Živa

Živa (Hg)

hemijski element sa simbolom Hg i atomskim brojem 80
Atomic Number80
Atomic Weight200.592
Maseni broj202
Group12
Period6
Blockd
Proton80 p+
Neutron122 n0
Elektron80 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Hg (Živa)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
150 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
Ionski radijus
97 pm
Crystal Radius
111 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
223 pm
gustoća
13,5336 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Živa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
10,437504 eV/particle
ionization energy of Hg (Živa)
Toplota isparavanja
58,5 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
2,295 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
61,38 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Hg (Živa)
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Hg (Živa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Hg (Živa)
Orbital Diagram of Hg (Živa)
oksidacijsko stanje-2, 1, 2
Elektronegativnost
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeLiquid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
629,769 K
Melting Point
234,321 K
critical pressure
167 MPa
Kritična temperatura
1.764,15 K
Trojna tačka
234,3156 K
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery
Indeks prelamanja
1,000933
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,000181 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,983 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000096 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
4,154 K
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000021 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000421 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000284
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
2,99 Å
Lattice Angles1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
25 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
1.407 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number76
Mendeleev Number79
Pettifor Number74
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
33,91 ± 0,34 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
374
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,063
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Mercury

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition20229.74%20229.74%20023.14%20023.14%19916.94%19916.94%20113.17%20113.17%19810.04%19810.04%2046.82%2046.82%1960.15%1960.15%

170Hg

Maseni broj170
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
170,005814 ± 0,000324 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
310 ± 250 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2019
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

171Hg

Maseni broj171
broj neutrona91
relative atomic mass
171,003585 ± 0,000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
70 ± 30 us
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Hg

Maseni broj172
broj neutrona92
relative atomic mass
171,998860581 ± 0,000161098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
231 ± 9 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Hg

Maseni broj173
broj neutrona93
relative atomic mass
172,997143 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
800 ± 80 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

174Hg

Maseni broj174
broj neutrona94
relative atomic mass
173,992870575 ± 0,000020623 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2 ± 0,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Hg

Maseni broj175
broj neutrona95
relative atomic mass
174,991444451 ± 0,000087047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,2 ± 0,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Hg

Maseni broj176
broj neutrona96
relative atomic mass
175,98734867 ± 0,000011936 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20,3 ± 1,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Hg

Maseni broj177
broj neutrona97
relative atomic mass
176,98628459 ± 0,000090952 Da
g-factor
-0,29142857142857 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
117 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

178Hg

Maseni broj178
broj neutrona98
relative atomic mass
177,982484756 ± 0,000011548 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
266,5 ± 2,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Hg

Maseni broj179
broj neutrona99
relative atomic mass
178,981821759 ± 0,000030188 Da
g-factor
-0,26857142857143 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,05 ± 0,03 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)25%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.15%

180Hg

Maseni broj180
broj neutrona100
relative atomic mass
179,97826018 ± 0,000013574 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,59 ± 0,01 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52%
α (α emission)48%

181Hg

Maseni broj181
broj neutrona101
relative atomic mass
180,977819368 ± 0,000016513 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,6 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)73%
α (α emission)27%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.014%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)9%

182Hg

Maseni broj182
broj neutrona102
relative atomic mass
181,974689173 ± 0,00001051 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,83 ± 0,06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86.2%
α (α emission)13.8%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1%

183Hg

Maseni broj183
broj neutrona103
relative atomic mass
182,974444652 ± 0,000007604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,4 ± 0,7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.3%
α (α emission)11.7%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.6%

184Hg

Maseni broj184
broj neutrona104
relative atomic mass
183,971717709 ± 0,000010235 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30,87 ± 0,26 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.89%
α (α emission)1.11%

185Hg

Maseni broj185
broj neutrona105
relative atomic mass
184,971890696 ± 0,000014641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
49,1 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94%
α (α emission)6%

186Hg

Maseni broj186
broj neutrona106
relative atomic mass
185,969362061 ± 0,000012507 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,38 ± 0,06 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.016%

187Hg

Maseni broj187
broj neutrona107
relative atomic mass
186,96981354 ± 0,00001381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,9 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Hg

Maseni broj188
broj neutrona108
relative atomic mass
187,967580738 ± 0,000007285 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,25 ± 0,15 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.7%

189Hg

Maseni broj189
broj neutrona109
relative atomic mass
188,968194776 ± 0,000033873 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,6 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

190Hg

Maseni broj190
broj neutrona110
relative atomic mass
189,96632225 ± 0,000017076 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

191Hg

Maseni broj191
broj neutrona111
relative atomic mass
190,967158301 ± 0,000023918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
49 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

192Hg

Maseni broj192
broj neutrona112
relative atomic mass
191,965634263 ± 0,000016679 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,85 ± 0,2 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)

193Hg

Maseni broj193
broj neutrona113
relative atomic mass
192,966653395 ± 0,000016645 Da
g-factor
-0,41673333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,8 ± 0,15 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,7 ± 0,3
datum otkrića1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

194Hg

Maseni broj194
broj neutrona114
relative atomic mass
193,965449108 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
447 ± 28 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

195Hg

Maseni broj195
broj neutrona115
relative atomic mass
194,966705809 ± 0,000024843 Da
g-factor
1,0786 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,69 ± 0,16 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Hg

Maseni broj196
broj neutrona116
relative atomic mass
195,965833445 ± 0,000003163 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,15 ± 0,01
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

197Hg

Maseni broj197
broj neutrona117
relative atomic mass
196,967213715 ± 0,000003442 Da
g-factor
1,0506 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
64,93 ± 0,07 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

198Hg

Maseni broj198
broj neutrona118
relative atomic mass
197,966769177 ± 0,000000491 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10,04 ± 0,03
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1925
parity+

199Hg

Maseni broj199
broj neutrona119
relative atomic mass
198,968280994 ± 0,000000564 Da
g-factor
1,0078 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
16,94 ± 0,12
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1925
parity-

200Hg

Maseni broj200
broj neutrona120
relative atomic mass
199,968326941 ± 0,000000568 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
23,14 ± 0,09
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1925
parity+

201Hg

Maseni broj201
broj neutrona121
relative atomic mass
200,970303054 ± 0,000000763 Da
g-factor
-0,372 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
13,17 ± 0,09
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1925
parity-

202Hg

Maseni broj202
broj neutrona122
relative atomic mass
201,970643604 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
29,74 ± 0,13
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

203Hg

Maseni broj203
broj neutrona123
relative atomic mass
202,972872396 ± 0,00000175 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
46,61 ± 0,01 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,344 ± 0,007
datum otkrića1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Hg

Maseni broj204
broj neutrona124
relative atomic mass
203,973494037 ± 0,000000534 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
6,82 ± 0,04
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

205Hg

Maseni broj205
broj neutrona125
relative atomic mass
204,976073151 ± 0,000003923 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,14 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

206Hg

Maseni broj206
broj neutrona126
relative atomic mass
205,977513837 ± 0,000021943 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,32 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

207Hg

Maseni broj207
broj neutrona127
relative atomic mass
206,9823 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,9 ± 0,2 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

208Hg

Maseni broj208
broj neutrona128
relative atomic mass
207,985759 ± 0,000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
135 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

209Hg

Maseni broj209
broj neutrona129
relative atomic mass
208,990757 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,3 ± 1,1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Hg

Maseni broj210
broj neutrona130
relative atomic mass
209,99431 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
64 ± 12 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.2%

211Hg

Maseni broj211
broj neutrona131
relative atomic mass
210,999581 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
26,4 ± 8,1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.3%

212Hg

Maseni broj212
broj neutrona132
relative atomic mass
212,003242 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

213Hg

Maseni broj213
broj neutrona133
relative atomic mass
213,008803 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

214Hg

Maseni broj214
broj neutrona134
relative atomic mass
214,012636 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

215Hg

Maseni broj215
broj neutrona135
relative atomic mass
215,018368 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

216Hg

Maseni broj216
broj neutrona136
relative atomic mass
216,022459 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Mercury-element

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljKnown to the ancients.
mjesto otkrića
datum otkrića
EtimologijaFrom the Roman god Mercury; symbol from Latin: hydrargyrus (liquid silver).
pronunciationMER-kyoo-ri (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,085 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,000025 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5419
2p4.499
2s20.8906
3d13.4804
3p22.4798
3s23.4587
4d37.532
4f38.2392
4p35.594
4s34.7552
5d59.144
5p54.033
5s51.889
6s68.8466