Bizmut

Bizmut (Bi)

hemijski element sa simbolom Bi i atomskim brojem 83
Atomic Number83
Atomic Weight208.9804
Maseni broj209
Group15
Period6
Blockp
Proton83 p+
Neutron126 n0
Elektron83 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Bi (Bizmut)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
160 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
151 pm
Metallic Radius
151 pm
Ionski radijus
96 pm
Crystal Radius
110 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
207 pm
gustoća
9,79 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Bizmut0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,942362 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,285516 eV/particle
ionization energy of Bi (Bizmut)
Toplota isparavanja
172 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
209,6 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Bohrov model atoma: Bi (Bizmut)
Valentni elektron5
Lewis structure: Bi (Bizmut)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Bi (Bizmut)
Orbital Diagram of Bi (Bizmut)
oksidacijsko stanje-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1,334075610943783 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.837,15 K
Melting Point
544,552 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
4.620,15 K
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Gray
appearancelustrous silver
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,52 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,122 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
0,77 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000013 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,000000017 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,0000000036 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,00017
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureBase Centered Monoclinic (RHL)
lattice constant
4,75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.925622, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
2,25 MPa
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
12 GPa
Young's modulus
32 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,33
Brzina zvuka
1.790 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number92
Mendeleev Number97
Pettifor Number87
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,034
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,000006
Kvantni brojevi4S3/2
space group12 (C12/m1)

Isotopes of Bismuth

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

184Bi

Maseni broj184
broj neutrona101
relative atomic mass
184,001347 ± 0,000131 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,6 ± 1,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

185Bi

Maseni broj185
broj neutrona102
relative atomic mass
184,9976 ± 0,000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)

186Bi

Maseni broj186
broj neutrona103
relative atomic mass
185,996623169 ± 0,0000182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,8 ± 0,7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.011%

187Bi

Maseni broj187
broj neutrona104
relative atomic mass
186,993147272 ± 0,00001074 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
37 ± 2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

188Bi

Maseni broj188
broj neutrona105
relative atomic mass
187,992276064 ± 0,000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
60 ± 3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.0014%

189Bi

Maseni broj189
broj neutrona106
relative atomic mass
188,989195139 ± 0,000022384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
688 ± 5 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

190Bi

Maseni broj190
broj neutrona107
relative atomic mass
189,988624828 ± 0,000022515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,3 ± 0,1 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)77%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)23%
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)6%

191Bi

Maseni broj191
broj neutrona108
relative atomic mass
190,985786972 ± 0,000008037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12,4 ± 0,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)51%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Bi

Maseni broj192
broj neutrona109
relative atomic mass
191,985470077 ± 0,000032326 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
34,6 ± 0,9 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

193Bi

Maseni broj193
broj neutrona110
relative atomic mass
192,98294722 ± 0,000008132 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
63,6 ± 3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.5%
α (α emission)3.5%

194Bi

Maseni broj194
broj neutrona111
relative atomic mass
193,982798581 ± 0,000005638 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95 ± 3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.46%

195Bi

Maseni broj195
broj neutrona112
relative atomic mass
194,980648759 ± 0,000005675 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
183 ± 4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.03%

196Bi

Maseni broj196
broj neutrona113
relative atomic mass
195,980666509 ± 0,000026224 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,13 ± 0,2 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.00115%

197Bi

Maseni broj197
broj neutrona114
relative atomic mass
196,978864927 ± 0,000008946 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,33 ± 0,5 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

198Bi

Maseni broj198
broj neutrona115
relative atomic mass
197,979201316 ± 0,000029598 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,3 ± 0,3 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Bi

Maseni broj199
broj neutrona116
relative atomic mass
198,977672841 ± 0,000011395 Da
g-factor
1,0222222222222 ± 0,088888888888889
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
27 ± 1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Bi

Maseni broj200
broj neutrona117
relative atomic mass
199,97813129 ± 0,00002437 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
36,4 ± 0,5 m
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

201Bi

Maseni broj201
broj neutrona118
relative atomic mass
200,976995017 ± 0,000013072 Da
g-factor
1,0666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
103 ± 3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Bi

Maseni broj202
broj neutrona119
relative atomic mass
201,977723042 ± 0,000015032 Da
g-factor
0,848 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,72 ± 0,05 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1%

203Bi

Maseni broj203
broj neutrona120
relative atomic mass
202,976892077 ± 0,000013717 Da
g-factor
0,88866666666667 ± 0,0028888888888889
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,76 ± 0,05 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

204Bi

Maseni broj204
broj neutrona121
relative atomic mass
203,977835687 ± 0,000009854 Da
g-factor
0,717 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,22 ± 0,1 h
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

205Bi

Maseni broj205
broj neutrona122
relative atomic mass
204,977385182 ± 0,000005161 Da
g-factor
0,89933333333333 ± 0,0015555555555556
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,91 ± 0,07 d
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,81 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

206Bi

Maseni broj206
broj neutrona123
relative atomic mass
205,978498843 ± 0,000008193 Da
g-factor
0,7235 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,243 ± 0,003 d
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,54 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

207Bi

Maseni broj207
broj neutrona124
relative atomic mass
206,978470551 ± 0,000002573 Da
g-factor
0,90508888888889 ± 0,00044444444444444
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
31,22 ± 0,17 y
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,76 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

208Bi

Maseni broj208
broj neutrona125
relative atomic mass
207,97974206 ± 0,000002474 Da
g-factor
0,9144 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
368 ± 4 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,7 ± 0,08
datum otkrića1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

209Bi

Maseni broj209
broj neutrona126
relative atomic mass
208,980398599 ± 0,000001465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20,1 ± 0,8 Ey
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,516 ± 0,015
datum otkrića1924
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

210Bi

Maseni broj210
broj neutrona127
relative atomic mass
209,984120237 ± 0,000001463 Da
g-factor
-0,0443 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,012 ± 0,005 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,19 ± 0,006
datum otkrića1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)13.2%

211Bi

Maseni broj211
broj neutrona128
relative atomic mass
210,987268715 ± 0,000005842 Da
g-factor
0,85555555555556 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,14 ± 0,02 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,7 ± 0,3
datum otkrića1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)0.276%

212Bi

Maseni broj212
broj neutrona129
relative atomic mass
211,99128503 ± 0,000001989 Da
g-factor
0,32 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
60,55 ± 0,06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,4
datum otkrića1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)64.06%
α (α emission)35.94%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.014%

213Bi

Maseni broj213
broj neutrona130
relative atomic mass
212,99438357 ± 0,000005455 Da
g-factor
0,822 ± 0,0015555555555556
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
45,6 ± 0,04 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,83 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.91%
α (α emission)2.09%

214Bi

Maseni broj214
broj neutrona131
relative atomic mass
213,998710909 ± 0,000012033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,9 ± 0,4 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1904
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.979%
α (α emission)0.021%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.003%

215Bi

Maseni broj215
broj neutrona132
relative atomic mass
215,001749095 ± 0,000006037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,62 ± 0,13 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Bi

Maseni broj216
broj neutrona133
relative atomic mass
216,006305985 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,21 ± 0,04 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Bi

Maseni broj217
broj neutrona134
relative atomic mass
217,009372 ± 0,000019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
98,5 ± 1,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Bi

Maseni broj218
broj neutrona135
relative atomic mass
218,014188 ± 0,000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
33 ± 1 s
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Bi

Maseni broj219
broj neutrona136
relative atomic mass
219,01752 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,7 ± 2,9 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

220Bi

Maseni broj220
broj neutrona137
relative atomic mass
220,022501 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,5 ± 5,7 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

221Bi

Maseni broj221
broj neutrona138
relative atomic mass
221,02598 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

222Bi

Maseni broj222
broj neutrona139
relative atomic mass
222,031079 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

223Bi

Maseni broj223
broj neutrona140
relative atomic mass
223,034611 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

224Bi

Maseni broj224
broj neutrona141
relative atomic mass
224,039796 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Bismuth crystals and 1cm3 cube

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljKnown to the ancients.
mjesto otkrića
datum otkrića
EtimologijaGerman: bisemutum, (white mass), Now spelled wismut.
pronunciationBIZ-meth (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0085 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,00002 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,0000069 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.6018
2p4.533
2s21.824
3d13.4585
3p23.0678
3s24.1145
4d37.7608
4f37.9308
4p36.1496
4s35.2928
5d58.756
5p53.979
5s51.971
6p69.6602
6s67.76