Konumohe

Konumohe (Al)

metallic chemical element of silvery appearance with symbol Al and atomic number 13
Atomic Number13
Atomic Weight26.9815385
mass number27
Group13
Period3
Blockp
proton13 p+
neutron14 n0
electron13 e-
Animated Bohr model of Al (Konumohe)

Āhuatanga Ōkiko

Atomic Radius
125 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
126 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
ionic radius
39 pm
Crystal Radius
53 pm
Van der Waals radius
184 pm
density
2.7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Konumohe0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energy
proton affinity
electron affinity
0.43283 eV/particle
ionization energy
5.9857684 eV/particle
ionization energy of Al (Konumohe)
enthalpy of vaporization
284.1 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
10.75 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
330.9 kJ/mol
electron
electron shell2, 8, 3
Bohr model: Al (Konumohe)
valence electron3
Lewis structure: Al (Konumohe)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
Enhanced Bohr model of Al (Konumohe)
Orbital Diagram of Al (Konumohe)
oxidation number-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
1.61
Electrophilicity Index
0.9274010094475963 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2,792.15 K
Melting Point
933.473 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
6,700.15 K
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery gray metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000231 1/K
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0.897 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
38 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0.000000026 m Ω
superconductivity
1.175 K
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000078 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.00000000021 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0000211
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4.05 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2.75 MPa
bulk modulus
76 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
70 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.35
speed of sound
5,100 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number78
Mendeleev Number82
Pettifor Number80
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
57.8 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
528 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0.233
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.03
quantum number2P1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Aluminum

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes22
Natural Isotopes1

21Al

mass number21
neutron number8
relative atomic mass
21.029082 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

22Al

mass number22
neutron number9
relative atomic mass
22.01954 ± 0.00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
91.1 ± 0.5 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1982
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)55%
2p (2-proton emission)1.1%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.038%

23Al

mass number23
neutron number10
relative atomic mass
23.007244351 ± 0.00000037 Da
g-factor
1.556 ± 0.008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
446 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.22%

24Al

mass number24
neutron number11
relative atomic mass
23.999947598 ± 0.000000244 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2.053 ± 0.004 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.035%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0016%

25Al

mass number25
neutron number12
relative atomic mass
24.990428308 ± 0.000000069 Da
g-factor
1.45788 ± 0.00048
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7.1666 ± 0.0023 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.24 ± 0.02
time of discovery or invention1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

26Al

mass number26
neutron number13
relative atomic mass
25.986891876 ± 0.000000071 Da
g-factor
0.5606 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
717 ± 24 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.26 ± 0.03
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

27Al

mass number27
neutron number14
relative atomic mass
26.981538408 ± 0.00000005 Da
g-factor
1.45628 ± 0.000008
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.1466 ± 0.001
time of discovery or invention1922
parity+

28Al

mass number28
neutron number15
relative atomic mass
27.981910009 ± 0.000000052 Da
g-factor
1.0803333333333 ± 0.0016666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2.245 ± 0.005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.172 ± 0.012
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

29Al

mass number29
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
28.980453164 ± 0.00000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6.56 ± 0.06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

30Al

mass number30
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
29.982969171 ± 0.000002077 Da
g-factor
1.004 ± 0.0023333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3.62 ± 0.06 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

31Al

mass number31
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
30.983949754 ± 0.0000024 Da
g-factor
1.5328 ± 0.002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
644 ± 25 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.134 ± 0.002
time of discovery or invention1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.6%

32Al

mass number32
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
31.988084338 ± 0.0000077 Da
g-factor
1.953 ± 0.002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32.6 ± 0.5 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.0255 ± 0.0003
time of discovery or invention1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

33Al

mass number33
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
32.990877685 ± 0.0000075 Da
g-factor
1.636 ± 0.002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
41.46 ± 0.09 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.141 ± 0.003
time of discovery or invention1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8.5%

34Al

mass number34
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
33.996781924 ± 0.000002259 Da
g-factor
0.53925 ± 0.004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
53.73 ± 0.13 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

35Al

mass number35
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
34.999759816 ± 0.0000079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38.16 ± 0.21 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Al

mass number36
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
36.006388 ± 0.0001605 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
90 ± 40 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31%
2n (2-neutron emission)

37Al

mass number37
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
37.010531 ± 0.0001935 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11.4 ± 0.3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)52%
2n (2-neutron emission)1%

38Al

mass number38
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
38.017681 ± 0.000161 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9 ± 0.7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)84%
2n (2-neutron emission)

39Al

mass number39
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
39.02307 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7.6 ± 1.6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)97%
2n (2-neutron emission)

40Al

mass number40
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
40.03094 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1996
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

41Al

mass number41
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
41.037134 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

42Al

mass number42
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
42.045078 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2007
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

43Al

mass number43
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
43.05182 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2007
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Aluminium-4
Aluminium bar surface etched

kōrero nehe

discoverer or inventorHans Christian Oersted
location of discoveryDenmark
time of discovery or invention1825
etymologyLatin: alumen, aluminis, (alum).
pronunciationah-LOO-men-em (Ingarihi)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
82,300 mg/kg
natural abundance (Moana nui)
0.002 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0.00009 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0.91 %
natural abundance (Te Rā)
0.006 %
Abundance in Universe
0.005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.409
2p4.0366
2s4.7864
3p8.9344
3s8.8828