Bizmut

Bizmut (Bi)

chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83
Atomic Number83
Atomic Weight208.9804
Numri i masës209
Group15
Period6
Blockp
protoni83 p+
neutroni126 n0
elektroni83 e-
Animated Bohr model of Bi (Bizmut)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
160 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
151 pm
Metallic Radius
151 pm
ionic radius
96 pm
Crystal Radius
110 pm
Van der Waals radius
207 pm
density
9,79 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Bizmut0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,942362 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,285516 eV/particle
ionization energy of Bi (Bizmut)
enthalpy of vaporization
172 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
209,6 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Bohr model: Bi (Bizmut)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: Bi (Bizmut)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Enhanced Bohr model of Bi (Bizmut)
Orbital Diagram of Bi (Bizmut)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativiteti
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1,334075610943783 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 837,15 K
Melting Point
544,552 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
4 620,15 K
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Gray
appearancelustrous silver
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,52 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,122 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
0,77 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000013 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,000000017 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,0000000036 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,00017
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureBase Centered Monoclinic (RHL)
lattice constant
4,75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.925622, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2,25 MPa
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
12 GPa
Young's modulus
32 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,33
Shpejtësia e zërit
1 790 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number92
Mendeleev Number97
Pettifor Number87
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,034
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,000006
numër kuantik4S3/2
space group12 (C12/m1)

Isotopes of Bismuth

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

184Bi

Numri i masës184
numri i neutroneve101
relative atomic mass
184,001347 ± 0,000131 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,6 ± 1,5 ms
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2003
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

185Bi

Numri i masës185
numri i neutroneve102
relative atomic mass
184,9976 ± 0,000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1996
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)

186Bi

Numri i masës186
numri i neutroneve103
relative atomic mass
185,996623169 ± 0,0000182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,8 ± 0,7 ms
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.011%

187Bi

Numri i masës187
numri i neutroneve104
relative atomic mass
186,993147272 ± 0,00001074 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37 ± 2 ms
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

188Bi

Numri i masës188
numri i neutroneve105
relative atomic mass
187,992276064 ± 0,000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60 ± 3 ms
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.0014%

189Bi

Numri i masës189
numri i neutroneve106
relative atomic mass
188,989195139 ± 0,000022384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
688 ± 5 ms
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1973
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

190Bi

Numri i masës190
numri i neutroneve107
relative atomic mass
189,988624828 ± 0,000022515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,3 ± 0,1 s
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)77%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)23%
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)6%

191Bi

Numri i masës191
numri i neutroneve108
relative atomic mass
190,985786972 ± 0,000008037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,4 ± 0,3 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)51%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Bi

Numri i masës192
numri i neutroneve109
relative atomic mass
191,985470077 ± 0,000032326 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
34,6 ± 0,9 s
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

193Bi

Numri i masës193
numri i neutroneve110
relative atomic mass
192,98294722 ± 0,000008132 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
63,6 ± 3 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.5%
α (α emission)3.5%

194Bi

Numri i masës194
numri i neutroneve111
relative atomic mass
193,982798581 ± 0,000005638 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95 ± 3 s
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.46%

195Bi

Numri i masës195
numri i neutroneve112
relative atomic mass
194,980648759 ± 0,000005675 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
183 ± 4 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.03%

196Bi

Numri i masës196
numri i neutroneve113
relative atomic mass
195,980666509 ± 0,000026224 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,13 ± 0,2 m
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1976
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.00115%

197Bi

Numri i masës197
numri i neutroneve114
relative atomic mass
196,978864927 ± 0,000008946 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,33 ± 0,5 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

198Bi

Numri i masës198
numri i neutroneve115
relative atomic mass
197,979201316 ± 0,000029598 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,3 ± 0,3 m
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Bi

Numri i masës199
numri i neutroneve116
relative atomic mass
198,977672841 ± 0,000011395 Da
g-factor
1,0222222222222 ± 0,088888888888889
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
27 ± 1 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Bi

Numri i masës200
numri i neutroneve117
relative atomic mass
199,97813129 ± 0,00002437 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
36,4 ± 0,5 m
Spini7
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

201Bi

Numri i masës201
numri i neutroneve118
relative atomic mass
200,976995017 ± 0,000013072 Da
g-factor
1,0666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
103 ± 3 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Bi

Numri i masës202
numri i neutroneve119
relative atomic mass
201,977723042 ± 0,000015032 Da
g-factor
0,848 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,72 ± 0,05 h
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1%

203Bi

Numri i masës203
numri i neutroneve120
relative atomic mass
202,976892077 ± 0,000013717 Da
g-factor
0,88866666666667 ± 0,0028888888888889
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,76 ± 0,05 h
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

204Bi

Numri i masës204
numri i neutroneve121
relative atomic mass
203,977835687 ± 0,000009854 Da
g-factor
0,717 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,22 ± 0,1 h
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1947
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

205Bi

Numri i masës205
numri i neutroneve122
relative atomic mass
204,977385182 ± 0,000005161 Da
g-factor
0,89933333333333 ± 0,0015555555555556
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,91 ± 0,07 d
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,81 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

206Bi

Numri i masës206
numri i neutroneve123
relative atomic mass
205,978498843 ± 0,000008193 Da
g-factor
0,7235 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,243 ± 0,003 d
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,54 ± 0,04
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1947
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

207Bi

Numri i masës207
numri i neutroneve124
relative atomic mass
206,978470551 ± 0,000002573 Da
g-factor
0,90508888888889 ± 0,00044444444444444
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
31,22 ± 0,17 y
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,76 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

208Bi

Numri i masës208
numri i neutroneve125
relative atomic mass
207,97974206 ± 0,000002474 Da
g-factor
0,9144 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
368 ± 4 ky
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,7 ± 0,08
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1953
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

209Bi

Numri i masës209
numri i neutroneve126
relative atomic mass
208,980398599 ± 0,000001465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,1 ± 0,8 Ey
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,516 ± 0,015
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1924
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

210Bi

Numri i masës210
numri i neutroneve127
relative atomic mass
209,984120237 ± 0,000001463 Da
g-factor
-0,0443 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,012 ± 0,005 d
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,19 ± 0,006
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1905
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)13.2%

211Bi

Numri i masës211
numri i neutroneve128
relative atomic mass
210,987268715 ± 0,000005842 Da
g-factor
0,85555555555556 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,14 ± 0,02 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,7 ± 0,3
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1905
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)0.276%

212Bi

Numri i masës212
numri i neutroneve129
relative atomic mass
211,99128503 ± 0,000001989 Da
g-factor
0,32 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60,55 ± 0,06 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,4
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1905
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)64.06%
α (α emission)35.94%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.014%

213Bi

Numri i masës213
numri i neutroneve130
relative atomic mass
212,99438357 ± 0,000005455 Da
g-factor
0,822 ± 0,0015555555555556
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,6 ± 0,04 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,83 ± 0,05
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1947
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)97.91%
α (α emission)2.09%

214Bi

Numri i masës214
numri i neutroneve131
relative atomic mass
213,998710909 ± 0,000012033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,9 ± 0,4 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1904
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)99.979%
α (α emission)0.021%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.003%

215Bi

Numri i masës215
numri i neutroneve132
relative atomic mass
215,001749095 ± 0,000006037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,62 ± 0,13 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1953
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

216Bi

Numri i masës216
numri i neutroneve133
relative atomic mass
216,006305985 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,21 ± 0,04 m
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

217Bi

Numri i masës217
numri i neutroneve134
relative atomic mass
217,009372 ± 0,000019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
98,5 ± 1,3 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1998
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

218Bi

Numri i masës218
numri i neutroneve135
relative atomic mass
218,014188 ± 0,000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33 ± 1 s
Spini8
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1998
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

219Bi

Numri i masës219
numri i neutroneve136
relative atomic mass
219,01752 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,7 ± 2,9 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

220Bi

Numri i masës220
numri i neutroneve137
relative atomic mass
220,022501 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,5 ± 5,7 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

221Bi

Numri i masës221
numri i neutroneve138
relative atomic mass
221,02598 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

222Bi

Numri i masës222
numri i neutroneve139
relative atomic mass
222,031079 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

223Bi

Numri i masës223
numri i neutroneve140
relative atomic mass
223,034611 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

224Bi

Numri i masës224
numri i neutroneve141
relative atomic mass
224,039796 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Bismuth crystals and 1cm3 cube

historia

zbuluesKnown to the ancients.
vendndodhja e zbulimit
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
EtimologjiaGerman: bisemutum, (white mass), Now spelled wismut.
pronunciationBIZ-meth (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0085 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,00002 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0000069 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.6018
2p4.533
2s21.824
3d13.4585
3p23.0678
3s24.1145
4d37.7608
4f37.9308
4p36.1496
4s35.2928
5d58.756
5p53.979
5s51.971
6p69.6602
6s67.76