Bismut

Bismut (Bi)

chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83
Atomic Number83
Atomic Weight208.9804
Rhif màs209
Group15
Period6
Blockp
Proton83 p+
Niwtron126 n0
Electron83 e-
Animated Bohr model of Bi (Bismut)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
160 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
151 pm
Metallic Radius
151 pm
ionic radius
96 pm
Crystal Radius
110 pm
Van der Waals radius
207 pm
density
9.79 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Bismut0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
electron affinity
0.942362 eV/particle
ionization energy
7.285516 eV/particle
ionization energy of Bi (Bismut)
enthalpy of vaporization
172 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
209.6 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Bohr model: Bi (Bismut)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: Bi (Bismut)
trefn yr electronnau[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Enhanced Bohr model of Bi (Bismut)
Orbital Diagram of Bi (Bismut)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Electronegatifedd
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1.334075610943783 eV/particle
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,837.15 K
Melting Point
544.552 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
4,620.15 K
triple point
appearance
lliw
Gray
appearancelustrous silver
Mynegrif plygiant
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.52 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.122 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
0.77 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.0000013 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.000000017 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.0000000036 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.00017
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureBase Centered Monoclinic (RHL)
lattice constant
4.75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.925622, π/2
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
2.25 MPa
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
12 GPa
Young's modulus
32 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.33
speed of sound
1,790 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number92
Mendeleev Number97
Pettifor Number87
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0.034
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.000006
quantum number4S3/2
space group12 (C12/m1)

Isotopes of Bismuth

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

184Bi

Rhif màs184
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
184.001347 ± 0.000131 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6.6 ± 1.5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

185Bi

Rhif màs185
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
184.9976 ± 0.000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)

186Bi

Rhif màs186
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
185.996623169 ± 0.0000182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
14.8 ± 0.7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.011%

187Bi

Rhif màs187
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
186.993147272 ± 0.00001074 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
37 ± 2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

188Bi

Rhif màs188
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
187.992276064 ± 0.000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
60 ± 3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.0014%

189Bi

Rhif màs189
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
188.989195139 ± 0.000022384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
688 ± 5 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

190Bi

Rhif màs190
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
189.988624828 ± 0.000022515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6.3 ± 0.1 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)77%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)23%
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)6%

191Bi

Rhif màs191
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
190.985786972 ± 0.000008037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
12.4 ± 0.3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)51%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Bi

Rhif màs192
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
191.985470077 ± 0.000032326 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
34.6 ± 0.9 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

193Bi

Rhif màs193
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
192.98294722 ± 0.000008132 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
63.6 ± 3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.5%
α (α emission)3.5%

194Bi

Rhif màs194
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
193.982798581 ± 0.000005638 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
95 ± 3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.46%

195Bi

Rhif màs195
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
194.980648759 ± 0.000005675 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
183 ± 4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.03%

196Bi

Rhif màs196
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
195.980666509 ± 0.000026224 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
5.13 ± 0.2 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.00115%

197Bi

Rhif màs197
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
196.978864927 ± 0.000008946 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
9.33 ± 0.5 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

198Bi

Rhif màs198
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
197.979201316 ± 0.000029598 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
10.3 ± 0.3 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Bi

Rhif màs199
neutron number116
relative atomic mass
198.977672841 ± 0.000011395 Da
g-factor
1.0222222222222 ± 0.088888888888889
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
27 ± 1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Bi

Rhif màs200
neutron number117
relative atomic mass
199.97813129 ± 0.00002437 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
36.4 ± 0.5 m
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

201Bi

Rhif màs201
neutron number118
relative atomic mass
200.976995017 ± 0.000013072 Da
g-factor
1.0666666666667 ± 0.066666666666667
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
103 ± 3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Bi

Rhif màs202
neutron number119
relative atomic mass
201.977723042 ± 0.000015032 Da
g-factor
0.848 ± 0.0028
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.72 ± 0.05 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1%

203Bi

Rhif màs203
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
202.976892077 ± 0.000013717 Da
g-factor
0.88866666666667 ± 0.0028888888888889
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
11.76 ± 0.05 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

204Bi

Rhif màs204
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
203.977835687 ± 0.000009854 Da
g-factor
0.717 ± 0.0025
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
11.22 ± 0.1 h
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

205Bi

Rhif màs205
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
204.977385182 ± 0.000005161 Da
g-factor
0.89933333333333 ± 0.0015555555555556
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
14.91 ± 0.07 d
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.81 ± 0.03
dyddiad darganfod1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

206Bi

Rhif màs206
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
205.978498843 ± 0.000008193 Da
g-factor
0.7235 ± 0.0013333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6.243 ± 0.003 d
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.54 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

207Bi

Rhif màs207
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
206.978470551 ± 0.000002573 Da
g-factor
0.90508888888889 ± 0.00044444444444444
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
31.22 ± 0.17 y
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.76 ± 0.02
dyddiad darganfod1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

208Bi

Rhif màs208
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
207.97974206 ± 0.000002474 Da
g-factor
0.9144 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
368 ± 4 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.7 ± 0.08
dyddiad darganfod1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

209Bi

Rhif màs209
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
208.980398599 ± 0.000001465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
20.1 ± 0.8 Ey
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.516 ± 0.015
dyddiad darganfod1924
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

210Bi

Rhif màs210
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
209.984120237 ± 0.000001463 Da
g-factor
-0.0443 ± 0.0001
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
5.012 ± 0.005 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.19 ± 0.006
dyddiad darganfod1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)13.2%

211Bi

Rhif màs211
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
210.987268715 ± 0.000005842 Da
g-factor
0.85555555555556 ± 0.0066666666666667
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.14 ± 0.02 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.7 ± 0.3
dyddiad darganfod1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)0.276%

212Bi

Rhif màs212
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
211.99128503 ± 0.000001989 Da
g-factor
0.32 ± 0.04
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
60.55 ± 0.06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.1 ± 0.4
dyddiad darganfod1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)64.06%
α (α emission)35.94%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.014%

213Bi

Rhif màs213
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
212.99438357 ± 0.000005455 Da
g-factor
0.822 ± 0.0015555555555556
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
45.6 ± 0.04 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.83 ± 0.05
dyddiad darganfod1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.91%
α (α emission)2.09%

214Bi

Rhif màs214
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
213.998710909 ± 0.000012033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
19.9 ± 0.4 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1904
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.979%
α (α emission)0.021%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.003%

215Bi

Rhif màs215
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
215.001749095 ± 0.000006037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
7.62 ± 0.13 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Bi

Rhif màs216
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
216.006305985 ± 0.000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.21 ± 0.04 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Bi

Rhif màs217
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
217.009372 ± 0.000019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
98.5 ± 1.3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Bi

Rhif màs218
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
218.014188 ± 0.000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
33 ± 1 s
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Bi

Rhif màs219
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
219.01752 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
8.7 ± 2.9 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

220Bi

Rhif màs220
neutron number137
relative atomic mass
220.022501 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
9.5 ± 5.7 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

221Bi

Rhif màs221
neutron number138
relative atomic mass
221.02598 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

222Bi

Rhif màs222
neutron number139
relative atomic mass
222.031079 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

223Bi

Rhif màs223
neutron number140
relative atomic mass
223.034611 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

224Bi

Rhif màs224
neutron number141
relative atomic mass
224.039796 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Bismuth crystals and 1cm3 cube

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrKnown to the ancients.
man darganfod
dyddiad darganfod
geirdarddiadGerman: bisemutum, (white mass), Now spelled wismut.
ynganiadBIZ-meth (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.0085 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.00002 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.0000069 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.6018
2p4.533
2s21.824
3d13.4585
3p23.0678
3s24.1145
4d37.7608
4f37.9308
4p36.1496
4s35.2928
5d58.756
5p53.979
5s51.971
6p69.6602
6s67.76