Mercuri

Mercuri (Hg)

chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80
Atomic Number80
Atomic Weight200.592
Rhif màs202
Group12
Period6
Blockd
Proton80 p+
Niwtron122 n0
Electron80 e-
Animated Bohr model of Hg (Mercuri)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
150 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
ionic radius
97 pm
Crystal Radius
111 pm
Van der Waals radius
223 pm
density
13.5336 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Mercuri0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
10.437504 eV/particle
ionization energy of Hg (Mercuri)
enthalpy of vaporization
58.5 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
2.295 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
61.38 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Bohr model: Hg (Mercuri)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Hg (Mercuri)
trefn yr electronnau[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Hg (Mercuri)
Orbital Diagram of Hg (Mercuri)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-2, 1, 2
Electronegatifedd
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materLiquid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
629.769 K
Melting Point
234.321 K
critical pressure
167 MPa
critical temperature
1,764.15 K
triple point
234.3156 K
appearance
lliw
Silver
appearancesilvery
Mynegrif plygiant
1.000933
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.000181 1/K
molar heat capacity
27.983 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
1 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.00000096 m Ω
superconductivity
4.154 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000021 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000421 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000284
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
2.99 Å
Lattice Angles1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
bulk modulus
25 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
speed of sound
1,407 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number76
Mendeleev Number79
Pettifor Number74
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
33.91 ± 0.34 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
374
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.063
quantum number1S0
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Mercury

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition20229.74%20229.74%20023.14%20023.14%19916.94%19916.94%20113.17%20113.17%19810.04%19810.04%2046.82%2046.82%1960.15%1960.15%

170Hg

Rhif màs170
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
170.005814 ± 0.000324 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
310 ± 250 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2019
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

171Hg

Rhif màs171
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
171.003585 ± 0.000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
70 ± 30 us
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Hg

Rhif màs172
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
171.998860581 ± 0.000161098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
231 ± 9 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Hg

Rhif màs173
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
172.997143 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
800 ± 80 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

174Hg

Rhif màs174
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
173.992870575 ± 0.000020623 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2 ± 0.4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Hg

Rhif màs175
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
174.991444451 ± 0.000087047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
10.2 ± 0.3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Hg

Rhif màs176
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
175.98734867 ± 0.000011936 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
20.3 ± 1.4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Hg

Rhif màs177
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
176.98628459 ± 0.000090952 Da
g-factor
-0.29142857142857 ± 0.014285714285714
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
117 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

178Hg

Rhif màs178
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
177.982484756 ± 0.000011548 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
266.5 ± 2.4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Hg

Rhif màs179
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
178.981821759 ± 0.000030188 Da
g-factor
-0.26857142857143 ± 0.0057142857142857
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.05 ± 0.03 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)25%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.15%

180Hg

Rhif màs180
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
179.97826018 ± 0.000013574 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.59 ± 0.01 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52%
α (α emission)48%

181Hg

Rhif màs181
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
180.977819368 ± 0.000016513 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.6 ± 0.1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)73%
α (α emission)27%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.014%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)9%

182Hg

Rhif màs182
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
181.974689173 ± 0.00001051 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
10.83 ± 0.06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86.2%
α (α emission)13.8%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1%

183Hg

Rhif màs183
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
182.974444652 ± 0.000007604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
9.4 ± 0.7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.3%
α (α emission)11.7%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.6%

184Hg

Rhif màs184
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
183.971717709 ± 0.000010235 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
30.87 ± 0.26 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.89%
α (α emission)1.11%

185Hg

Rhif màs185
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
184.971890696 ± 0.000014641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
49.1 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94%
α (α emission)6%

186Hg

Rhif màs186
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
185.969362061 ± 0.000012507 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.38 ± 0.06 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.016%

187Hg

Rhif màs187
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
186.96981354 ± 0.00001381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.9 ± 0.3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Hg

Rhif màs188
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
187.967580738 ± 0.000007285 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.25 ± 0.15 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.7%

189Hg

Rhif màs189
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
188.968194776 ± 0.000033873 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
7.6 ± 0.2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

190Hg

Rhif màs190
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
189.96632225 ± 0.000017076 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
20 ± 0.5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

191Hg

Rhif màs191
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
190.967158301 ± 0.000023918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
49 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

192Hg

Rhif màs192
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
191.965634263 ± 0.000016679 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4.85 ± 0.2 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)

193Hg

Rhif màs193
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
192.966653395 ± 0.000016645 Da
g-factor
-0.41673333333333 ± 0.00053333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.8 ± 0.15 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.7 ± 0.3
dyddiad darganfod1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

194Hg

Rhif màs194
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
193.965449108 ± 0.0000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
447 ± 28 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

195Hg

Rhif màs195
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
194.966705809 ± 0.000024843 Da
g-factor
1.0786 ± 0.0012
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
10.69 ± 0.16 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Hg

Rhif màs196
neutron number116
relative atomic mass
195.965833445 ± 0.000003163 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.15 ± 0.01
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

197Hg

Rhif màs197
neutron number117
relative atomic mass
196.967213715 ± 0.000003442 Da
g-factor
1.0506 ± 0.0012
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
64.93 ± 0.07 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

198Hg

Rhif màs198
neutron number118
relative atomic mass
197.966769177 ± 0.000000491 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10.04 ± 0.03
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1925
parity+

199Hg

Rhif màs199
neutron number119
relative atomic mass
198.968280994 ± 0.000000564 Da
g-factor
1.0078 ± 0.0012
natural abundance
16.94 ± 0.12
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1925
parity-

200Hg

Rhif màs200
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
199.968326941 ± 0.000000568 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
23.14 ± 0.09
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1925
parity+

201Hg

Rhif màs201
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
200.970303054 ± 0.000000763 Da
g-factor
-0.372 ± 0.00046666666666667
natural abundance
13.17 ± 0.09
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1925
parity-

202Hg

Rhif màs202
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
201.970643604 ± 0.000000757 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
29.74 ± 0.13
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1920
parity+

203Hg

Rhif màs203
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
202.972872396 ± 0.00000175 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
46.61 ± 0.01 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.344 ± 0.007
dyddiad darganfod1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Hg

Rhif màs204
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
203.973494037 ± 0.000000534 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
6.82 ± 0.04
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

205Hg

Rhif màs205
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
204.976073151 ± 0.000003923 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
5.14 ± 0.09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

206Hg

Rhif màs206
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
205.977513837 ± 0.000021943 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
8.32 ± 0.07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

207Hg

Rhif màs207
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
206.9823 ± 0.000032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.9 ± 0.2 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

208Hg

Rhif màs208
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
207.985759 ± 0.000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
135 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

209Hg

Rhif màs209
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
208.990757 ± 0.000161 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6.3 ± 1.1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Hg

Rhif màs210
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
209.99431 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
64 ± 12 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.2%

211Hg

Rhif màs211
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
210.999581 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
26.4 ± 8.1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.3%

212Hg

Rhif màs212
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
212.003242 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

213Hg

Rhif màs213
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
213.008803 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

214Hg

Rhif màs214
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
214.012636 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

215Hg

Rhif màs215
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
215.018368 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

216Hg

Rhif màs216
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
216.022459 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Mercury-element

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrKnown to the ancients.
man darganfod
dyddiad darganfod
geirdarddiadFrom the Roman god Mercury; symbol from Latin: hydrargyrus (liquid silver).
ynganiadMER-kyoo-ri (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.085 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.00003 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.000025 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5419
2p4.499
2s20.8906
3d13.4804
3p22.4798
3s23.4587
4d37.532
4f38.2392
4p35.594
4s34.7552
5d59.144
5p54.033
5s51.889
6s68.8466