Zlato

Zlato (Au)

chemical element with symbol Au and atomic number 79
Atomski broj79
Relativna atomska masa196.966569
Maseni broj197
Skupina11
Perioda6
Blokd
proton79 p+
neutron118 n0
elektron79 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Au (Zlato)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
135 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
124 pm
Metallic Radius
134 pm
Ionski radijus
137 pm
Crystal Radius
151 pm
Van der Waals radius
214 pm
gustoća
19,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zlato0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
2,30863 eV/particle
ionization energy
9,225553 eV/particle
ionization energy of Au (Zlato)
Toplina isparivanja
340 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
12,68 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
368,2 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
Bohrov model atoma: Au (Zlato)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Au (Zlato)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s1
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Au (Zlato)
Orbital Diagram of Au (Zlato)
Oksidacijski broj-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 5
Elektronegativnost
2.4
Electrophilicity Index
2,404200854149471 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
3.109,15 K
Talište
1.337,33 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Zlatna
appearancemetallic yellow
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000142 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,418 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,129 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
45 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,000000022 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
−0,00000000178 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
−0,000000000351 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
−0,0000344
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna plošno centrirana (FCC)
lattice constant
4,08 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
2,5 MPa
bulk modulus
220 GPa
shear modulus
27 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
78 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,44
brzina zvuka
1.740 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupIB
IUPAC GroupIB
Glawe Number66
Mendeleev Number73
Pettifor Number70
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
36 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
98,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,017
Kvantni brojevi2S1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Gold

Stabilni izotopi1
Nestabilni izotopi42
Natural Isotopes1

168Au

Maseni broj168
neutron number89
Relativna atomska masa
168,002716 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

169Au

Maseni broj169
neutron number90
Relativna atomska masa
168,99808 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

170Au

Maseni broj170
neutron number91
Relativna atomska masa
169,996024 ± 0,000216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
290 ± 50 us
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2002
Parnost

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)89%
α (α emission)11%

171Au

Maseni broj171
neutron number92
Relativna atomska masa
170,991881533 ± 0,000022236 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
22,3 ± 2,4 us
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
α (α emission)

172Au

Maseni broj172
neutron number93
Relativna atomska masa
171,989996704 ± 0,000060287 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28 ± 4 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1993
Parnost

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Au

Maseni broj173
neutron number94
Relativna atomska masa
172,986224263 ± 0,000024458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25,5 ± 0,8 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1983
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

174Au

Maseni broj174
neutron number95
Relativna atomska masa
173,984908 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
139 ± 3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1983
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Au

Maseni broj175
neutron number96
Relativna atomska masa
174,981316375 ± 0,000041399 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
200 ± 3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)88%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Au

Maseni broj176
neutron number97
Relativna atomska masa
175,980116925 ± 0,000035625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,05 ± 0,01 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Au

Maseni broj177
neutron number98
Relativna atomska masa
176,976869701 ± 0,0000107 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,1
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,501 ± 0,02 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1968
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)40%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)60%

178Au

Maseni broj178
neutron number99
Relativna atomska masa
177,976056714 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,4 ± 0,5 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1968
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)84%
α (α emission)16%

179Au

Maseni broj179
neutron number100
Relativna atomska masa
178,973173666 ± 0,000012555 Da
g-factor
2,02 ± 0,1
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,1 ± 0,3 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1968
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)78%
α (α emission)22%

180Au

Maseni broj180
neutron number101
Relativna atomska masa
179,972489738 ± 0,000005108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,9 ± 0,3 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.42%
α (α emission)0.58%

181Au

Maseni broj181
neutron number102
Relativna atomska masa
180,970079102 ± 0,000021445 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
13,7 ± 1,4 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1968
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)97.3%
α (α emission)2.7%

182Au

Maseni broj182
neutron number103
Relativna atomska masa
181,969614433 ± 0,000020143 Da
g-factor
0,65 ± 0,05
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,5 ± 0,4 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.13%

183Au

Maseni broj183
neutron number104
Relativna atomska masa
182,967588106 ± 0,000010116 Da
g-factor
0,784 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
42,8 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1968
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.45%
α (α emission)0.55%

184Au

Maseni broj184
neutron number105
Relativna atomska masa
183,967451523 ± 0,000023912 Da
g-factor
0,412 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20,6 ± 0,9 s
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,7 ± 0,3
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1969
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.013%

185Au

Maseni broj185
neutron number106
Relativna atomska masa
184,965798871 ± 0,0000028 Da
g-factor
0,864 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,25 ± 0,06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−1,1 ± 0,1
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.74%
α (α emission)0.26%

186Au

Maseni broj186
neutron number107
Relativna atomska masa
185,965952703 ± 0,000022509 Da
g-factor
−0,42 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,7 ± 0,5 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,1 ± 0,06
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0008%

187Au

Maseni broj187
neutron number108
Relativna atomska masa
186,964542147 ± 0,000024153 Da
g-factor
1,066 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,3 ± 0,2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Au

Maseni broj188
neutron number109
Relativna atomska masa
187,965247966 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
−0,07 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,84 ± 0,06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

189Au

Maseni broj189
neutron number110
Relativna atomska masa
188,963948286 ± 0,000021558 Da
g-factor
0,984 ± 0,028
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28,7 ± 0,4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

190Au

Maseni broj190
neutron number111
Relativna atomska masa
189,964751746 ± 0,0000037 Da
g-factor
−0,065 ± 0,007
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
42,8 ± 1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1%

191Au

Maseni broj191
neutron number112
Relativna atomska masa
190,963716452 ± 0,000005288 Da
g-factor
0,090933333333333 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,18 ± 0,08 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,72 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

192Au

Maseni broj192
neutron number113
Relativna atomska masa
191,964817615 ± 0,000016991 Da
g-factor
−0,0107 ± 0,0015
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,94 ± 0,09 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,228 ± 0,008
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

193Au

Maseni broj193
neutron number114
Relativna atomska masa
192,964138442 ± 0,000009311 Da
g-factor
0,092733333333333 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,65 ± 0,15 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,66 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

194Au

Maseni broj194
neutron number115
Relativna atomska masa
193,965419051 ± 0,000002273 Da
g-factor
0,076 ± 0,0013
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,02 ± 0,1 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,24 ± 0,009
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

195Au

Maseni broj195
neutron number116
Relativna atomska masa
194,965037823 ± 0,000001201 Da
g-factor
0,098733333333333 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
186,01 ± 0,06 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,607 ± 0,018
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

196Au

Maseni broj196
neutron number117
Relativna atomska masa
195,966571213 ± 0,000003179 Da
g-factor
0,29415 ± 0,00025
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,165 ± 0,011 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,07
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)93%
β (β decay)7%

197Au

Maseni broj197
neutron number118
Relativna atomska masa
196,966570103 ± 0,000000581 Da
g-factor
0,0968 ± 0,00013333333333333
natural abundance
100
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,547 ± 0,016
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

198Au

Maseni broj198
neutron number119
Relativna atomska masa
197,968243714 ± 0,000000579 Da
g-factor
0,29555 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,69464 ± 0,00014 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,64 ± 0,019
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

199Au

Maseni broj199
neutron number120
Relativna atomska masa
198,968766573 ± 0,000000581 Da
g-factor
0,18033333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,139 ± 0,007 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,51 ± 0,016
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

200Au

Maseni broj200
neutron number121
Relativna atomska masa
199,970756558 ± 0,000028681 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
48,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

201Au

Maseni broj201
neutron number122
Relativna atomska masa
200,971657678 ± 0,000003455 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
26 ± 0,8 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1952
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

202Au

Maseni broj202
neutron number123
Relativna atomska masa
201,973856 ± 0,000025 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28,4 ± 1,2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1967
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

203Au

Maseni broj203
neutron number124
Relativna atomska masa
202,975154492 ± 0,000003309 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
60 ± 6 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1952
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Au

Maseni broj204
neutron number125
Relativna atomska masa
203,97811 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,3 ± 1,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

205Au

Maseni broj205
neutron number126
Relativna atomska masa
204,980064 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32 ± 1,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

206Au

Maseni broj206
neutron number127
Relativna atomska masa
205,984766 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
47 ± 11 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2009
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

207Au

Maseni broj207
neutron number128
Relativna atomska masa
206,988577 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

208Au

Maseni broj208
neutron number129
Relativna atomska masa
207,993655 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

209Au

Maseni broj209
neutron number130
Relativna atomska masa
208,997606 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Au

Maseni broj210
neutron number131
Relativna atomska masa
210,002877 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Gold-crystals

povijest

otkrio/izumioKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
EtimologijaAnglo-Saxon: geolo (yellow); symbol from Latin: aurum (shining dawn).
pronunciationGOLD (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
0,004 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000017 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000001 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,00000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5239
2p4.4868
2s20.6302
3d13.4917
3p22.297
3s23.2372
4d37.472
4f38.3504
4p35.4532
4s34.5868
5d58.8735
5p53.83
5s51.6725
6s68.062