masa
36,006388 ± 0,0001605 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
90 ± 40 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1979
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31%
2n (2-neutron emission)

37Al

Maseni broj37
neutron number24
Relativna atomska masa
37,010531 ± 0,0001935 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,4 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1979
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)52%
2n (2-neutron emission)1%

38Al

Maseni broj38
neutron number25
Relativna atomska masa
38,017681 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)84%
2n (2-neutron emission)

39Al

Maseni broj39
neutron number26
Relativna atomska masa
39,02307 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,6 ± 1,6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)97%
2n (2-neutron emission)

40Al

Maseni broj40
neutron number27
Relativna atomska masa
40,03094 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1996
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

41Al

Maseni broj41
neutron number28
Relativna atomska masa
41,037134 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

42Al

Maseni broj42
neutron number29
Relativna atomska masa
42,045078 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2007
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

43Al

Maseni broj43
neutron number30
Relativna atomska masa
43,05182 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2007
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Aluminium-4
Aluminium bar surface etched

povijest

otkrio/izumioHans Christian Oersted
location of discoveryDenmark
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1825
EtimologijaLatin: alumen, aluminis, (alum).
pronunciationah-LOO-men-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
82.300 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,002 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,00009 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,91 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,006 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.409
2p4.0366
2s4.7864
3p8.9344
3s8.8828