Mercury

Mercury (Hg)

Mercury is the 80th element in the periodic table and has a symbol of Hg and atomic number of 80. It has an atomic weight of 200.592 and a mass number of 202. Mercury has eighty protons and one hundred twenty-two neutrons in its nucleus, and eighty electrons in six shells. It is located in group twelve, period six and block d of the periodic table. Heavy silvery liquid metallic element, belongs to the zinc group. Used in thermometers, barometers and other scientific apparatus. Less reactive than zinc and cadmium, does not displace hydrogen from acids. Forms a number of complexes and organomercury compounds.
Atomic Number80
Atomic Weight200.592
Mass Number202
Group12
Period6
Blockd
Protons80 p+
Neutrons122 n0
Electrons80 e-
Animated Bohr Model of Hg (Mercury)

Physical Properties

Atomic Radius
150 pm
Molar Volume
Covalent Radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
Ionic Radius
97 pm
Crystal Radius
111 pm
Van der Waals Radius
223 pm
Density
13.5336 g/cm³
Atomic Radii of the Elements: Mercury0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals Radius

Chemical Properties

Energy
Proton Affinity
Electron Affinity
Ionization Energy
10.437504 eV/particle
Ionization Energies of Hg (Mercury)
Heat of Vaporization
58.5 kJ/mol
Heat of Fusion
2.295 kJ/mol
Heat of Formation
61.38 kJ/mol
Electrons
Electron Shells2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Bohr Model: Hg (Mercury)
Valence Electrons2
Lewis Structure: Hg (Mercury)
Electron Configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2
Enhanced Bohr Model of Hg (Mercury)
Orbital Diagram of Hg (Mercury)
Oxidation States-2, 1, 2
Electronegativity
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
States of Matter
PhaseLiquid
Gas Phase
Boiling Point
629.769 K
Melting Point
234.321 K
Critical Pressure
167 MPa
Critical Temperature
1,764.15 K
Triple Point
234.3156 K
Visual

Mercury is a Silver. Hg has a CPK of #ff1493, Jmol of #b8b8d0, and MOLCAS GV of #b8b8d0. The Appearance of Element 80 is silvery. The Refractive Index of Mercury (Hg) is 1.000933.

Color
Silver
Appearancesilvery
Refractive Index
1.000933
Thermodynamic Properties
Thermal Conductivity
Thermal Expansion
0.000181 1/K
Molar Heat Capacity
27.983 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
Heat Capacity Ratio (Adiabatic Index)
Electrical Properties
TypeConductor
Electrical Conductivity
1 MS/m
Electrical Resistivity
0.00000096 m Ω
Superconducting Point
4.154 K
Magnetism
Typediamagnetic
Magnetic Susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000021 m³/Kg
Magnetic Susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000421 m³/mol
Magnetic Susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000284
Magnetic Ordering
Curie Point
Neel Point
Structure

The Crystal Structure of Mercury is RHL. The lattice constant of Hg is 2.99 Å. The lattice angles of Element 80 are 1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081.

Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
Lattice Constant
2.99 Å
Lattice Angles1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
Mechanical Properties

The Bulk Modulus of Mercury is 25 GPa. The Speed of Sound of Hg is 1407 m/s.

Hardness
Bulk Modulus
25 GPa
Shear Modulus
Young's Modulus
Poisson Ratio
Speed of Sound
1,407 m/s
Classification

The CAS Group of Mercury is IIB. The IUPAC Group of Hg is IIB. The Glawe Number of Element 80 is 76. The Mendeleev Number of Mercury (Hg) is 79. The Pettifor Number of Mercury is 74. The Goldschmidt Class of Hg is chalcophile.

CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number76
Mendeleev Number79
Pettifor Number74
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt Classchalcophile

Other

The Dipole Polarizability of Mercury is 33.91 plus or minus 0.34 a₀. Hg has a C6 Dispersion Coefficient (GB) of 268 a₀. The Allotropes of Element 80 is . The Neutron Cross Section of Mercury (Hg) is 374. The Neutron Mass Absorption of Mercury is 0.063. The Quantum Numbers of Hg is 1S0. The Space Group of Element 80 is 166 (R_3m).

Gas Basicity
Dipole Polarizability
33.91 ± 0.34 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
Allotropes
Neutron Cross Section
374
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.063
Quantum Numbers1S0
Space Group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Mercury

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition20229.74%20229.74%20023.14%20023.14%19916.94%19916.94%20113.17%20113.17%19810.04%19810.04%2046.82%2046.82%1960.15%1960.15%

170Hg

Mass Number170
Neutron Number90
Relative Atomic Mass
170.005814 ± 0.000324 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
310 ± 250 us
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2019
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%

171Hg

Mass Number171
Neutron Number91
Relative Atomic Mass
171.003585 ± 0.000329 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
70 ± 30 us
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2004
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Hg

Mass Number172
Neutron Number92
Relative Atomic Mass
171.998860581 ± 0.000161098 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
231 ± 9 us
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1999
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Hg

Mass Number173
Neutron Number93
Relative Atomic Mass
172.997143 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
800 ± 80 us
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1999
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%

174Hg

Mass Number174
Neutron Number94
Relative Atomic Mass
173.992870575 ± 0.000020623 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2 ± 0.4 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1997
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Hg

Mass Number175
Neutron Number95
Relative Atomic Mass
174.991444451 ± 0.000087047 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
10.2 ± 0.3 ms
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1983
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Hg

Mass Number176
Neutron Number96
Relative Atomic Mass
175.98734867 ± 0.000011936 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
20.3 ± 1.4 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1983
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Hg

Mass Number177
Neutron Number97
Relative Atomic Mass
176.98628459 ± 0.000090952 Da
G-Factor
-0.29142857142857 ± 0.014285714285714
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
117 ± 7 ms
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1975
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

178Hg

Mass Number178
Neutron Number98
Relative Atomic Mass
177.982484756 ± 0.000011548 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
266.5 ± 2.4 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1971
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Hg

Mass Number179
Neutron Number99
Relative Atomic Mass
178.981821759 ± 0.000030188 Da
G-Factor
-0.26857142857143 ± 0.0057142857142857
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.05 ± 0.03 s
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1970
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)25%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.15%

180Hg

Mass Number180
Neutron Number100
Relative Atomic Mass
179.97826018 ± 0.000013574 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.59 ± 0.01 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1970
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52%
α (α emission)48%

181Hg

Mass Number181
Neutron Number101
Relative Atomic Mass
180.977819368 ± 0.000016513 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.6 ± 0.1 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1969
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)73%
α (α emission)27%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.014%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)9%

182Hg

Mass Number182
Neutron Number102
Relative Atomic Mass
181.974689173 ± 0.00001051 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
10.83 ± 0.06 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1968
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86.2%
α (α emission)13.8%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1%

183Hg

Mass Number183
Neutron Number103
Relative Atomic Mass
182.974444652 ± 0.000007604 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
9.4 ± 0.7 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1969
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.3%
α (α emission)11.7%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.6%

184Hg

Mass Number184
Neutron Number104
Relative Atomic Mass
183.971717709 ± 0.000010235 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
30.87 ± 0.26 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1969
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.89%
α (α emission)1.11%

185Hg

Mass Number185
Neutron Number105
Relative Atomic Mass
184.971890696 ± 0.000014641 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
49.1 ± 1 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1960
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94%
α (α emission)6%

186Hg

Mass Number186
Neutron Number106
Relative Atomic Mass
185.969362061 ± 0.000012507 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.38 ± 0.06 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1960
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.016%

187Hg

Mass Number187
Neutron Number107
Relative Atomic Mass
186.96981354 ± 0.00001381 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.9 ± 0.3 m
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1960
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Hg

Mass Number188
Neutron Number108
Relative Atomic Mass
187.967580738 ± 0.000007285 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.25 ± 0.15 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1960
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.7%

189Hg

Mass Number189
Neutron Number109
Relative Atomic Mass
188.968194776 ± 0.000033873 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
7.6 ± 0.2 m
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1955
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

190Hg

Mass Number190
Neutron Number110
Relative Atomic Mass
189.96632225 ± 0.000017076 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
20 ± 0.5 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1959
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

191Hg

Mass Number191
Neutron Number111
Relative Atomic Mass
190.967158301 ± 0.000023918 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
49 ± 10 m
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1954
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

192Hg

Mass Number192
Neutron Number112
Relative Atomic Mass
191.965634263 ± 0.000016679 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
4.85 ± 0.2 h
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1952
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)

193Hg

Mass Number193
Neutron Number113
Relative Atomic Mass
192.966653395 ± 0.000016645 Da
G-Factor
-0.41673333333333 ± 0.00053333333333333
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.8 ± 0.15 h
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
-0.7 ± 0.3
Discovery Year1952
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

194Hg

Mass Number194
Neutron Number114
Relative Atomic Mass
193.965449108 ± 0.0000031 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
447 ± 28 y
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1962
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

195Hg

Mass Number195
Neutron Number115
Relative Atomic Mass
194.966705809 ± 0.000024843 Da
G-Factor
1.0786 ± 0.0012
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
10.69 ± 0.16 h
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1952
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Hg

Mass Number196
Neutron Number116
Relative Atomic Mass
195.965833445 ± 0.000003163 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
0.15 ± 0.01
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1930
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
+ (double β+ decay)

197Hg

Mass Number197
Neutron Number117
Relative Atomic Mass
196.967213715 ± 0.000003442 Da
G-Factor
1.0506 ± 0.0012
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
64.93 ± 0.07 h
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1941
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

198Hg

Mass Number198
Neutron Number118
Relative Atomic Mass
197.966769177 ± 0.000000491 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
10.04 ± 0.03
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1925
Parity+

199Hg

Mass Number199
Neutron Number119
Relative Atomic Mass
198.968280994 ± 0.000000564 Da
G-Factor
1.0078 ± 0.0012
Abundance
16.94 ± 0.12
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1925
Parity-

200Hg

Mass Number200
Neutron Number120
Relative Atomic Mass
199.968326941 ± 0.000000568 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
23.14 ± 0.09
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1925
Parity+

201Hg

Mass Number201
Neutron Number121
Relative Atomic Mass
200.970303054 ± 0.000000763 Da
G-Factor
-0.372 ± 0.00046666666666667
Abundance
13.17 ± 0.09
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1925
Parity-

202Hg

Mass Number202
Neutron Number122
Relative Atomic Mass
201.970643604 ± 0.000000757 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
29.74 ± 0.13
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1920
Parity+

203Hg

Mass Number203
Neutron Number123
Relative Atomic Mass
202.972872396 ± 0.00000175 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
46.61 ± 0.01 d
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
0.344 ± 0.007
Discovery Year1943
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

204Hg

Mass Number204
Neutron Number124
Relative Atomic Mass
203.973494037 ± 0.000000534 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
6.82 ± 0.04
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1920
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
(double β decay)

205Hg

Mass Number205
Neutron Number125
Relative Atomic Mass
204.976073151 ± 0.000003923 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
5.14 ± 0.09 m
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1940
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

206Hg

Mass Number206
Neutron Number126
Relative Atomic Mass
205.977513837 ± 0.000021943 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
8.32 ± 0.07 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1961
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

207Hg

Mass Number207
Neutron Number127
Relative Atomic Mass
206.9823 ± 0.000032 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.9 ± 0.2 m
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1982
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

208Hg

Mass Number208
Neutron Number128
Relative Atomic Mass
207.985759 ± 0.000033 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
135 ± 10 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1994
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

209Hg

Mass Number209
Neutron Number129
Relative Atomic Mass
208.990757 ± 0.000161 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
6.3 ± 1.1 s
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1998
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Hg

Mass Number210
Neutron Number130
Relative Atomic Mass
209.99431 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
64 ± 12 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1998
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.2%

211Hg

Mass Number211
Neutron Number131
Relative Atomic Mass
210.999581 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
26.4 ± 8.1 s
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.3%

212Hg

Mass Number212
Neutron Number132
Relative Atomic Mass
212.003242 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

213Hg

Mass Number213
Neutron Number133
Relative Atomic Mass
213.008803 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

214Hg

Mass Number214
Neutron Number134
Relative Atomic Mass
214.012636 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

215Hg

Mass Number215
Neutron Number135
Relative Atomic Mass
215.018368 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

216Hg

Mass Number216
Neutron Number136
Relative Atomic Mass
216.022459 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2010
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Mercury-element

History

Mercury was known to the ancient Chinese and Indians and has been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to about 1500 BC. Alchemists thought of mercury as the First Matter from which all metals were formed. They believed that different metals could be produced by varying the quality and quantity of sulfur contained within the mercury. From the Latin word hydrargyrum meaning liquid silver

DiscoverersKnown to the ancients.
Discovery Location
Discovery Year
Etymology (Name Origin)From the Roman god Mercury; symbol from Latin: hydrargyrus (liquid silver).
PronunciationMER-kyoo-ri (English)
Mercury and most of its compounds are highly toxic
Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature

Uses

Mercury is used in barometers and manometers because of its high density. Gaseous mercury is used in mercury-vapor lamps and some 'neon sign' type advertising signs and fluorescent lamps. Mercury is also found in liquid mirror telescopes. Gaseous mercury is also found in some electron tubes, including ignitrons, thyratrons, and mercury arc rectifiers. Used in thermometers, barometers, and batteries. Also used in electrical switches and mercury-vapor lighting products.

Sources

Virtually all mercury comes from cinnabar or mercury sulfide (HgS). Some sources of red cinnabar are so rich in mercury that droplets of elemental mercury can be found in random samples.

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.085 mg/kg
Natural Abundance (Oceans)
0.00003 mg/L
Natural Abundance (Human Body)
Natural Abundance (Meteor)
0.000025 %
Natural Abundance (Sun)
0.000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5419
2p4.499
2s20.8906
3d13.4804
3p22.4798
3s23.4587
4d37.532
4f38.2392
4p35.594
4s34.7552
5d59.144
5p54.033
5s51.889
6s68.8466

Also Known As

  • Hg
  • element 80
  • 80Hg
  • hydrargyrum
  • quicksilver
  • mercury (element)

Translations

  • Norwegian Bokmålkvikksølv
  • Frenchmercure
  • Italianmercurio
  • Catalanmercuri
  • Spanishmercurio
  • Norwegian Nynorskkvikksølv
  • Hungarianhigany
  • Afrikaanskwik
  • Amharicባዜቃ
  • AragoneseMercurio
  • Arabicزئبق
  • Egyptian Arabicزيبق
  • AsturianMercuriu
  • AzerbaijaniCivə
  • BikolAsugi
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  • WelshArian byw
  • Danishkviksølv
  • GermanQuecksilber
  • Greekυδράργυρος
  • Esperantohidrargo
  • Estonianelavhõbe
  • BasqueZilarbizi
  • Persianجیوه
  • Finnishelohopea
  • FriulianMercuri
  • IrishMearcair
  • Galicianmercurio
  • ManxMercur
  • Hakka Chinesesúi-ngiùn
  • Hebrewכספית
  • Hindiपारा
  • Fiji HindiMercury
  • Croatianživa
  • Haitian CreoleMèki
  • Armenianսնդիկ
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  • KazakhСынап
  • Kannadaಪಾದರಸ
  • Korean수은
  • Komi-PermyakРтуть
  • KurdishZîbeq
  • KomiТюрк
  • Latinhydrargyrum
  • LuxembourgishQuecksëlwer
  • lbeХьюму муси
  • LigurianMercuio
  • Lithuaniangyvsidabris
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  • Low GermanQuecksülver
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  • QuechuaYaku qullqi
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  • Saterland FrisianKwäksäälwer
  • SundaneseCai raksa
  • Swedishkvicksilver
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  • SilesianŻywe strzybło
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  • TagalogAsoge
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  • Ukrainianртуть
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  • Vietnamesethủy ngân
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  • emlMercùri
  • PiedmonteseMercuri (element)
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  • TatarТерекөмеш
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  • Sanskritपारदः
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  • Volapükmärkurin
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  • Teluguపాదరసము
  • Lingua Franca Novamercurio
  • Northern Samieallisilba
  • oloArtugu
  • Burmeseပြဒါး
  • kbpMɛrɩkɩrɩ
  • OsseticДжынасу
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  • Northern FrisianKwaksalwer
  • Divehiދިރޭރަހަ
  • HawaiianMelekulia
  • hywՍնդիկ
  • ExtremaduranMercuriu (elementu)
  • Uyghurمېركۇرىي(element)
  • TajikСимоб
  • SardinianMercùriu (elementu chìmicu)
  • Lule Samiviessosilbba
  • Inari Samielleesilbâ
  • Skolt Samijieʹllisilbb
  • Moroccan Arabicزاواق
  • CornishMerkuri
  • Manipuriꯁꯅꯥ ꯍꯤꯗꯥꯛ
  • MalagasyVolavelona
  • BalineseRasa (unsur)
  • dagZeeba
  • Tatar (Cyrillic)терекөмеш
  • OromoMeetii-gaanfuree ykn meerkurii