Urrea

Urrea (Au)

79 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number79
Atomic Weight196.966569
masa-zenbaki197
Group11
Period6
Blockd
protoi79 p+
neutroi118 n0
elektroi79 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Au (Urrea)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
135 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
124 pm
Metallic Radius
134 pm
Erradio ioniko
137 pm
Crystal Radius
151 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
214 pm
dentsitatea
19,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Urrea0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
2,30863 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
9,225553 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Au (Urrea)
Irakite-entalpia
340 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
12,68 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
368,2 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Au (Urrea)
balentzia-elektroi1
Lewis egitura: Au (Urrea)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Au (Urrea)
Orbital Diagram of Au (Urrea)
Oxidazio-egoera-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 5
Elektronegatibotasun
2.4
Electrophilicity Index
2,404200854149471 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.109,15 K
Melting Point
1.337,33 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Gold
appearancemetallic yellow
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000142 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,418 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,129 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
45 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,000000022 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,00000000178 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000351 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000344
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,08 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
2,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
220 GPa
Zizaila modulua
27 GPa
Youngen modulu
78 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,44
Soinuaren lastertasun
1.740 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIB
IUPAC GroupIB
Glawe Number66
Mendeleev Number73
Pettifor Number70
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
36 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
98,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,017
zenbaki kuantiko2S1/2
talde espazial225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Gold

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes1

168Au

masa-zenbaki168
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,002716 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

169Au

masa-zenbaki169
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,99808 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

170Au

masa-zenbaki170
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
169,996024 ± 0,000216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
290 ± 50 us
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2002
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)89%
α (α emission)11%

171Au

masa-zenbaki171
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
170,991881533 ± 0,000022236 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
22,3 ± 2,4 us
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
α (α emission)

172Au

masa-zenbaki172
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
171,989996704 ± 0,000060287 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
28 ± 4 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Au

masa-zenbaki173
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
172,986224263 ± 0,000024458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25,5 ± 0,8 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

174Au

masa-zenbaki174
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
173,984908 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
139 ± 3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Au

masa-zenbaki175
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
174,981316375 ± 0,000041399 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
200 ± 3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)88%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Au

masa-zenbaki176
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
175,980116925 ± 0,000035625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,05 ± 0,01 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Au

masa-zenbaki177
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
176,976869701 ± 0,0000107 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,1
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,501 ± 0,02 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)40%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)60%

178Au

masa-zenbaki178
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
177,976056714 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,4 ± 0,5 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)84%
α (α emission)16%

179Au

masa-zenbaki179
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
178,973173666 ± 0,000012555 Da
g-factor
2,02 ± 0,1
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,1 ± 0,3 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)78%
α (α emission)22%

180Au

masa-zenbaki180
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,972489738 ± 0,000005108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,9 ± 0,3 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.42%
α (α emission)0.58%

181Au

masa-zenbaki181
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
180,970079102 ± 0,000021445 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,7 ± 1,4 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)97.3%
α (α emission)2.7%

182Au

masa-zenbaki182
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
181,969614433 ± 0,000020143 Da
g-factor
0,65 ± 0,05
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15,5 ± 0,4 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.13%

183Au

masa-zenbaki183
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
182,967588106 ± 0,000010116 Da
g-factor
0,784 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
42,8 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.45%
α (α emission)0.55%

184Au

masa-zenbaki184
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
183,967451523 ± 0,000023912 Da
g-factor
0,412 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
20,6 ± 0,9 s
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,7 ± 0,3
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.013%

185Au

masa-zenbaki185
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
184,965798871 ± 0,0000028 Da
g-factor
0,864 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,25 ± 0,06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−1,1 ± 0,1
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.74%
α (α emission)0.26%

186Au

masa-zenbaki186
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
185,965952703 ± 0,000022509 Da
g-factor
−0,42 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,7 ± 0,5 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,1 ± 0,06
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0008%

187Au

masa-zenbaki187
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
186,964542147 ± 0,000024153 Da
g-factor
1,066 ± 0,03
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,3 ± 0,2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Au

masa-zenbaki188
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,965247966 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
−0,07 ± 0,03
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,84 ± 0,06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

189Au

masa-zenbaki189
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
188,963948286 ± 0,000021558 Da
g-factor
0,984 ± 0,028
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
28,7 ± 0,4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

190Au

masa-zenbaki190
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
189,964751746 ± 0,0000037 Da
g-factor
−0,065 ± 0,007
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
42,8 ± 1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1%

191Au

masa-zenbaki191
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
190,963716452 ± 0,000005288 Da
g-factor
0,090933333333333 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,18 ± 0,08 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,72 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

192Au

masa-zenbaki192
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
191,964817615 ± 0,000016991 Da
g-factor
−0,0107 ± 0,0015
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,94 ± 0,09 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,228 ± 0,008
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

193Au

masa-zenbaki193
neutron number114
atomo-masa erlatibo
192,964138442 ± 0,000009311 Da
g-factor
0,092733333333333 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,65 ± 0,15 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,66 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

194Au

masa-zenbaki194
neutron number115
atomo-masa erlatibo
193,965419051 ± 0,000002273 Da
g-factor
0,076 ± 0,0013
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
38,02 ± 0,1 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,24 ± 0,009
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

195Au

masa-zenbaki195
neutron number116
atomo-masa erlatibo
194,965037823 ± 0,000001201 Da
g-factor
0,098733333333333 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
186,01 ± 0,06 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,607 ± 0,018
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

196Au

masa-zenbaki196
neutron number117
atomo-masa erlatibo
195,966571213 ± 0,000003179 Da
g-factor
0,29415 ± 0,00025
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,165 ± 0,011 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,07
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)93%
β (β decay)7%

197Au

masa-zenbaki197
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
196,966570103 ± 0,000000581 Da
g-factor
0,0968 ± 0,00013333333333333
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,547 ± 0,016
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

198Au

masa-zenbaki198
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
197,968243714 ± 0,000000579 Da
g-factor
0,29555 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,69464 ± 0,00014 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,64 ± 0,019
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

199Au

masa-zenbaki199
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
198,968766573 ± 0,000000581 Da
g-factor
0,18033333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,139 ± 0,007 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,51 ± 0,016
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

200Au

masa-zenbaki200
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
199,970756558 ± 0,000028681 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
48,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

201Au

masa-zenbaki201
neutron number122
atomo-masa erlatibo
200,971657678 ± 0,000003455 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
26 ± 0,8 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

202Au

masa-zenbaki202
neutron number123
atomo-masa erlatibo
201,973856 ± 0,000025 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
28,4 ± 1,2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

203Au

masa-zenbaki203
neutron number124
atomo-masa erlatibo
202,975154492 ± 0,000003309 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
60 ± 6 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Au

masa-zenbaki204
neutron number125
atomo-masa erlatibo
203,97811 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
38,3 ± 1,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

205Au

masa-zenbaki205
neutron number126
atomo-masa erlatibo
204,980064 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32 ± 1,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

206Au

masa-zenbaki206
neutron number127
atomo-masa erlatibo
205,984766 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
47 ± 11 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

207Au

masa-zenbaki207
neutron number128
atomo-masa erlatibo
206,988577 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

208Au

masa-zenbaki208
neutron number129
atomo-masa erlatibo
207,993655 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

209Au

masa-zenbaki209
neutron number130
atomo-masa erlatibo
208,997606 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Au

masa-zenbaki210
neutron number131
atomo-masa erlatibo
210,002877 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Gold-crystals

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaKnown to the ancients.
aurkikuntzaren lekua
aurkikuntza-data
etimologiaAnglo-Saxon: geolo (yellow); symbol from Latin: aurum (shining dawn).
pronunciationGOLD (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,004 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000017 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5239
2p4.4868
2s20.6302
3d13.4917
3p22.297
3s23.2372
4d37.472
4f38.3504
4p35.4532
4s34.5868
5d58.8735
5p53.83
5s51.6725
6s68.062