Alumin

Alumin (Al)

metallic chemical element of silvery appearance with symbol Al and atomic number 13
Atomic Number13
Atomic Weight26.9815385
Numri i masës27
Group13
Period3
Blockp
protoni13 p+
neutroni14 n0
elektroni13 e-
Animated Bohr model of Al (Alumin)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
125 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
126 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
ionic radius
39 pm
Crystal Radius
53 pm
Van der Waals radius
184 pm
density
2,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Alumin0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,43283 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,9857684 eV/particle
ionization energy of Al (Alumin)
enthalpy of vaporization
284,1 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
10,75 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
330,9 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 3
Bohr model: Al (Alumin)
valence electron3
Lewis structure: Al (Alumin)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Ne] 3s2 3p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
Enhanced Bohr model of Al (Alumin)
Orbital Diagram of Al (Alumin)
oxidation number-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativiteti
1.61
Electrophilicity Index
0,9274010094475963 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 792,15 K
Melting Point
933,473 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
6 700,15 K
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery gray metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000231 1/K
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0,897 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
38 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,000000026 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
1,175 K
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000078 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000021 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000211
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,05 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2,75 MPa
bulk modulus
76 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
70 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,35
Shpejtësia e zërit
5 100 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number78
Mendeleev Number82
Pettifor Number80
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
57,8 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
528 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,233
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,03
numër kuantik2P1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Aluminum

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes22
Natural Isotopes1

21Al

Numri i masës21
numri i neutroneve8
relative atomic mass
21,029082 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

22Al

Numri i masës22
numri i neutroneve9
relative atomic mass
22,01954 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
91,1 ± 0,5 ms
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)55%
2p (2-proton emission)1.1%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.038%

23Al

Numri i masës23
numri i neutroneve10
relative atomic mass
23,007244351 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
1,556 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
446 ± 6 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.22%

24Al

Numri i masës24
numri i neutroneve11
relative atomic mass
23,999947598 ± 0,000000244 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,053 ± 0,004 s
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1953
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.035%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0016%

25Al

Numri i masës25
numri i neutroneve12
relative atomic mass
24,990428308 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
1,45788 ± 0,00048
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,1666 ± 0,0023 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,24 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1953
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

26Al

Numri i masës26
numri i neutroneve13
relative atomic mass
25,986891876 ± 0,000000071 Da
g-factor
0,5606 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
717 ± 24 ky
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,26 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

27Al

Numri i masës27
numri i neutroneve14
relative atomic mass
26,981538408 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
1,45628 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1466 ± 0,001
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1922
parity+

28Al

Numri i masës28
numri i neutroneve15
relative atomic mass
27,981910009 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
1,0803333333333 ± 0,0016666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,245 ± 0,005 m
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,172 ± 0,012
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

29Al

Numri i masës29
numri i neutroneve16
relative atomic mass
28,980453164 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,56 ± 0,06 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1939
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

30Al

Numri i masës30
numri i neutroneve17
relative atomic mass
29,982969171 ± 0,000002077 Da
g-factor
1,004 ± 0,0023333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,62 ± 0,06 s
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1961
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

31Al

Numri i masës31
numri i neutroneve18
relative atomic mass
30,983949754 ± 0,0000024 Da
g-factor
1,5328 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
644 ± 25 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,134 ± 0,002
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.6%

32Al

Numri i masës32
numri i neutroneve19
relative atomic mass
31,988084338 ± 0,0000077 Da
g-factor
1,953 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,6 ± 0,5 ms
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0255 ± 0,0003
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

33Al

Numri i masës33
numri i neutroneve20
relative atomic mass
32,990877685 ± 0,0000075 Da
g-factor
1,636 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
41,46 ± 0,09 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,141 ± 0,003
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8.5%

34Al

Numri i masës34
numri i neutroneve21
relative atomic mass
33,996781924 ± 0,000002259 Da
g-factor
0,53925 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
53,73 ± 0,13 ms
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

35Al

Numri i masës35
numri i neutroneve22
relative atomic mass
34,999759816 ± 0,0000079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,16 ± 0,21 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Al

Numri i masës36
numri i neutroneve23
relative atomic mass
36,006388 ± 0,0001605 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
90 ± 40 ms
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31%
2n (2-neutron emission)

37Al

Numri i masës37
numri i neutroneve24
relative atomic mass
37,010531 ± 0,0001935 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,4 ± 0,3 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)52%
2n (2-neutron emission)1%

38Al

Numri i masës38
numri i neutroneve25
relative atomic mass
38,017681 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9 ± 0,7 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)84%
2n (2-neutron emission)

39Al

Numri i masës39
numri i neutroneve26
relative atomic mass
39,02307 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,6 ± 1,6 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)97%
2n (2-neutron emission)

40Al

Numri i masës40
numri i neutroneve27
relative atomic mass
40,03094 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1996
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

41Al

Numri i masës41
numri i neutroneve28
relative atomic mass
41,037134 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

42Al

Numri i masës42
numri i neutroneve29
relative atomic mass
42,045078 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2007
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

43Al

Numri i masës43
numri i neutroneve30
relative atomic mass
43,05182 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2007
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Aluminium-4
Aluminium bar surface etched

historia

zbuluesHans Christian Oersted
vendndodhja e zbulimitDenmark
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1825
EtimologjiaLatin: alumen, aluminis, (alum).
pronunciationah-LOO-men-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
82 300 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,002 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,00009 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,91 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.409
2p4.0366
2s4.7864
3p8.9344
3s8.8828