Bismutoa

Bismutoa (Bi)

83 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number83
Atomic Weight208.9804
masa-zenbaki209
Group15
Period6
Blockp
protoi83 p+
neutroi126 n0
elektroi83 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Bi (Bismutoa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
160 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
151 pm
Metallic Radius
151 pm
Erradio ioniko
96 pm
Crystal Radius
110 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
207 pm
dentsitatea
9,79 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Bismutoa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
0,942362 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
7,285516 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Bi (Bismutoa)
Irakite-entalpia
172 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
209,6 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Bi (Bismutoa)
balentzia-elektroi5
Lewis egitura: Bi (Bismutoa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Bi (Bismutoa)
Orbital Diagram of Bi (Bismutoa)
Oxidazio-egoera-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegatibotasun
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1,334075610943783 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
1.837,15 K
Melting Point
544,552 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
4.620,15 K
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Gray
appearancelustrous silver
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,52 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,122 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
0,77 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,0000013 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,000000017 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,0000000036 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,00017
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBase Centered Monoclinic (RHL)
lattice constant
4,75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.925622, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
2,25 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
31 GPa
Zizaila modulua
12 GPa
Youngen modulu
32 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,33
Soinuaren lastertasun
1.790 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number92
Mendeleev Number97
Pettifor Number87
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,034
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,000006
zenbaki kuantiko4S3/2
talde espazial12 (C12/m1)

Isotopes of Bismuth

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

184Bi

masa-zenbaki184
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
184,001347 ± 0,000131 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,6 ± 1,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

185Bi

masa-zenbaki185
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
184,9976 ± 0,000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)

186Bi

masa-zenbaki186
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
185,996623169 ± 0,0000182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,8 ± 0,7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.011%

187Bi

masa-zenbaki187
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
186,993147272 ± 0,00001074 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
37 ± 2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

188Bi

masa-zenbaki188
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,992276064 ± 0,000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
60 ± 3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.0014%

189Bi

masa-zenbaki189
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
188,989195139 ± 0,000022384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
688 ± 5 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

190Bi

masa-zenbaki190
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
189,988624828 ± 0,000022515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,3 ± 0,1 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)77%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)23%
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)6%

191Bi

masa-zenbaki191
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
190,985786972 ± 0,000008037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,4 ± 0,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)51%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Bi

masa-zenbaki192
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
191,985470077 ± 0,000032326 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
34,6 ± 0,9 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

193Bi

masa-zenbaki193
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
192,98294722 ± 0,000008132 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
63,6 ± 3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.5%
α (α emission)3.5%

194Bi

masa-zenbaki194
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
193,982798581 ± 0,000005638 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
95 ± 3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.46%

195Bi

masa-zenbaki195
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
194,980648759 ± 0,000005675 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
183 ± 4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.03%

196Bi

masa-zenbaki196
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
195,980666509 ± 0,000026224 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,13 ± 0,2 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.00115%

197Bi

masa-zenbaki197
neutron number114
atomo-masa erlatibo
196,978864927 ± 0,000008946 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,33 ± 0,5 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

198Bi

masa-zenbaki198
neutron number115
atomo-masa erlatibo
197,979201316 ± 0,000029598 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,3 ± 0,3 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Bi

masa-zenbaki199
neutron number116
atomo-masa erlatibo
198,977672841 ± 0,000011395 Da
g-factor
1,0222222222222 ± 0,088888888888889
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
27 ± 1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Bi

masa-zenbaki200
neutron number117
atomo-masa erlatibo
199,97813129 ± 0,00002437 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
36,4 ± 0,5 m
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

201Bi

masa-zenbaki201
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
200,976995017 ± 0,000013072 Da
g-factor
1,0666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
103 ± 3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Bi

masa-zenbaki202
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
201,977723042 ± 0,000015032 Da
g-factor
0,848 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,72 ± 0,05 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1%

203Bi

masa-zenbaki203
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
202,976892077 ± 0,000013717 Da
g-factor
0,88866666666667 ± 0,0028888888888889
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,76 ± 0,05 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

204Bi

masa-zenbaki204
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
203,977835687 ± 0,000009854 Da
g-factor
0,717 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,22 ± 0,1 h
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

205Bi

masa-zenbaki205
neutron number122
atomo-masa erlatibo
204,977385182 ± 0,000005161 Da
g-factor
0,89933333333333 ± 0,0015555555555556
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,91 ± 0,07 d
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,81 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

206Bi

masa-zenbaki206
neutron number123
atomo-masa erlatibo
205,978498843 ± 0,000008193 Da
g-factor
0,7235 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,243 ± 0,003 d
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,54 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

207Bi

masa-zenbaki207
neutron number124
atomo-masa erlatibo
206,978470551 ± 0,000002573 Da
g-factor
0,90508888888889 ± 0,00044444444444444
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
31,22 ± 0,17 y
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,76 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

208Bi

masa-zenbaki208
neutron number125
atomo-masa erlatibo
207,97974206 ± 0,000002474 Da
g-factor
0,9144 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
368 ± 4 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,7 ± 0,08
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

209Bi

masa-zenbaki209
neutron number126
atomo-masa erlatibo
208,980398599 ± 0,000001465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
20,1 ± 0,8 Ey
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,516 ± 0,015
aurkikuntza-data1924
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

210Bi

masa-zenbaki210
neutron number127
atomo-masa erlatibo
209,984120237 ± 0,000001463 Da
g-factor
−0,0443 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,012 ± 0,005 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,19 ± 0,006
aurkikuntza-data1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)13.2%

211Bi

masa-zenbaki211
neutron number128
atomo-masa erlatibo
210,987268715 ± 0,000005842 Da
g-factor
0,85555555555556 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,14 ± 0,02 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,7 ± 0,3
aurkikuntza-data1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)0.276%

212Bi

masa-zenbaki212
neutron number129
atomo-masa erlatibo
211,99128503 ± 0,000001989 Da
g-factor
0,32 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
60,55 ± 0,06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,4
aurkikuntza-data1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)64.06%
α (α emission)35.94%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.014%

213Bi

masa-zenbaki213
neutron number130
atomo-masa erlatibo
212,99438357 ± 0,000005455 Da
g-factor
0,822 ± 0,0015555555555556
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
45,6 ± 0,04 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,83 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.91%
α (α emission)2.09%

214Bi

masa-zenbaki214
neutron number131
atomo-masa erlatibo
213,998710909 ± 0,000012033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,9 ± 0,4 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1904
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.979%
α (α emission)0.021%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.003%

215Bi

masa-zenbaki215
neutron number132
atomo-masa erlatibo
215,001749095 ± 0,000006037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,62 ± 0,13 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Bi

masa-zenbaki216
neutron number133
atomo-masa erlatibo
216,006305985 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,21 ± 0,04 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Bi

masa-zenbaki217
neutron number134
atomo-masa erlatibo
217,009372 ± 0,000019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
98,5 ± 1,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Bi

masa-zenbaki218
neutron number135
atomo-masa erlatibo
218,014188 ± 0,000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
33 ± 1 s
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Bi

masa-zenbaki219
neutron number136
atomo-masa erlatibo
219,01752 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,7 ± 2,9 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

220Bi

masa-zenbaki220
neutron number137
atomo-masa erlatibo
220,022501 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,5 ± 5,7 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

221Bi

masa-zenbaki221
neutron number138
atomo-masa erlatibo
221,02598 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

222Bi

masa-zenbaki222
neutron number139
atomo-masa erlatibo
222,031079 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

223Bi

masa-zenbaki223
neutron number140
atomo-masa erlatibo
223,034611 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

224Bi

masa-zenbaki224
neutron number141
atomo-masa erlatibo
224,039796 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Bismuth crystals and 1cm3 cube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaKnown to the ancients.
aurkikuntzaren lekua
aurkikuntza-data
etimologiaGerman: bisemutum, (white mass), Now spelled wismut.
pronunciationBIZ-meth (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0085 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00002 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,0000069 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.6018
2p4.533
2s21.824
3d13.4585
3p23.0678
3s24.1145
4d37.7608
4f37.9308
4p36.1496
4s35.2928
5d58.756
5p53.979
5s51.971
6p69.6602
6s67.76