Živa

Živa (Hg)

chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80
Atomski broj80
Relativna atomska masa200.592
Maseni broj202
Skupina12
Perioda6
Blokd
proton80 p+
neutron122 n0
elektron80 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Hg (Živa)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
150 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
133 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
Ionski radijus
97 pm
Crystal Radius
111 pm
Van der Waals radius
223 pm
gustoća
13,5336 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Živa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
10,437504 eV/particle
ionization energy of Hg (Živa)
Toplina isparivanja
58,5 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
2,295 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
61,38 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Hg (Živa)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Hg (Živa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Hg (Živa)
Orbital Diagram of Hg (Živa)
Oksidacijski broj-2, 1, 2
Elektronegativnost
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeTekuće
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
629,769 K
Talište
234,321 K
critical pressure
167 MPa
critical temperature
1.764,15 K
Trojna točka
234,3156 K
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery
Indeks prelamanja
1,000933
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
0,000181 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,983 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000096 m Ω
Supravodljivost
4,154 K
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
−0,0000000021 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
−0,000000000421 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
−0,0000284
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna Trigonska (RHL)
lattice constant
2,99 Å
Lattice Angles1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
25 GPa
shear modulus
Youngov modul elastičnosti
Poissonov omjer
brzina zvuka
1.407 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number76
Mendeleev Number79
Pettifor Number74
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
33,91 ± 0,34 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
374
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,063
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Mercury

Stabilni izotopi5
Nestabilni izotopi42
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition20229.74%20229.74%20023.14%20023.14%19916.94%19916.94%20113.17%20113.17%19810.04%19810.04%2046.82%2046.82%1960.15%1960.15%

170Hg

Maseni broj170
neutron number90
Relativna atomska masa
170,005814 ± 0,000324 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
310 ± 250 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2019
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

171Hg

Maseni broj171
neutron number91
Relativna atomska masa
171,003585 ± 0,000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
70 ± 30 us
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2004
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Hg

Maseni broj172
neutron number92
Relativna atomska masa
171,998860581 ± 0,000161098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
231 ± 9 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1999
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Hg

Maseni broj173
neutron number93
Relativna atomska masa
172,997143 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
800 ± 80 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1999
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

174Hg

Maseni broj174
neutron number94
Relativna atomska masa
173,992870575 ± 0,000020623 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2 ± 0,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Hg

Maseni broj175
neutron number95
Relativna atomska masa
174,991444451 ± 0,000087047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,2 ± 0,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1983
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Hg

Maseni broj176
neutron number96
Relativna atomska masa
175,98734867 ± 0,000011936 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20,3 ± 1,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1983
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Hg

Maseni broj177
neutron number97
Relativna atomska masa
176,98628459 ± 0,000090952 Da
g-factor
−0,29142857142857 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
117 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

178Hg

Maseni broj178
neutron number98
Relativna atomska masa
177,982484756 ± 0,000011548 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
266,5 ± 2,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Hg

Maseni broj179
neutron number99
Relativna atomska masa
178,981821759 ± 0,000030188 Da
g-factor
−0,26857142857143 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,05 ± 0,03 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)25%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.15%

180Hg

Maseni broj180
neutron number100
Relativna atomska masa
179,97826018 ± 0,000013574 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,59 ± 0,01 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52%
α (α emission)48%

181Hg

Maseni broj181
neutron number101
Relativna atomska masa
180,977819368 ± 0,000016513 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,6 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1969
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)73%
α (α emission)27%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.014%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)9%

182Hg

Maseni broj182
neutron number102
Relativna atomska masa
181,974689173 ± 0,00001051 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,83 ± 0,06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1968
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86.2%
α (α emission)13.8%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1%

183Hg

Maseni broj183
neutron number103
Relativna atomska masa
182,974444652 ± 0,000007604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,4 ± 0,7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1969
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.3%
α (α emission)11.7%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.6%

184Hg

Maseni broj184
neutron number104
Relativna atomska masa
183,971717709 ± 0,000010235 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30,87 ± 0,26 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1969
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.89%
α (α emission)1.11%

185Hg

Maseni broj185
neutron number105
Relativna atomska masa
184,971890696 ± 0,000014641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
49,1 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94%
α (α emission)6%

186Hg

Maseni broj186
neutron number106
Relativna atomska masa
185,969362061 ± 0,000012507 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,38 ± 0,06 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.016%

187Hg

Maseni broj187
neutron number107
Relativna atomska masa
186,96981354 ± 0,00001381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,9 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Hg

Maseni broj188
neutron number108
Relativna atomska masa
187,967580738 ± 0,000007285 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,25 ± 0,15 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.7%

189Hg

Maseni broj189
neutron number109
Relativna atomska masa
188,968194776 ± 0,000033873 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,6 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

190Hg

Maseni broj190
neutron number110
Relativna atomska masa
189,96632225 ± 0,000017076 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

191Hg

Maseni broj191
neutron number111
Relativna atomska masa
190,967158301 ± 0,000023918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
49 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

192Hg

Maseni broj192
neutron number112
Relativna atomska masa
191,965634263 ± 0,000016679 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,85 ± 0,2 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1952
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)

193Hg

Maseni broj193
neutron number113
Relativna atomska masa
192,966653395 ± 0,000016645 Da
g-factor
−0,41673333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,8 ± 0,15 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,7 ± 0,3
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1952
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

194Hg

Maseni broj194
neutron number114
Relativna atomska masa
193,965449108 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
447 ± 28 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1962
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

195Hg

Maseni broj195
neutron number115
Relativna atomska masa
194,966705809 ± 0,000024843 Da
g-factor
1,0786 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,69 ± 0,16 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1952
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Hg

Maseni broj196
neutron number116
Relativna atomska masa
195,965833445 ± 0,000003163 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,15 ± 0,01
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1930
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

197Hg

Maseni broj197
neutron number117
Relativna atomska masa
196,967213715 ± 0,000003442 Da
g-factor
1,0506 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
64,93 ± 0,07 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1941
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

198Hg

Maseni broj198
neutron number118
Relativna atomska masa
197,966769177 ± 0,000000491 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10,04 ± 0,03
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1925
Parnost+

199Hg

Maseni broj199
neutron number119
Relativna atomska masa
198,968280994 ± 0,000000564 Da
g-factor
1,0078 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
16,94 ± 0,12
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1925
Parnost-

200Hg

Maseni broj200
neutron number120
Relativna atomska masa
199,968326941 ± 0,000000568 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
23,14 ± 0,09
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1925
Parnost+

201Hg

Maseni broj201
neutron number121
Relativna atomska masa
200,970303054 ± 0,000000763 Da
g-factor
−0,372 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
13,17 ± 0,09
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1925
Parnost-

202Hg

Maseni broj202
neutron number122
Relativna atomska masa
201,970643604 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
29,74 ± 0,13
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1920
Parnost+

203Hg

Maseni broj203
neutron number123
Relativna atomska masa
202,972872396 ± 0,00000175 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
46,61 ± 0,01 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,344 ± 0,007
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1943
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Hg

Maseni broj204
neutron number124
Relativna atomska masa
203,973494037 ± 0,000000534 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
6,82 ± 0,04
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1920
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

205Hg

Maseni broj205
neutron number125
Relativna atomska masa
204,976073151 ± 0,000003923 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,14 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1940
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

206Hg

Maseni broj206
neutron number126
Relativna atomska masa
205,977513837 ± 0,000021943 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,32 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1961
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

207Hg

Maseni broj207
neutron number127
Relativna atomska masa
206,9823 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,9 ± 0,2 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

208Hg

Maseni broj208
neutron number128
Relativna atomska masa
207,985759 ± 0,000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
135 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

209Hg

Maseni broj209
neutron number129
Relativna atomska masa
208,990757 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,3 ± 1,1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1998
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Hg

Maseni broj210
neutron number130
Relativna atomska masa
209,99431 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
64 ± 12 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1998
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.2%

211Hg

Maseni broj211
neutron number131
Relativna atomska masa
210,999581 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
26,4 ± 8,1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.3%

212Hg

Maseni broj212
neutron number132
Relativna atomska masa
212,003242 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

213Hg

Maseni broj213
neutron number133
Relativna atomska masa
213,008803 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

214Hg

Maseni broj214
neutron number134
Relativna atomska masa
214,012636 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

215Hg

Maseni broj215
neutron number135
Relativna atomska masa
215,018368 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

216Hg

Maseni broj216
neutron number136
Relativna atomska masa
216,022459 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Mercury-element

povijest

otkrio/izumioKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
EtimologijaFrom the Roman god Mercury; symbol from Latin: hydrargyrus (liquid silver).
pronunciationMER-kyoo-ri (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
0,085 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000025 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,000002 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5419
2p4.499
2s20.8906
3d13.4804
3p22.4798
3s23.4587
4d37.532
4f38.2392
4p35.594
4s34.7552
5d59.144
5p54.033
5s51.889
6s68.8466