Zerioa

Zerioa (Ce)

58 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number58
Atomic Weight140.116
masa-zenbaki140
Group
Period6
Blockf
protoi58 p+
neutroi82 n0
elektroi58 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Ce (Zerioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
185 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
163 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
101 pm
Crystal Radius
115 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
242 pm
dentsitatea
6,77 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zerioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of Ce (Zerioa)
Irakite-entalpia
398 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
5,2 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
420,1 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Ce (Zerioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Ce (Zerioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f1 5d1 6s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Ce (Zerioa)
Orbital Diagram of Ce (Zerioa)
Oxidazio-egoera2, 3, 4
Elektronegatibotasun
1.12
Electrophilicity Index
0,9792877807552266 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.716,15 K
Melting Point
1.072,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
11,3 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000063 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,94 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,192 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
1,4 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000075 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
0,022 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,00000022 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000030826 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0014716
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
12,5 K
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (FCC)
lattice constant
5,16 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
2,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
22 GPa
Zizaila modulua
14 GPa
Youngen modulu
34 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,24
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.100 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number31
Mendeleev Number15
Pettifor Number32
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
205 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00021
zenbaki kuantiko1G4
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Cerium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes40
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition14088.45%14088.45%14211.11%14211.11%1360.19%1360.19%1380.25%1380.25%

119Ce

masa-zenbaki119
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
118,952957 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

120Ce

masa-zenbaki120
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
119,946613 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

121Ce

masa-zenbaki121
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
120,943435 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,1 ± 0,1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1%

122Ce

masa-zenbaki122
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
121,93787 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

123Ce

masa-zenbaki123
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
122,93528 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,8 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1984
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

124Ce

masa-zenbaki124
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
123,93031 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,1 ± 1,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

125Ce

masa-zenbaki125
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
124,92844 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,7 ± 0,3 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

126Ce

masa-zenbaki126
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
125,923971 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
51 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

127Ce

masa-zenbaki127
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
126,922727 ± 0,000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
34 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

128Ce

masa-zenbaki128
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
127,918911 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,93 ± 0,02 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

129Ce

masa-zenbaki129
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
128,918102 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,5 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

130Ce

masa-zenbaki130
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
129,914736 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
22,9 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

131Ce

masa-zenbaki131
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
130,914429465 ± 0,000035214 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,3 ± 0,3 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

132Ce

masa-zenbaki132
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
131,911466226 ± 0,000021907 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,51 ± 0,11 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

133Ce

masa-zenbaki133
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
132,911520402 ± 0,000017557 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
97 ± 4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

134Ce

masa-zenbaki134
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
133,908928142 ± 0,000021886 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,16 ± 0,04 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

135Ce

masa-zenbaki135
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
134,909160662 ± 0,000011021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,7 ± 0,3 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

136Ce

masa-zenbaki136
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
135,907129256 ± 0,000000348 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,186 ± 0,002
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1936
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

137Ce

masa-zenbaki137
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
136,907762416 ± 0,000000386 Da
g-factor
0,64 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9 ± 0,3 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

138Ce

masa-zenbaki138
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
137,90599418 ± 0,000000536 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,251 ± 0,002
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1936
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

139Ce

masa-zenbaki139
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
138,906647029 ± 0,000002242 Da
g-factor
0,70666666666667 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
137,642 ± 0,02 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

140Ce

masa-zenbaki140
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
139,905448433 ± 0,000001409 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
88,449 ± 0,051
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1925
parity+

141Ce

masa-zenbaki141
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
140,908285991 ± 0,000001411 Da
g-factor
0,31142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32,505 ± 0,01 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

142Ce

masa-zenbaki142
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
141,909250208 ± 0,000002623 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,114 ± 0,051
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1925
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
(double β decay)

143Ce

masa-zenbaki143
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
142,912391953 ± 0,000002621 Da
g-factor
0,28666666666667 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
33,039 ± 0,006 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

144Ce

masa-zenbaki144
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
143,913652763 ± 0,000003041 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
284,886 ± 0,025 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

145Ce

masa-zenbaki145
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
144,917265113 ± 0,000036393 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,01 ± 0,06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

146Ce

masa-zenbaki146
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
145,918812294 ± 0,000015743 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,49 ± 0,16 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

147Ce

masa-zenbaki147
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
146,9226899 ± 0,000009211 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
56,4 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

148Ce

masa-zenbaki148
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
147,924424186 ± 0,000012017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
56,8 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

149Ce

masa-zenbaki149
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
148,9284269 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,94 ± 0,04 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

150Ce

masa-zenbaki150
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
149,930384032 ± 0,000012556 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,05 ± 0,07 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

151Ce

masa-zenbaki151
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
150,9342722 ± 0,000019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,76 ± 0,06 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

152Ce

masa-zenbaki152
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
151,936682 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,42 ± 0,02 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

153Ce

masa-zenbaki153
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
152,941052 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
865 ± 25 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

154Ce

masa-zenbaki154
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
153,94394 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
722 ± 14 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

155Ce

masa-zenbaki155
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
154,948706 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
313 ± 7 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

156Ce

masa-zenbaki156
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
155,951884 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
233 ± 9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

157Ce

masa-zenbaki157
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
156,957133 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
175 ± 41 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

158Ce

masa-zenbaki158
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
157,960773 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
99 ± 93 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2016
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

159Ce

masa-zenbaki159
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
158,966355 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
CE2k2g

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaW. von Hisinger, J. Berzelius, M. Klaproth
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden/Germany
aurkikuntza-data1803
etimologiaNamed after the asteroid, Ceres, discovered two years before the element.
pronunciationSER-i-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
66,5 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,0000012 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000075 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.1519
2p4.2176
2s15.26
3d13.9147
3p19.0405
3s19.3408
4d32.3392
4f56.324
4p29.3936
4s28.32
5p41.0345
5s39.0865
6s47.2036