Тилло

Тилло (Au)

chemical element with symbol Au and atomic number 79
Atomic Number79
Atomic Weight196.966569
Адади массавӣ197
Group11
Period6
Blockd
proton79 p+
neutron118 n0
electron79 e-
Animated Bohr model of Au (Тилло)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
124 pm
Metallic Radius
134 pm
ionic radius
137 pm
Crystal Radius
151 pm
Van der Waals radius
214 pm
зичӣ
19,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Тилло0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
2,30863 eV/particle
ionization energy
9,225553 eV/particle
ionization energy of Au (Тилло)
enthalpy of vaporization
340 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
12,68 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
368,2 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
Bohr model: Au (Тилло)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Au (Тилло)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Au (Тилло)
Orbital Diagram of Au (Тилло)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 5
electronegativity
2.4
Electrophilicity Index
2,404200854149471 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 109,15 K
Melting Point
1 337,33 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Gold
appearancemetallic yellow
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000142 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,418 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
45 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,000000022 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
навъdiamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,00000000178 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000351 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000344
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,08 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2,5 MPa
bulk modulus
220 GPa
shear modulus
27 GPa
Young's modulus
78 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,44
speed of sound
1 740 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIB
IUPAC GroupIB
Glawe Number66
Mendeleev Number73
Pettifor Number70
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
36 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
98,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,017
ададҳои квантӣ2S1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Gold

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes1

168Au

Адади массавӣ168
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
168,002716 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

169Au

Адади массавӣ169
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
168,99808 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

170Au

Адади массавӣ170
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
169,996024 ± 0,000216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
290 ± 50 us
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2002
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)89%
α (α emission)11%

171Au

Адади массавӣ171
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
170,991881533 ± 0,000022236 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
22,3 ± 2,4 us
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
α (α emission)

172Au

Адади массавӣ172
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
171,989996704 ± 0,000060287 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28 ± 4 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1993
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Au

Адади массавӣ173
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
172,986224263 ± 0,000024458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,5 ± 0,8 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

174Au

Адади массавӣ174
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
173,984908 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
139 ± 3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Au

Адади массавӣ175
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
174,981316375 ± 0,000041399 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
200 ± 3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)88%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Au

Адади массавӣ176
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
175,980116925 ± 0,000035625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,05 ± 0,01 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Au

Адади массавӣ177
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
176,976869701 ± 0,0000107 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,1
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,501 ± 0,02 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)40%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)60%

178Au

Адади массавӣ178
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
177,976056714 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,4 ± 0,5 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)84%
α (α emission)16%

179Au

Адади массавӣ179
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
178,973173666 ± 0,000012555 Da
g-factor
2,02 ± 0,1
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,1 ± 0,3 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)78%
α (α emission)22%

180Au

Адади массавӣ180
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
179,972489738 ± 0,000005108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,9 ± 0,3 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.42%
α (α emission)0.58%

181Au

Адади массавӣ181
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
180,970079102 ± 0,000021445 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,7 ± 1,4 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)97.3%
α (α emission)2.7%

182Au

Адади массавӣ182
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
181,969614433 ± 0,000020143 Da
g-factor
0,65 ± 0,05
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,5 ± 0,4 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.13%

183Au

Адади массавӣ183
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
182,967588106 ± 0,000010116 Da
g-factor
0,784 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
42,8 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.45%
α (α emission)0.55%

184Au

Адади массавӣ184
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
183,967451523 ± 0,000023912 Da
g-factor
0,412 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,6 ± 0,9 s
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,7 ± 0,3
таърихи кашф1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.013%

185Au

Адади массавӣ185
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
184,965798871 ± 0,0000028 Da
g-factor
0,864 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,25 ± 0,06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-1,1 ± 0,1
таърихи кашф1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.74%
α (α emission)0.26%

186Au

Адади массавӣ186
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
185,965952703 ± 0,000022509 Da
g-factor
-0,42 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,7 ± 0,5 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,1 ± 0,06
таърихи кашф1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0008%

187Au

Адади массавӣ187
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
186,964542147 ± 0,000024153 Da
g-factor
1,066 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,3 ± 0,2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Au

Адади массавӣ188
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
187,965247966 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
-0,07 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,84 ± 0,06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

189Au

Адади массавӣ189
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
188,963948286 ± 0,000021558 Da
g-factor
0,984 ± 0,028
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28,7 ± 0,4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

190Au

Адади массавӣ190
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
189,964751746 ± 0,0000037 Da
g-factor
-0,065 ± 0,007
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
42,8 ± 1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1%

191Au

Адади массавӣ191
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
190,963716452 ± 0,000005288 Da
g-factor
0,090933333333333 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,18 ± 0,08 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,72 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

192Au

Адади массавӣ192
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
191,964817615 ± 0,000016991 Da
g-factor
-0,0107 ± 0,0015
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,94 ± 0,09 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,228 ± 0,008
таърихи кашф1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

193Au

Адади массавӣ193
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
192,964138442 ± 0,000009311 Da
g-factor
0,092733333333333 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,65 ± 0,15 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,66 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

194Au

Адади массавӣ194
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
193,965419051 ± 0,000002273 Da
g-factor
0,076 ± 0,0013
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,02 ± 0,1 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,24 ± 0,009
таърихи кашф1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

195Au

Адади массавӣ195
neutron number116
relative atomic mass
194,965037823 ± 0,000001201 Da
g-factor
0,098733333333333 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
186,01 ± 0,06 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,607 ± 0,018
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

196Au

Адади массавӣ196
neutron number117
relative atomic mass
195,966571213 ± 0,000003179 Da
g-factor
0,29415 ± 0,00025
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,165 ± 0,011 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,07
таърихи кашф1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)93%
β (β decay)7%

197Au

Адади массавӣ197
neutron number118
relative atomic mass
196,966570103 ± 0,000000581 Da
g-factor
0,0968 ± 0,00013333333333333
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,547 ± 0,016
таърихи кашф1935
parity+

198Au

Адади массавӣ198
neutron number119
relative atomic mass
197,968243714 ± 0,000000579 Da
g-factor
0,29555 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,69464 ± 0,00014 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,64 ± 0,019
таърихи кашф1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

199Au

Адади массавӣ199
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
198,968766573 ± 0,000000581 Da
g-factor
0,18033333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,139 ± 0,007 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,51 ± 0,016
таърихи кашф1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

200Au

Адади массавӣ200
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
199,970756558 ± 0,000028681 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
48,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

201Au

Адади массавӣ201
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
200,971657678 ± 0,000003455 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26 ± 0,8 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

202Au

Адади массавӣ202
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
201,973856 ± 0,000025 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28,4 ± 1,2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

203Au

Адади массавӣ203
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
202,975154492 ± 0,000003309 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60 ± 6 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Au

Адади массавӣ204
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
203,97811 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,3 ± 1,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

205Au

Адади массавӣ205
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
204,980064 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32 ± 1,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

206Au

Адади массавӣ206
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
205,984766 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
47 ± 11 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

207Au

Адади массавӣ207
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
206,988577 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

208Au

Адади массавӣ208
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
207,993655 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

209Au

Адади массавӣ209
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
208,997606 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Au

Адади массавӣ210
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
210,002877 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Gold-crystals

таърих

кошифKnown to the ancients.
макони кашф
таърихи кашф
РешашиносӣAnglo-Saxon: geolo (yellow); symbol from Latin: aurum (shining dawn).
pronunciationGOLD (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,004 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000017 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5239
2p4.4868
2s20.6302
3d13.4917
3p22.297
3s23.2372
4d37.472
4f38.3504
4p35.4532
4s34.5868
5d58.8735
5p53.83
5s51.6725
6s68.062