Zîbeq

Zîbeq (Hg)

chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80
Atomic Number80
Atomic Weight200.592
Hejmara baristeyî202
Group12
Period6
Blockd
Proton80 p+
Notron122 n0
Kareva80 e-
Animated Bohr model of Hg (Zîbeq)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
150 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
ionic radius
97 pm
Crystal Radius
111 pm
Van der Waals radius
223 pm
density
13,5336 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zîbeq0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
10,437504 eV/particle
ionization energy of Hg (Zîbeq)
enthalpy of vaporization
58,5 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
2,295 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
61,38 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Bohr model: Hg (Zîbeq)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Hg (Zîbeq)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Hg (Zîbeq)
Orbital Diagram of Hg (Zîbeq)
oxidation number-2, 1, 2
electronegativity
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterLiquid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
629,769 K
Melting Point
234,321 K
critical pressure
167 MPa
critical temperature
1.764,15 K
triple point
234,3156 K
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery
refractive index
1,000933
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,000181 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,983 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000096 m Ω
superconductivity
4,154 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000021 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000421 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000284
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
2,99 Å
Lattice Angles1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
25 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Leza dengê
1.407 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number76
Mendeleev Number79
Pettifor Number74
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
33,91 ± 0,34 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
374
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,063
quantum number1S0
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Mercury

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition20229.74%20229.74%20023.14%20023.14%19916.94%19916.94%20113.17%20113.17%19810.04%19810.04%2046.82%2046.82%1960.15%1960.15%

170Hg

Hejmara baristeyî170
neutron number90
Giraniya atomê
170,005814 ± 0,000324 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
310 ± 250 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2019
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

171Hg

Hejmara baristeyî171
neutron number91
Giraniya atomê
171,003585 ± 0,000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70 ± 30 us
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Hg

Hejmara baristeyî172
neutron number92
Giraniya atomê
171,998860581 ± 0,000161098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
231 ± 9 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Hg

Hejmara baristeyî173
neutron number93
Giraniya atomê
172,997143 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
800 ± 80 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

174Hg

Hejmara baristeyî174
neutron number94
Giraniya atomê
173,992870575 ± 0,000020623 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2 ± 0,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Hg

Hejmara baristeyî175
neutron number95
Giraniya atomê
174,991444451 ± 0,000087047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,2 ± 0,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Hg

Hejmara baristeyî176
neutron number96
Giraniya atomê
175,98734867 ± 0,000011936 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,3 ± 1,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Hg

Hejmara baristeyî177
neutron number97
Giraniya atomê
176,98628459 ± 0,000090952 Da
g-factor
-0,29142857142857 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
117 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

178Hg

Hejmara baristeyî178
neutron number98
Giraniya atomê
177,982484756 ± 0,000011548 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
266,5 ± 2,4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Hg

Hejmara baristeyî179
neutron number99
Giraniya atomê
178,981821759 ± 0,000030188 Da
g-factor
-0,26857142857143 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,05 ± 0,03 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)25%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.15%

180Hg

Hejmara baristeyî180
neutron number100
Giraniya atomê
179,97826018 ± 0,000013574 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,59 ± 0,01 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52%
α (α emission)48%

181Hg

Hejmara baristeyî181
neutron number101
Giraniya atomê
180,977819368 ± 0,000016513 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,6 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)73%
α (α emission)27%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.014%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)9%

182Hg

Hejmara baristeyî182
neutron number102
Giraniya atomê
181,974689173 ± 0,00001051 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,83 ± 0,06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86.2%
α (α emission)13.8%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1%

183Hg

Hejmara baristeyî183
neutron number103
Giraniya atomê
182,974444652 ± 0,000007604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,4 ± 0,7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.3%
α (α emission)11.7%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.6%

184Hg

Hejmara baristeyî184
neutron number104
Giraniya atomê
183,971717709 ± 0,000010235 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,87 ± 0,26 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.89%
α (α emission)1.11%

185Hg

Hejmara baristeyî185
neutron number105
Giraniya atomê
184,971890696 ± 0,000014641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
49,1 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94%
α (α emission)6%

186Hg

Hejmara baristeyî186
neutron number106
Giraniya atomê
185,969362061 ± 0,000012507 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,38 ± 0,06 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.016%

187Hg

Hejmara baristeyî187
neutron number107
Giraniya atomê
186,96981354 ± 0,00001381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,9 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Hg

Hejmara baristeyî188
neutron number108
Giraniya atomê
187,967580738 ± 0,000007285 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,25 ± 0,15 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.7%

189Hg

Hejmara baristeyî189
neutron number109
Giraniya atomê
188,968194776 ± 0,000033873 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,6 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

190Hg

Hejmara baristeyî190
neutron number110
Giraniya atomê
189,96632225 ± 0,000017076 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

191Hg

Hejmara baristeyî191
neutron number111
Giraniya atomê
190,967158301 ± 0,000023918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
49 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

192Hg

Hejmara baristeyî192
neutron number112
Giraniya atomê
191,965634263 ± 0,000016679 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,85 ± 0,2 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)

193Hg

Hejmara baristeyî193
neutron number113
Giraniya atomê
192,966653395 ± 0,000016645 Da
g-factor
-0,41673333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,8 ± 0,15 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,7 ± 0,3
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

194Hg

Hejmara baristeyî194
neutron number114
Giraniya atomê
193,965449108 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
447 ± 28 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

195Hg

Hejmara baristeyî195
neutron number115
Giraniya atomê
194,966705809 ± 0,000024843 Da
g-factor
1,0786 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,69 ± 0,16 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Hg

Hejmara baristeyî196
neutron number116
Giraniya atomê
195,965833445 ± 0,000003163 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,15 ± 0,01
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

197Hg

Hejmara baristeyî197
neutron number117
Giraniya atomê
196,967213715 ± 0,000003442 Da
g-factor
1,0506 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64,93 ± 0,07 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

198Hg

Hejmara baristeyî198
neutron number118
Giraniya atomê
197,966769177 ± 0,000000491 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10,04 ± 0,03
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

199Hg

Hejmara baristeyî199
neutron number119
Giraniya atomê
198,968280994 ± 0,000000564 Da
g-factor
1,0078 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
16,94 ± 0,12
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity-

200Hg

Hejmara baristeyî200
neutron number120
Giraniya atomê
199,968326941 ± 0,000000568 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
23,14 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

201Hg

Hejmara baristeyî201
neutron number121
Giraniya atomê
200,970303054 ± 0,000000763 Da
g-factor
-0,372 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
13,17 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity-

202Hg

Hejmara baristeyî202
neutron number122
Giraniya atomê
201,970643604 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
29,74 ± 0,13
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1920
parity+

203Hg

Hejmara baristeyî203
neutron number123
Giraniya atomê
202,972872396 ± 0,00000175 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
46,61 ± 0,01 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,344 ± 0,007
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Hg

Hejmara baristeyî204
neutron number124
Giraniya atomê
203,973494037 ± 0,000000534 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
6,82 ± 0,04
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

205Hg

Hejmara baristeyî205
neutron number125
Giraniya atomê
204,976073151 ± 0,000003923 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,14 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

206Hg

Hejmara baristeyî206
neutron number126
Giraniya atomê
205,977513837 ± 0,000021943 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,32 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

207Hg

Hejmara baristeyî207
neutron number127
Giraniya atomê
206,9823 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,9 ± 0,2 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

208Hg

Hejmara baristeyî208
neutron number128
Giraniya atomê
207,985759 ± 0,000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
135 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

209Hg

Hejmara baristeyî209
neutron number129
Giraniya atomê
208,990757 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,3 ± 1,1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Hg

Hejmara baristeyî210
neutron number130
Giraniya atomê
209,99431 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64 ± 12 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.2%

211Hg

Hejmara baristeyî211
neutron number131
Giraniya atomê
210,999581 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,4 ± 8,1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.3%

212Hg

Hejmara baristeyî212
neutron number132
Giraniya atomê
212,003242 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

213Hg

Hejmara baristeyî213
neutron number133
Giraniya atomê
213,008803 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

214Hg

Hejmara baristeyî214
neutron number134
Giraniya atomê
214,012636 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

215Hg

Hejmara baristeyî215
neutron number135
Giraniya atomê
215,018368 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

216Hg

Hejmara baristeyî216
neutron number136
Giraniya atomê
216,022459 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Mercury-element

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
BêjenasîFrom the Roman god Mercury; symbol from Latin: hydrargyrus (liquid silver).
pronunciationMER-kyoo-ri (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,085 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000025 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5419
2p4.499
2s20.8906
3d13.4804
3p22.4798
3s23.4587
4d37.532
4f38.2392
4p35.594
4s34.7552
5d59.144
5p54.033
5s51.889
6s68.8466